2 Vocabulary Compass Rose Physical Map Political Map Prime Meridian Equator Longitude Latitude Legend
3 What is a map? *Point to a map in the room or find one in your book A map is a way for us to see what the world looks like. It is a method that geographers use to locate different things and to help us find our way from one place to another. Maps are used to help us to represent a place. It allows us to look at the location and surrounding area and environment of a place.
4 What is a Physical Map? A physical map is a map that illustrates the physical features of an area, such as the mountains, rivers and lakes. The water is usually shown in blue. Colors are used to show relief—differences in land elevations. Green is typically used at lower elevations, and orange or brown indicate higher elevations.
5 What is a Political Map? A political map do not show physical features. Instead, they indicate state and national boundaries and capital and major cities. A capital city is usually marked with a star within a circle.
6 WHAT KIND OF MAP IS THIS? Note: If a legend is provided on map, it usually identifies what kind of map is being shown. For instance the one in our book.
7 What is legend? The legend, or key, can be used to understand the symbols included on the map. Symbols such as lines, colors, or pictures are often used in maps to represent geographical features, such as lakes, rivers, or mountains. They can also be used to represent borders between countries, cities, capitals, and other manmade landmarks. http://www.learner.org/interactives/historymap/sea.html
8 What is a Compass Rose? A tool on a map that helps show direction. North, East, South, West (Northeast, Southeast, Southwest, Northwest) N ever E at S oggy W affles http://www.bbc.co.uk/apps/ifl/scotland/education/sy sm/landscapes/highlands_islands/quizzes/compas s/quizengine?quiz=compass#focus
9 Let’s Practice Take out your compass rose and fill in the missing directions. Now let’s practice using it on a map.
10 Longitude or Latitude? What is longitude on a map? How to remember how it looks. Lines go up and down. It is going the long; like a girl’s long hair up and down What is latitude on a map? How to remember how it looks. Lines are from left to right on a globe or world map. Lat rhymes with fat; which these are lines going the across
12 Prime Meridian Or Equator? The Equator is 0 degree latitude. This imaginary line, which runs through parts of South America, Africa, and Asia, is officially the halfway point between the North Pole and the South Pole. The Prime Meridian is 0 degrees longitude. This imaginary line runs through the United Kingdom, France, Spain, western Africa, and Antarctica.