Frederick died on the way. Philip just went home before reaching Jerusalem. Richard I defeated the Muslims in many battles, but could not take Jerusalem. Finally, a treaty with Saladin allowed Christian pilgrimages to the city.
Many other Crusades followed. None ever secured complete Christian control over Palestine or Jerusalem. By now it was all about $$$. Now THIS is a Crusade!!
The 4th Crusade got a little off track and attacked Constantinople, weakening it for the Turks. Thanks buddy! Oops...
The other Crusades were not about religion, but they all used religion as an excuse to take other people’s stuff. Huh, huh. I’m touchin’ your stuff. He’s a moose
Effects of the Crusades in Europe: 1. More central authority and taxes. 2. Breakdown of feudal system. 3. Cultural diffusion. 4. Demand for spices from the East. 5. More artisans: shipbuilding, map making, armorers, bankers, etc…