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Using and Choosing Reference Sources

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Presentation on theme: "Using and Choosing Reference Sources"— Presentation transcript:

1 Using and Choosing Reference Sources

2 Reference Source Examples
Encyclopedia- primary source Biographies or Informational Books- primary source The Internet- secondary source

3 Different Types of Sources
Primary sources are print materials that have been edited and reviewed by a reputable publisher These can include encyclopedias, biographies, or scholarly journals Secondary sources are usually non-print materials that have not been reviewed by a reputable company These can include websites and blogs

4 Alphabetizing- used in all print reference sources
Words are arranged from the letters A – Z in the alphabet When using a person’s name, always use the last name to look up the entry When 2 words begin with the same letter, the second letter is used to decide which will go first; if the second letter is also the same, use the third letter, and so on.

5 Sections of a book Title page - displays the book’s title, the author’s name, the edition, the copyright, the publishing company, and place of publication Table of Contents – lists all parts of the book, chapter titles, and page numbers Glossary – dictionary at the end of the book Index – lists of topics and heading discussed in the book; found at the end of the book and arranged alphabetically

6 Encyclopedia A reference material containing articles on a variety of subjects, such as people, historical events, science, and technology. Articles are arranged alphabetically in volumes Specialized encyclopedias on art, music, law, and literature are also available in libraries

7 Using the Internet for Research
Unless using a document found on the web as a primary source, never use the internet first. Verify any facts you use from the internet unless using an informational database, such as

8 Dewey Decimal System Libraries use this system to organize books and make them easy to find. The numbering system is divided into the 10 categories listed below: General Works Science Philosophy Technology Religion Arts Social Sciences Literature Languages History

9 Tips for questions about reference sources
Skim through the reference material Read the reference source 2 or 3 times Read the question carefully Scan the reference source to find your answer Confirm your answer by reviewing the evidence in the source

10 Choosing the right reference source
For a brief report on a specific subject, choose an encyclopedia To locate a book on a particular topic, use the card catalog and Dewey Decimal System Use the internet responsibly and only AFTER you have used an encyclopedia

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