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© Boardworks Ltd 2010 1 of 15 The Systems Life Cycle.

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1 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 1 of 15 The Systems Life Cycle

2 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 2 of 15 Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Flash activity. These activities are not editable. Web addresses Icons key: For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation Functional Skills check Student task accompanies this slide Printable activity This lesson will cover: The life cycle of a system. The common stages in the design and implementation of a system. The need for an ongoing process of system design and refinement.

3 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 3 of 15 The systems life cycle How are new IT systems created? Many systems are created to solve a problem. The problem has to be identified first so a technological solution can be analysed and researched. Think of the IT systems in your school. What problems do they solve, or what processes do they improve?

4 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 4 of 15 Feasibility study A feasibility study is an assessment of the practicality of a proposed idea or solution. It might look at factors like: timecostsrequirementssecuritymaintenance. Feasibility studies can be conducted through different types of research. For example: studying similar systems interviews/questionnaires with users observations of existing systems/processes/procedures. Why are feasibility studies important?

5 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 5 of 15 General election 2010

6 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 6 of 15 Systems analysis Systems analysis is the process of understanding how systems work, in order to create better systems or make improvements to existing systems. Flow charts and data flow diagrams are useful tools in systems analysis as they allow us to see what is happening to information, data and users of a system. yes no Start Is somebody at the door? Open door Close door

7 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 7 of 15 Planning This will often involve creating success criteria for the project. Once a system has been analysed and a feasibility study conducted, the changes and improvements need to be designed and planned. What is the aim of the project? What needs to happen for the project to be deemed a success? What are the project constraints that must be met by the project? Ideas can then be discussed and reviewed until a final design and plan can be produced. Success criteria allow you to review and evaluate the project once it is complete.

8 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 8 of 15 Create a plan

9 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 9 of 15 Implementation Implementation refers to the execution of a plan. It is the stage in which a design is actualized. Unexpected problems can arise during the implementation process. This may require plans to be changed or the overall system be analysed again and redesigned. What aspects are important to monitor during the implementation stage?

10 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 10 of 15 Testing

11 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 11 of 15 British Airways

12 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 12 of 15 User training and documentation

13 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 13 of 15 Evaluation

14 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 14 of 15 Monitoring and maintenance Once a system is complete and being used, the work on it does not stop. The system will need to be monitored and it may also need regular maintenance to prevent crashes. Users may also encounter problems and bugs with the system over time. This can lead to a new analysis of a system and a new feasibility study for making the improvements. In this way the systems life cycle is an iterative review process, i.e. it is constantly repeating the entire process so improvements can be made.

15 © Boardworks Ltd 2010 15 of 15 Systems life cycle

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