Presentation on theme: "Everything You Need To Know When Researching. Primary Sources Contemporary Accounts of an event written by the person who witnessed or experienced it."— Presentation transcript:
Primary Sources Contemporary Accounts of an event written by the person who witnessed or experienced it. FIRST HAND! Original Documents, Unpublished – not about another document or account Published works - as long as they are written soon after the fact and not as historical accounts
Primary Sources Diaries Letters Memoirs Journals Speeches Manuscripts Statistical Data Interviews Photographs Audio or video recordings Research reports (natural or social sciences) Original literary or theatrical works Include:
Secondary Sources Interpret primary sources - at least one step removed from the event or phenomenon under review Examination of studies that other researchers have made of a subject Second Hand - conveys the experiences and opinions of others
Secondary Sources Usually in the form of published works Journal articles Books Radio and TV documentaries
How do you know? Ask yourself some questions: How does the author know these details? Was the author present at the event or soon on the scene? Where does this information come from—personal experience, eyewitness accounts, or reports written by others? Are the author's conclusions based on a single piece of evidence, or have many sources been taken into account?
What is a Bibliography A bibliography is an alphabetical list of all sources you consult or use for projects, reports, research, etc., including– Books Magazines Websites Interviews video clips Newspapers CD-ROMs Encyclopedias images (pictures)
Why do we write them? To acknowledge our sources (show where we found the information) To give our readers information to identify and consult our sources To make sure our information is accurate To show academic honesty
What if we don’t write a bibliography? This is called plagiarism (using another person’s words, pictures or ideas without giving them credit). To avoid plagiarism, we give credit to our sources by citing them in our bibliography.
Sample Bibliography How to write a Bibliography a guide for WIS students! Colette Chalier, MLIS. Teacher-Librarian. Washington International School. April 2009 http://digital.wis.edu/pslibrary/pdf/bibliographyPP.pdf http://digital.wis.edu/pslibrary/pdf/bibliographyPP.pdf Primary vs. Secondary Sources (PPT) firstname.lastname@example.org. Primary Sources. Contemporary Accounts of an event... Secondary Sources. Interpret primary sources - at least one step removed from the http://people.uwec.edu/tvaruzke/documents/Primary- Secondary.ppt
For more information Library Research: Finding Primary Sources. Berkeley: Library, University of California, Berkeley. http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/PrimarySource s.html http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/PrimarySource s.html Research Skills Tutorial: Primary Research. Toronto: Gerstein Science Information Centre. http://www.library.utoronto.ca/gerstein/tutorial/primary_resear ch1.html http://www.library.utoronto.ca/gerstein/tutorial/primary_resear ch1.html Primary and Secondary Sources. Ithaca College. http://www.ithaca.edu/library/course/primary.html http://www.ithaca.edu/library/course/primary.html
For more information Fleming, Carolyn. “Creating a bibliography.” [Powerpoint]. Arlington, VA, 2008. Oregon State Library and Information Services. Citation examples. 18 Nov 2005. www.oslis.eduwww.oslis.edu Various images. Microsoft clipart. 21 Apr 2009 Victoria Shanghai Academy. “What is a bibliography?” [Powerpoint]. Hong Kong, 2007.