Simple Sentence One independent clause and no subordinate clause. May have a compound subject and a compound verb, or both.
Simple Sentence Examples This is my pencil. Jonathan ordered a slice of pizza and a soda. Maria and Jin asked the teacher a question and wrote down the answer.
Compound Sentence Two or more independent clauses Joined by (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet) – a comma and a conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet) – Semicolon ;
Compound Sentence Examples Thomas played on the swings, but Maya went down the slide. Either she will chaperone the group, or I will. Regine ordered a chicken sandwich; the waiter brought her a burger instead. Thomas played on the swings; Maya went down the slide. WRONG: I went home I ate dinner.
Simple or Compound? Paul and Maya read each other’s essays and made suggestions for improvement. Paul and Maya read their essays, and they gave each other suggestions for improvement.
Complex Sentence One independent clause and at least one subordinate clause. Subordinate clause can appear at the beginning, middle, or end of a complex sentence.
Compound - Complex Sentence Two or more independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause Compound + Complex sentence
Compound - Complex Examples After the bell rang, Jackson rushed to the classroom, and he pulled out his books. – After the bell rang – subordinate – Jackson rushed to his classroom – ind. – he pulled out his books – ind. The JV boys will play at the American Airlines Arena, and the students will be able to attend so that they can cheer them on.