Presentation on theme: "Other Civil Rights Movements WomenLatinos Native Americans Disabled Americans."— Presentation transcript:
Other Civil Rights Movements WomenLatinos Native Americans Disabled Americans
Women’s Rights 1963- Betty Friedan wrote the Feminine Mystique, a book arguing that society had forced American women out of the job market and back into the home after WWII. She argued that many women wanted to be a part of the work force, and more job opportunities should be available for women.
Women’s Rights Continued Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 barred job discrimination on the basis of sex as well as race. Equal Opportunity Act of 1972 required employers to pay equal wages for equal work. Title IX gave female college athletes the right to the same financial support as male athletes.
Roe v. Wade In 1973, the Supreme Court ruled that a woman’s right to terminate a pregnancy is constitutionally protected. The Supreme Court determined that states could only limit abortion after the first six months of pregnancy.
Vocabulary Feminism- refers to the belief that women should have the same economic, social, and political rights as men. Sexism- refers to the beliefs or practices that discriminate against a person on the basis of sex. Glass Ceiling- was used to describe a mid-level position to which women might be promoted in many jobs, allowing the women to see the upper level paying jobs that were only held by men.
Affirmative Action Affirmative Action- means taking positive steps to eliminate the effects of past discrimination in hiring and in college admissions. In practice, it often meant giving preference to members of minority groups when hiring or accepting applicants to schools.
Equal Rights for Latinos In the 1960’s, many Latinos were employed as farm workers. They faced problems of discrimination, poor pay, and hazardous working conditions. In 1962, a man named Cesar Chavez emerged as a labor leader starting a union for migrant farm workers, this union became the United Farm Workers.
Native Americans Conditions remained poor for Native Americans. The majority were well under the poverty level, with alcoholism and suicide rates being the highest of any ethnic group in the United States. Different groups inspired by the African American movement demanded “Red Power” and formed the American Indian Movement in order to take greater responsibility in decisions that effected their lives.
County of Oneida v. Oneida Indian Nation of New York State The Supreme Court ruled that Native Americans had the right to sue to enforce their original land rights. They ruled that New York States purchase of 872 acres from the Oneida Indians in 1795 was illegal because it was neither witnessed by Federal agents or approved by Congress.
Disabled Americans President Kennedy backed the establishment of the Special Olympics. The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 barred discrimination against people with disabilities in any program, activity, or facility that was supported by federal funds. The Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 ensured a free appropriate education for children with disabilities.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 Prohibited discrimination in employment, public accommodations, state and local government services, and telecommunications. Benefits of this act included greater accessibility to public buildings and transportation.