Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Unfair? People in Britain were paying higher taxes than colonists.People in Britain were paying higher taxes than colonists. –This imbalance seemed unfair.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Unfair? People in Britain were paying higher taxes than colonists.People in Britain were paying higher taxes than colonists. –This imbalance seemed unfair."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Unfair? People in Britain were paying higher taxes than colonists.People in Britain were paying higher taxes than colonists. –This imbalance seemed unfair to those in Europe. –They assumed the war was fought mostly for the colonists. –Therefore, they wanted the colonists to pay for the war. Britain doubled its national debtBritain doubled its national debt Who’s going to pay for the war?...ColoniesWho’s going to pay for the war?...Colonies –How?...TAXES!

3 Quartering Act Required colonists to provide housing and supplies for the British troops stationed there after the war.Required colonists to provide housing and supplies for the British troops stationed there after the war. They complained a lot but most went along with it.They complained a lot but most went along with it. –They assumed Parliament had the right to regulate trade and provide for defense. Sugar Act Merchants were becoming wealthyMerchants were becoming wealthy Smuggling or bribing officials to avoid taxes on imports.Smuggling or bribing officials to avoid taxes on imports. George Grenville assigned customs officers and created courts to collect the taxes and prosecute smugglers.George Grenville assigned customs officers and created courts to collect the taxes and prosecute smugglers. Grenville hoped that the act would encourage colonists to pay the tax.Grenville hoped that the act would encourage colonists to pay the tax.

4 Stamp Act A tax law requiring colonists to purchase special stamped paper for printed items, legal documents, licenses, newspapers, pamphlets, land deeds, books, and almanacsA tax law requiring colonists to purchase special stamped paper for printed items, legal documents, licenses, newspapers, pamphlets, land deeds, books, and almanacs This is the first time Parliament had imposed a direct tax within the colonies.This is the first time Parliament had imposed a direct tax within the colonies. Colonies and no representatives in Congress to argue their case for them.Colonies and no representatives in Congress to argue their case for them.

5 3 Forms of Resistance 1.Intellectual protest –Writing pamphlets –Writing and giving speeches –Delivering sermons John Adams- prominent lawyer from MAJohn Adams- prominent lawyer from MA Enlightenment thinkersEnlightenment thinkers –John Locke –Life, Liberty, Property= natural rights –A good government should protect these rights and exist for the good of the people.

6 2. Violent Intimidation – Those who opposed the British taxes called themselves Patriots Sons of Liberty Boston SamuelSons of Liberty : a resistance group of Boston shopkeepers, artisans and laborers led by Samuel Adams –Harass stamp distributors, customs agents –Assaulted colonists who supported or helped to collect taxes. 3 Forms of Resistance

7 3. Economic Boycotts refused boycott –Merchants refused to import British manufactured goods (boycott) Grievances –Prepared a Declaration of Rights and Grievances NYCDelegates from 9 colonies met in NYC representationStamp Act Congress said that Parliament lacked the power to impose taxes without representation from the colonial assemblies 3 Forms of Resistance

8 Role of Women Daughters LibertyDaughters of Liberty –Created homespun cloth instead of buying Britain’s manufactured fabrics. spinning bees –Women organized “spinning bees” repealingThese combined efforts led to Parliament repealing the Stamp Act in 1766. –After the repeal, Parliament imposed different taxes.

9 Townshend Acts Boycott worked & Stamp Act removed Townshend ActsIn 1767, Townshend Acts are passed –Taxed lead, paint, glass, and 3 cent tax on tea –Station troops at major colonial ports to protect customs officers Colonists reaction Taxation without representation –“Taxation without representation” –Organize more boycotts of imported goods

10

11 Boston Massacre The presence of British soldiers in Boston’s streets filled the air with hostility. jobsCompetition for jobs paid work shipyards –between colonists and poorly paid soldiers who looked for extra work in local shipyards during off-duty hours.

12 March 5, 1770March 5, 1770 –A fist fight broke out over jobs mobCustomsA mob gathered in front of the Customs House and taunted the British guards. Colonists and several dockhands showed up and gun fire was heard. –Crispus Attucks –Crispus Attucks and 4 other men were dead, 6 were wounded Samuel Adams MassacreSamuel Adams gave the name of “Boston Massacre” defenseless –This name showed that the British attacked defenseless citizens.

13 Paul ReverePaul Revere Significant differences from the actual event…Can YOU find some differences ? Write down 3 things you think are wrong!Significant differences from the actual event…Can YOU find some differences ? Write down 3 things you think are wrong!


Download ppt "Unfair? People in Britain were paying higher taxes than colonists.People in Britain were paying higher taxes than colonists. –This imbalance seemed unfair."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google