2 Remember that a CLAUSE is: A group of words in a sentence that contains BOTH a SUBJECT and a PREDICATE.
3 Two types of Clauses are: SubordinateIndependent
4 Subordinate ClausesSubordinate clauses have a subject and a predicate, but they cannot stand alone.Ex:Before we go to the storeBecause it is a mess!Since we didn’t do our homework
5 Subordinating Conjunctions (AAAWWUBBIS) Subordinating Conjunctions are the special words attached to clauses that cause them to need another clause (to be subordinate).5
6 AAAWWUBBIS After Although As When While Until Because Before If Since 6
7 Relative PronounsWords that ACT like AAAWWUBBIS’ because they make a clause subordinate.Who, whom, whose, that, whichWe like the teacher who lets us eat in class.7
8 Examples: If you don’t eat, you’ll be grumpy. Since Monday is a holiday, you can sleep in.Since Monday, you have been sleeping.We ate inside because it was raining.I’ll wait to get my new shoes until I have the money.8
9 Check Your Answers If you don’t eat, you’ll be grumpy. Since Monday is a holiday, you can sleep in.Since Monday, you have been sleeping.We ate outside because it was raining.I’ll wait to get my new shoes until I can afford them.9
10 Independent ClausesAre clauses that CAN stand alone (which means they are complete sentences).EX-let’s make a grocery listclean your roomwe can’t play outside
11 Comma Rule #1When a subordinate clause comes first in a sentence (and is followed by an independent clause), it must be separated by a COMMABecause it was raining, the party was cancelled.11
12 Label the Subordinate and independent clauses (SC/IC) Let’s make a grocery list before we go to the store.Clean your room because it’s a mess.We can’t play outside since we didn’t do our homework.
13 IC SCLet’s make a grocery list before we go to the store.IC SCClean your room because I told you to.IC SCWe can’t play outside since we didn’t do our homework.
14 HOMEWORK:Write ten sentences that contain one dependent clause and one independent clause each!Label the clauses!