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Constitutional Convention When: May-Sept. 1787 Where: Philadelphia, PA.

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Presentation on theme: "Constitutional Convention When: May-Sept. 1787 Where: Philadelphia, PA."— Presentation transcript:


2 Constitutional Convention When: May-Sept. 1787 Where: Philadelphia, PA

3 How many votes should each state get in the new national government (that is, Congress)? Main Controversy #1:

4 How many votes should each state get in the new Congress? Wanted vote based on population Wanted each state to have one vote Main Controversy #1: Big states Virginia Pennsylvania Massachusetts Small states Delaware Georgia Connecticut

5 Solution: Created a Congress with Two Parts (two “houses”) Part #1: The House of Representatives (based on population) Part #2: The Senate (2 votes per state)


7 Senate House of Representatives California Alaska 2 2 53 1

8 Should slavery be legal under the new government? Wanted to end slaveryWanted to allow the continuation of slavery Main Controversy #2: Northern statesSouthern states

9 “Solution”: Allowed Slavery to Continue Unchanged Regarding representation in Congress, a slave would count as 3/5 of a person Why did the northern states cave? To keep the new nation together

10 Okay, so in its simplest form, the Constitution boils down to this…..

11 The Preamble: We the people of the United States of America, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

12 Article I Article I: The Legislative Branch Creates bicameral Congress: --House of Representatives (based on population) --U.S. Senate (2 per state)

13 Article II Article II : The Executive Branch Creates a strong president Election through the Electoral College

14 What is the Electoral College? Method spelled out in the Constitution for how we elect the president “Popular vote” is indirectly, not directly used

15 Electoral College Game Each state has a “point” value (# of U.S. Representatives from that state + # of U.S. Senators from that state) Example: California Alabama 53 Representatives + 2 Senators = 55 Electoral Votes 7 Representatives + 2 Senators =9 Electoral Votes

16 Electoral College Game continued Whichever candidate gets more popular votes in a state gets ALL that state’s electoral votes (points) Whichever candidate gets 270 electoral votes (points) WINS!


18 2004 Electoral College Map Kerry (Blue)--251 Bush (Red)--286



21 Why did the Founding Fathers set it up this way? Poor Communication Mistrust of the people

22 Article III Article III: The Judicial Branch Creates Supreme Court and other federal courts

23 2 Ways the Constitution Divides Up Power Checks & Balances Federalism

24 “Checks & Balances” Triangle

25 “Checks & balances”

26 Federalism—Dividing Power Between National Govt and State Governments


28 Anti-Federalists Arguments Against the Constitution 1.Gives WAY too much power to national government 2.Too much emphasis on property rights, not enough on individual rights 3.Won’t work in such a large nation 4. It’s a dangerous experiment/never been tried 5. Power in the hands of a very few people

29 Ratification Federalists – James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay

30 Federalists Arguments in Favor of Constitution 1.Stronger central government needed to maintain order, stability 2.Built in checks and balances will prevent abuse of power 3.This plan of government will actually work better in a big country by not allowing one “faction” to take control

31 A “Bundle of Compromises” Ex. #1 - The “Great” Compromise

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