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People and Empires in the Americas 900 - 1500
North American Indians adapted to their environments 1. Ex: North west coast –Rich resources led to large population –Food from the sea and forest
Ex: Indians of the Southwest lived in a desert environment Irrigation Pottery Cliff dwellings
Common Features of North American Indians 1. Trading networks 2. Religion - nature spirits - for some, a Great Spirit -respect for the land
Common Features of North American Indians 3. Extended families -- the basis for social organization.
The Mayan Civilization - Yucatan Peninsula -built great urban centers – independent city states -giant pyramids, temples, palaces
The Mayan Civilization Religion influenced most of Mayan life -worship included human sacrifice
The Mayan Civilization Religion led to the development -calendars -mathematics
The Mayan Civilization Developed a hieroglyphic form of written language.
Aztecs: -Central Mexico -built planned cities, pyramids. -inherited much from earlier cultures
Aztecs An empire based on military conquest and tribute Practiced human sacrifice – to keep the sun from falling from the sky
The Inca Empire 1438 - 1535 - west coast of South America - linked the empire with an extensive system of roads - in the high plateau of the Andes Mountains
The Inca Empire 1438 - 1535 - The Inca controlled all economic activity. - farmed on terraces in the Andes Mountains - kept records on a quipu
Civilizations Of The Americas (1400B.C.-A.D.1570)
North America Yucatan Peninsula South America Andes Mts.
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SSWH8 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the development of societies in Central and South America.
Mayan, Aztec, Inca 11a,b.
People and Empires in the Americas
The Inca Create a Mountain Empire. Western coast of South America From present-day Ecuador in north to Chile in South Andes Mountains Largest empire in.
Ancient American Civilizations A civilization can be defined as “an advanced culture.” Basic features of early civilizations included the building of cities,
CHAPTER 16 PEOPLES AND EMPIRES IN THE AMERICAS
16 People and Empires in the Americas, 900–1500
Chapter 1 section 1 The Earliest Americans How well did you take notes?
Essential Question: What led to the rise & fall of the Olmec, Mayan, Aztec, & Inca Empires in America? demonstrate understanding of the development of.
ANCIENT AMERICAN CIVILIZATIONS. MESOAMERICAN CIVILIZATIONS Highly advanced Complex writing systems Each civilization covered hundreds of miles Millions.
Civilizations of the Americas (1400 B.C.-A.D. 1570)
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