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Name:

Understanding Gravity ____________ is the force of attraction between objects due to their masses. The force of gravity can affect the __________ of an object or the ___________ of the object’s motion. All ______________ has mass Earth has a huge ___________. Earth’s _____________________ pulls everything toward the center of Earth. gravity position direction matter mass gravitational force

What is Gravity?

Fill in the Blank _______________ is the pull towards the center of the Earth. Gravity is actually an attractive ___________ that acts between any ____________ objects. The greater the ____________ of an object, the greater its gravitational _________________. attractionforce gravity masstwo

Check for Understanding Name the 2 essential questions people asked for thousands of years. What was the name of the scientist that realized that the same unbalanced force affected the motions of the apple and the moon? What is the name of the law that describes the relationship between gravitational force, mass, and distance?

True/False Objects of any size exert a gravitational force. The moon is held in its orbit by unbalanced forces. If you traveled to Jupiter and you neither gained or lost mass, your weight on Jupiter would be much greater than your weight on Earth.

Falling Objects

Answer True or False Newton had ideas about falling objects in the 1500’s. Two objects that are the same size with different masses will hit the ground at the same time when dropped. Objects gain speed at the same rate. If you drop a sheet of paper and a crumpled paper at the same time, they hit the ground at the same time. Objects in a sweeper will fall at the same rate. Objects that fall toward Earth accelerate at 9.8 m/s.

The Law of Universal Gravitation

Answer the following questions. What 2 things does the force of gravity depend on? What holds everything on Earth? What do all planets in the solar system revolve around? The greater the _______ of an object, the greater its gravitational pull.

Gravity

Fill in the Blank _________ is directly related to gravity. The gravitational pull on the _________ is _________ than that on Earth. An object dropped on Earth increases its _________ by 9.8m/s/s. Weight is equal to mass times ______________. gravitylessspeedweight moon

Weight vs. Mass

Use weight or mass to answer the questions. Is the amount of gravitational pull on an object. Is the measure of the amount of matter in an object. Is measured by using a balance scale. Is measured with a spring scale. Is different depending on where it is measure. Is never changing no matter where it is measured

QUESTIONS Why must you exert a force to pick up an object? How does mass affect gravitational force? How is gravitational force related to the weight of an object?

QUESTIONS CONTINUED What is the difference between mass and weight? What must you know in order to calculate the gravitational force between two objects? Where would you weigh the most, on a boat, on the space shuttle, or on the moon?

REVIEW _________ opposes motion between surfaces that are touching. The _________ is the unit of force. _________ is determined by combining forces. Acceleration is the rate at which ____________ changes. ____________ is a measure of the gravitational force on an object. newtonfrictionweightvelocitynet force

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