Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

A Generation of Reformers

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "A Generation of Reformers"— Presentation transcript:

1 A Generation of Reformers
Early 1890’s

2 America’s Growth Cities grew larger Larger businesses
Untouchable wealth Bigger problems Housing Food Corruption Crime

3 Progressives Looked to government to solve problems
Believed in efficient government It could protect public interest Restore order in society Believed experts could solve the problems of the society

4 Education College enrollment way up Lester Ward
(10 fold increase from 1870 to 1920) New departments (economics, political science, sociology) analyzing human society Lester Ward Applied scientific method to human problems Argued that people can change their social environments – with the help of government

5 Muckrakers Writers Long investigative articles on
Interested in challenging the powerful Long investigative articles on Exploitation of child labor by wealthy corporations Police corruption Prestigious churches

6 Ida Tarbell Famous Muckraker
Wrote a series on the rise of the Standard Oil Company Exposed methods used to crush competition (including Tarbell’s father) SOC was owned by John D. Rockefeller

7 Upton Sinclair A novelist Wrote The Jungle
About immigrant workers in the meat packing industry People reacted to Sinclair’s graphic portrayal of unsanitary conditions not the mistreatment of workers “I aimed at the public’s heart, and by accident I hit it in the stomach.” – Sinclair

8 Religious Reformers Social gospel movement Walter Rauschenbush
Emphasized role of the church in improving life on Earth peoples lives Walter Rauschenbush Minister Became a pastor in New York’s Hell’s Kitchen Believed that economic competition and social conditions caused the ills in society, not an individual’s personal depravity

9 Activists Concerned Women National Consumers League
Florence Kelley – a well known activist who rallied against child labor National Consumers League Mostly middle and upper-class women concerned about child labor Supported settlement houses (best known was Jane Adams’ Hull House) Institutions providing services to the poor By the early 1920’s, almost 1 million women had joined clubs promoting the arts, education, and community health. Right to vote for women

10 African American Activists
Not accepted within the mainstream progressive movement Antilynching movement Ida B. Wells one of the best known antilynching leaders NAACP founded in 1909 National Urban League in 1910 Fought against racial oppression

Download ppt "A Generation of Reformers"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google