Career Education Sector Growth 2% of Higher Education 1995 8% of Higher Education 2007 The College Board October 2007
Accessibility 40% of college freshmen need remedial work Affordability Increased need-based aid and simpler applications Accountability Voluntary reporting of cost, quality and outcomes Accreditation What is the role, function and future of accreditation Articulation When and how should credits be transferred?
EDUCATIONALOUTCOMES Measuring Student Achievement Accrediting Agencies State Regulatory Agencies College & University Affiliate Groups
Whats Happening in the Career College Sector? in the Career College Sector? End of hyper-growth in the sector Lead cost growing Lead cost growing Market expansion has peaked Market expansion has peaked Tuition increases under scrutiny Tuition increases under scrutiny Transparency for all of higher education Transparency for all of higher education Non-profits and public institutions are getting Non-profits and public institutions are getting better at marketing better at marketing Bricks and clicks, here come the big publics Bricks and clicks, here come the big publics
Sector Challenges: High employment No new technology No new technology No new societal trend No new societal trend New student behaviors New student behaviors Tuition growth beyond funding available Tuition growth beyond funding available
419,000,000 Americans in 2050 Census Bureau Projects Tripling of Hispanic and Asian Populations in 50 Years Non-Hispanic Whites May Drop to Half of Total Population 419,000,000 Americans in 2050 Census Bureau Projects Tripling of Hispanic and Asian Populations in 50 Years Non-Hispanic Whites May Drop to Half of Total Population
Immigration patterns have changed dramatically over the past 100 years. New immigrants to the U.S. are quite diverse with respect to their country of origin. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 1820–19401951–601971–801991-96 Years Proportions Asia Central/South America Canada Europe Australia and New Zealand Africa
Why Go To College Greatest Changes: To make more money 49.9% in 1976 64.9% in 1985 69.0% in 2006 To prepare for graduate/ professional school 34.9% in 1971 57.7% in 2006
Higher Education System Failure: System Failure: Education for the Rich Three-quarters of students at top colleges come from the Top socioeconomic quartile, with only one-tenth from the Poorer half and 3 percent from the bottom quartile. The Century Foundation, 2004
Higher Education System Failure: System Failure: Community Colleges: High Hopes & Harsh Realities The reality is that less than a third of students who hope to earn a credential from a community college or transfer to a four-year college or university actually do so. Community College Week May 7, 2007
Trends That Are Impacting Higher Education Growing Gender Gap Growing Gender Gap 2002 – Women made up 57 percent of the nations 16.6 million students Between 2002 and 2014: Male enrollment is projected to increase 12 percent Female enrollment is projected to increase 21 percent Total enrollment is projected to increase 17 percent to total 19.5 million Inside Higher Ed 9/12/05
First Generation College Students Students Lower perceived level of family support Lower perceived level of family support Lower level of importance of college Lower level of importance of college Less knowledge of college environment Less knowledge of college environment & college values & college values
First Generation College Students Students College Culture Shock The Double Assignment The Double Assignment Conflict between core family values & Conflict between core family values & College upwardly mobile values 75% of student leave institutes because they do not feel socially integrated. they do not feel socially integrated.
Attitudes,Values, & Behaviors Acquired in the process of higher education maybe more valuable than book learning.
Parental Encouragement Best predictor of Post-Secondary Aspirations For all students First generation students are more than twice as likely than non-first-generation students to leave four-year institutions non-first-generation students to leave four-year institutions before the second year before the second year.
High School Curriculum Best predictor of Post-SecondarySuccess For all students Persistence in college is directly related to the rigor of high school curriculum
High School Grades Better indicator of future college success than SAT scores There is a high correlation between SAT scores and socioeconomic status
Postsecondary Access, Persistence, and Attainment First Generation College Students Postsecondary Access, Persistence, and Attainment Over estimate the cost and selectivity of postsecondary education Fail to fully utilize the financial aid available Require more assistance in the enrollment process Need small classes and one-to-one instruction Succeed best when given short term goals Require assistance in Visualizing Success & Integrating Experience Visualizing Success & Integrating Experience
The Success Experience Student Engagement Engagement is critical is critical The Gallup Poll
The Success Experience Student Engagement Engagement is critical is critical More than 70% of the U.S. workforce are not engaged in their jobs. Students can not be more engaged with the institution than the faculty and staff. The Gallup Poll
The Success Experience Student Engagement Engagement is critical is critical Creating a sense of belonging drives critical outcomes such as student engagement, retention, learning outcomes, and graduation rates The Gallup Poll
Students Know… Its all about:CultureStructureCaring
The only real measure of career education is: Positive Positive Student Student Outcomes Outcomes