Presentation on theme: "American Foreign Policy"— Presentation transcript:
1 American Foreign Policy Instruments, Actors, and Policymakers
2 March 4, 2014Objectives: Students will be able to define foreign policy and give examples.Question: what is the difference between domestic and foreign policy?Agenda: Notes/Worksheet on Foreign Policy
3 Examples of Domestic Policy Issues List the 5 you think are most important Federal BudgetConstitutional RightsCrime and DrugsThe EconomyEducationHealth CareImmigrationPovertyMinorities
4 Foreign Policy Definitions Public policy: a choice that the government makes in response to a political issue. (terrorism)National interest: What is of benefit to the nation as a whole. (Dept. of Homeland Sec)Foreign policy: policy that involves government choices about the rest of the world. (We do not negotiate with terrorists)Superpower: a nation with nuclear weapons and able to project force anywhere on the globe. (US, Russia)Globalization: interdependence country-country
5 Examples of Foreign Policy DefenseDemocracy and Human RightsForeign AidThe Global EnvironmentInternational TradeWeapons ProliferationActivities in Regions of the World
6 March 5, 2014Objectives: Students will be able to explain the purpose of the World Bank, IMF, and WTO.Question: What is one of the goals of Foreign Policy?Agenda: Notes/Worksheet
7 Goals of Foreign Policy National SecurityWorld PeaceSelf- government (democracy)Free and Open TradeConcern for Humanity
8 I. Goal: National Security To remain free and independentTo be secure from unwanted foreign influenceIncludes the use of ambassadors and treatiesMilitaryCIACentral Intelligence AgencyFBIFederal Bureau of Investigations
9 II Goal: World Peace Promote peace and prevent conflicts Cooperation with governments of foreign nationsHelp save lives, money, and resources in foreign nationsGive aid to foreign nations
10 III Goal: Self Government /Democracy Encourage the growth of democracy in other nations and regionsFair elections, choices, individual freedoms
11 IV. Goal: Free TradeTrade arrangements where tariffs or other barriers to the free flow of goods and services are eliminated.The basic argument for free trade is based on the idea that each region should concentrate on what it can produce most cheaply and efficiently and should exchange its products for those it is less able to produce economically.
12 Questions-write a 2-3 sentence response for each To what extent should American foreign policy consider the national interest?To what extent should the US utilize military force to protect its economic interests?Does the US’s status as superpower allow us a greater latitude with regard to the use of military force?
13 Instruments of Foreign Policy MilitaryEconomicDiplomatic
14 Military InstrumentsThe United States has been involved in only a few full-scale wars. -Non Traditional-Terrorism (Stryker Brigade)Traditional v. Non-traditional war???In recent years: Iraq, Afghanistan, Somalia, etc.D.o.D., State Dept.
15 Economic InstrumentsTrade regulations, tariff policies, monetary policies-more effective than those of war. Trade Embargo with Cuba? WHY?Oil is powerful, important as the control of guns. Top 5 countriesCanadaMexicoNigeriaSaudi ArabiaVenezuela
16 Diplomatic Instruments Diplomacy=communicate and carry on relationships with each other.The US State Department is primarily responsible for executing the country’s diplomatic agenda. Sec of State?World coalitions v. With us or against us
17 Multinational Corporations (MNC’s) Account for more than one-tenth of the world economy. Wal-Mart, Google (China), Coca-ColaSometimes are wealthier and more powerful than the governments under which they operate.They often work to shape government policy on taxes, tariffs, and business regulations.
18 Finally…Individuals Individuals can be international actors. Tourists can greatly impact a nation’s economy.Students going to and from other nations can be carriers of ideas and ideologies.Immigrants and refugees can place new demands on public services.
19 Final 3What is Foreign Policy? Give an example of Military Foreign Policy
20 PolicymakersThe President is the main force behind international policy.He negotiates treaties (chief diplomat).He deploys troops (commander-in-chief)He appoints diplomats and heads of executive departments (with Senate consent)
21 The DiplomatsThe State Department is the foreign policy arm of the US Government.The Secretary of State has traditionally been the chief adviser to the President on foreign policy matters.
22 The National Security Establishment Department of Defense is a key foreign policy actor.Secretary of Defense is the key adviser on military policy. Robert GatesThe defense budget is larger than the entire budget of most nations. $534 billion-(total is $3 trillion)The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was created after WWII to coordinate intelligence and information gathering activities abroad.-Truman, 1947
23 CongressCongress has sole authority to declare war, raise and organize the armed forces, and “power of the purse.”Last declaration of war?Dec. 8, 1941How many declarations in our history?Ultimately, it’s Congress that writes the checks.
24 So…What does the US do? Lead the World to Democracy Protect US Global InterestsBuild a More Cooperative WorldProtect the US Homeland