Presentation on theme: "Problem Solving in Science"— Presentation transcript:
1 Problem Solving in Science The Scientific Method
2 Step One: Observation Science starts with Making an Observation Example: “I wonder why my car won’t start.”Science Example: “I wonder what would happen if I put the plant in the closet.”
3 Step 2: ResearchDoing research before a project helps make sure no one has done it beforeGetting background knowledge - Learn about what you are going to be doingThink of some reasons for your observation or ways you could solve the problem
4 Step 3: Predictions What do you think will happen? Example: My car won’t start because the battery is dead.Science Example: If I put the plant in the closet, then it’s going to die.
5 Predictions = Hypothesis Hypothesis - fancy way to write your prediction in science2 partsIf [tell what you are going to do]- example “If I put the plant in the closet”2. Then [tell what you think is going to happen] - example - “then it’s going to die”…“If I put the plant in the closet, then it’s going to die.”“If I get a new battery for my car, then it will start.”
6 Step 4: Test it (Procedure) Follow steps to see if your prediction is rightScientists make very detailed steps so other people could follow them too
7 Step 5: Observe and Record Results Use data tables and charts to record what happenedCar example: Did your car start with a new battery? “The car didn’t start”Science example: Did the plant in the closet die? “The plant died.”
8 Step 6: Make a conclusion Tell if your prediction was right or wrong - use your results to support itBeing wrong is NOT a bad thing - lots of great discoveries have been made when something “went wrong”If your prediction was not correct, scientists begin the process again and try to learn something else
9 Conclusions #2Car example: The new battery didn’t make the car start. What else can I do to make it start?It needs a new starter.The ignition is badScience example: The plant die when it didn’t have sunlight. So plants need sunlight in order to survive. -HYPOTHESIS IS SUPPORTED - other scientists will test and see if you are still correct.