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Fiction A made up story Can tell about things that could happen Is read for fun Characters may be like real people or imaginary Non-Fiction Has facts.

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Presentation on theme: "Fiction A made up story Can tell about things that could happen Is read for fun Characters may be like real people or imaginary Non-Fiction Has facts."— Presentation transcript:



3 Fiction A made up story Can tell about things that could happen Is read for fun Characters may be like real people or imaginary Non-Fiction Has facts that can be checked and proven The author is an expert on this information.

4 Story is true and factual Stories are about real people Book gives information Might have maps or real pictures Pictures have captions describing the photograph An index in the back helps find information Might have a glossary which defines some words

5 Text that is TRUE and based on REAL information. Forms of Non-Fiction Text: NewspapersDictionaries EncyclopediasScholastic News TextbooksMagazines Non-Fiction Books

6 Nonfiction often conveys a central idea supported by details. Central Idea Detail

7 Two broad categories of nonfiction are literary nonfiction and functional texts. 1) Literary Nonfiction: has elements of fiction. For example, it might use vivid descriptions, a dramatic writing style, or poetic language. 2) Functional Texts: give instructions, show directions, explain rules, provide other information that helps you complete procedures; often use illustrations or graphics.

8 Autobiographies and memoirs: tell the story of the author’s life Biographies: tell the story of someone’s life from the perspective of another writer Letters: written communications from person to person Essays and Articles: brief works about a specific topic Reviews: tell what is good and what is bad about a work of art or performance. Reports: give information about a topic explored through research

9 Recipes: tell how to prepare food Directions: tell how to operate or assemble equipment Schedules: tell when events take place Menus: tell which foods are available and their cost Brochures: use pictures and text to advertise places or events Maps: are diagrams that show areas of land Applications: are written requests to an authority

10 Table of Contents Glossary Index Headings Bold Print Photographs/Real Pictures Charts, Graphs, and Maps Captions Fact and Opinion

11 It tells you what is in the book It tells you the heading and the page number It is found in the front Table of Contents What is Fiction? Page 1 What is Non-Fiction? Page 3 Features of Non-Fiction Page 5 Forms of Non-Fiction Page 10 On which page can learn about the Features of Non-Fiction?

12 It gives you a word and its definition It is in alphabetical order The important words are in bold print Usually found in the back of the text Glossary

13 A list in alphabetical order of common important words or topics with page numbers Found in the back of the text True or False: Topics found in the index can appear on more than one page in the text.

14 They tell us what the new topic is about Found at the top of the page or at the beginning of a new topic

15 The print will be thicker and darker than other words Found throughout the text “This is a presentation on the features of fiction and non-fiction. If this were a non- fiction book, you could go to the Glossary to find the meanings of the words that are in Bold Print.” Which of the following words in the above paragraph are in bold print? a. fiction b. feature c. Glossary

16 They are real pictures or photographs, not drawings or cartoons. Found throughout the text

17 Illustrations of important information Found throughout the text

18 A caption explains what a picture, chart, graph, or map is about. Captions are found near a picture, chart, graph, or maps This is an image of a monarch caterpillar taken at a butterfly garden in Florida. Example of a caption:

19 A fact is a true statement. An opinion is something that someone thinks. Fact or opinion? Mrs. Smith’s room is prettier than Mrs. Jackson’s room.

20 Story is created from the author’s imagination Stories are pretend Animals or objects can talk, wear clothes, have jobs People in the story can do things people cannot really do Story might have funny pictures

21 There are three main forms of fiction. 1) Novel: long work of fiction; contains the basic elements of fiction; may contain subplots along with the main plot Subplots: independent related stories 2) Novella: shorter than a novel but longer than a short story 3) Short Story: brief work of fiction; contains basic elements of fiction; one main plot; one conflict; most can be read in one sitting

22 Picture books Chapter books Comics Story books

23 Mystery (Nancy Drew) Horror (Goosebumps) Fantasy (Harry Potter) Science-fiction (Star Wars) Myths, Fairytales, Legends (Cinderella) Historical Fiction (Gone with the Wind)

24 Setting Character Plot Point of View Theme Symbolism Other

25  a mouse that sings  how to cook spaghetti  the life of the president of the United States  a person who can jump over a house  flowers that sing  an elephant that wears a ballerina tutu  wild animals that live in Africa  the surface of the moon  a dog that can talk  how to grow a garden  a moose that can drive a bus  how the heart pumps blood in the body  a tree made of chocolate and gumdrops  which foods are healthy to eat  how to draw a bird  a snowman that comes to life

26 the time, place and period in which the action takes place. The Bean Trees: Arizona/Oklahoma 1980s. The Catcher in the Rye:New York, 1940s Lord of the Flies: deserted island, the future.

27 Details that describe: Furniture Furniture Scenery Scenery Customs Customs Transportation Transportation Clothing Clothing Dialects Dialects Weather Weather Time Time of day of year Time and place are where the action occurs






33 Select a number 1-5 1) Haunted House 2) Lovinggood Middle School 3) Walmart 4) Your house 5) Mrs. Hahn’s classroom Write one paragraph describing your setting. Please be specific.

34 The people, animals, or things in the story. Every story needs characters.



37  Physical appearance of character  Personality  Background/personal history  Motivation  Relationships  Conflict  Does character change? (Dynamic/Static) Character Traits HonestMean LoyalRude KindGrumpy HappyAngry PatientSelfish Bossy Silly Shy

38 Select a number 1-5 1. You 2. Sponge Bob 3. Taylor Swift 4. Tom Brady 5. Minnie Mouse Write three sentences describing your character. (Character traits)

39 “That rotten wolf tried to eat us!!!!” “I was framed! I just wanted to borrow a cup of sugar!”

40 In fictional writing, the narrator's position in relation to the story being told. "this story is told from a child's point of view" 1. First person point of view involves the use of either of the two pronouns “I” and “we”. Example: “I felt like I was getting drowned with shame and disgrace.” 2. Second person point of view employs the pronoun “you”. “Sometimes you cannot clearly discern between anger and frustration.” 3. Third person point of view uses pronouns like “he”, “she”, “it”, “they” or a name. “Mr. Stewart is an honorable man. He acts by the book and never lets you deceive him easily.”


42 The theme of a piece of fiction is its message about life. It usually contains some insight into the human condition. In most short stories, the theme can be expressed in a single sentence. In longer works of fiction, the central theme is often accompanied by a number of lesser, related themes, or there may be two or more central themes. Examples: “Money can’t buy happiness.” “Don’t judge a book by its cover.”

43 A speaker or a character who tells a story. The narrator’s perspective is the way he or she sees things.

44 the dog is the narrator? Write 2 sentences as the dog.

45 A symbol represents an idea, quality, or concept larger than itself. A Journey can symbolize life. Black can represent evil or death. Water may represent a new beginning. A lion could be a symbol of courage.

46 Dialogue is a conversation between two or more characters. “Where’s teacher?” “She’ll be back.” “She’d better hurry, we’ll miss it!” From “All Summer in a Day” by Ray Bradbury

47 Create a story using your setting and character. Make sure to tell the story from the perspective of the name you selected for point of view.

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