2 AlcoholThe drug found in wine, beer and liquor that causes intoxicationConsidered a drug because it alters a persons physical and emotional stateIntoxicationPhysical and mental changes produced by drinkingAKA: drunk, hammered, sloshed…
3 Short Term Effects Irritates mouth, throat, esophagus and stomach Heart must work harderBody looses heatLiver works harderCauses dehydration
4 Long Term Effects Damage to Body Damage to Brain Damage heart- irregular heart beat, hypertensionDamage to liverCirrhosisDisease that replaces healthy liver tissue with scar tissueDamage to BrainDehydration and lack of oxygen causes cell deathDementia- decrease brain functionLoss of brain function
5 Effects on Mind Slows down nervous system 1-2 drinks 2+ drinks Talkative and relaxed2+ drinksLoose ability to make good decisionsMultiple DrinksSlurs speech, coordination, mood swings
6 Blood Alcohol Concentration BACAmount of alcohol in a person’s blood as a percentageDriving Limits.08 legal limit (DUI).02 has ability to influence drivingBuzzed driving is drunk driving!
7 Alcohol Breakdown Liver can break down 0.4 oz of alcohol in 1 hr How long will it take to break down a 1.5 oz serving of liquor containing 40% alcohol?40% = 0.41.5 x 0.4 = 0.6 oz of alcohol in one drink= 1 hr1.5 hrs to completely breakdown the drink
8 Alcohol Breakdown Example: How long will it take to break down (3) 12 oz. cans of beer with 4.2% of alcohol content?How long will it take to break down a (2) 5 oz. glasses of red wine containing 12% alcohol
9 Family and Society Alcohol Abuse Binge Drinking Alcoholism Stages Drinking too much alcohol habituallyBinge DrinkingHeavy episode of drinkingAlcoholismLose control of drinking behaviorStagesProblem drinkingToleranceDependence
10 Alcohol & Pregnancy Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Set of physical and mental defects that affect the fetus because of consumptionFAS is the leading preventable cause of mental retardation in our country
11 Drinking and DrivingSlows reaction time Affects vision Reduces coordination Affects judgement 513,000 people in the US are injured in alcohol-related car crashes every year 3 in 10 will be involved in a alcohol-related crash
12 GET HOME SAFE Don’t drink Plan ahead Arrange someone to pick you up Designated driver“DD”Arrange someone to pick you upCall a cab
13 Drink Count? How many drinks have you had today? How long do you need to wait before the alcohol is completely out of your system?Are you safe to drive?