2 What is migration? A permanent movement of people to a new location Leaving a rural area for an urban area (ex. Great Migration)Leaving an LDC for a MDC (Mexico to U.S.)Emigration- migration from a locationImmigration- migration to a location
3 Why do people migrate? Economic motives Cultural motives Jobs, jobs, jobs! (LDC’s to MDC’s, rural to urban)Cultural motivesPolitical instability/ persecution (genocide in Sudan, Pilgrims)Slavery (Africa to Americas)Environmental motivesLack/ abundance of resources (drought in Chad, Florida)Natural disasters (Hurricane Katrina)
5 Push vs. Pull Factors Push Factors Pull Factors Reasons that people leave a certain place.Ex.Lack of jobsWar/ violencePersecutionNatural disastersReasons that people are attracted to a new place.Ex.JobsPeaceStabilityEducationNatural beauty
6 Forced vs. Voluntary Migration Compelled to move by cultural factors.WarExilePersecutionSlaveryChoosing to move for economic improvement.JobsLifestyle
8 Types of Migration From one country to another. Inter-national MigrationInternal MigrationFrom one country to another.Usually from LDC to MDC.Mexico to U.S.A.Turkey to GermanyGuatemala to MexicoWithin a country.Illinois to CaliforniaMichigan to ChicagoChicago to Suburbs
13 Key VocabBrain DrainChain MigrationEducated people leave a place for a more desirable destination.Ex. Doctors might leave India to get pain more in the U.S.People migrate to a place to be with people (family, friends, ethnic) who have previously migrated to that place.