Presentation on theme: "Existentialism The abridged version!. The History of Existentialism Chief spokesman: Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, Simon de Beauvoir All French writers."— Presentation transcript:
The History of Existentialism Chief spokesman: Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, Simon de Beauvoir All French writers involved in the Resistance during Nazi occupied France in WWII. Found strength in the human spirit under the worst situations
Major Themes of Existentialism: Existence Before Essence: a man lives, or merely exists, but he must find his essence. Every mans experience of life is unique, and different from anyone elses and can be understood only in terms each persons involvement in life.
Who am I? Existentialist question: Who am I? Reason alone cannot deal with the depths of human life (life is absurd). Focus almost exclusively on the individual, not on social responsibility towards society or state Believe that life is difficult, but the individual must create value by living it (find their essence!) Existential choices and values are primarily demonstrated in ACT. (our actions define us)
More Existentialist Themes: Alienation from God, from nature, from other people and from ones own true self. Freedom: freedom means human autonomy (independence). Freedom from societal rules, conformity, religion, government etc…
The Anti-hero In literature and film, an anti-hero is a central or supporting character that has some of the personality flaws traditionally assigned to villains but nonetheless also has enough heroic qualities or intentions to gain the sympathy of readers or viewers. Anti-heroes can be awkward, obnoxious, passive, pitiful, or obtuse; but they are always, in some fundamental way, flawed or failed heroes.... en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti_hero en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti_hero
"I am existentialist. For me only two things matter - freedom and passion." Shintaro Ishihara Who Am I?