3 Different Types of Sources Primary sources are print materials that have been edited and reviewed by a reputable publisherThese can include encyclopedias, biographies, or scholarly journalsSecondary sources are usually non-print materials that have not been reviewed by a reputable companyThese can include websites and blogs
4 Alphabetizing- used in all print reference sources Words are arranged from the letters A – Z in the alphabetWhen using a person’s name, always use the last name to look up the entryWhen 2 words begin with the same letter, the second letter is used to decide which will go first; if the second letter is also the same, use the third letter, and so on.
5 Sections of a bookTitle page - displays the book’s title, the author’s name, the edition, the copyright, the publishing company, and place of publicationTable of Contents – lists all parts of the book, chapter titles, and page numbersGlossary – dictionary at the end of the bookIndex – lists of topics and heading discussed in the book; found at the end of the book and arranged alphabetically
6 EncyclopediaA reference material containing articles on a variety of subjects, such as people, historical events, science, and technology.Articles are arranged alphabetically in volumesSpecialized encyclopedias on art, music, law, and literature are also available in libraries
7 Using the Internet for Research Unless using a document found on the web as a primary source, never use the internet first.Verify any facts you use from the internet unless using an informational database, such as Britannica.com
8 Dewey Decimal SystemLibraries use this system to organize books and make them easy to find. The numbering system is divided into the 10 categories listed below:General Works SciencePhilosophy TechnologyReligion ArtsSocial Sciences LiteratureLanguages History
9 Tips for questions about reference sources Skim through the reference materialRead the reference source 2 or 3 timesRead the question carefullyScan the reference source to find your answerConfirm your answer by reviewing the evidence in the source
10 Choosing the right reference source For a brief report on a specific subject, choose an encyclopediaTo locate a book on a particular topic, use the card catalog and Dewey Decimal SystemUse the internet responsibly and only AFTER you have used an encyclopedia