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Greek City-States.

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Presentation on theme: "Greek City-States."— Presentation transcript:

1 Greek City-States

2 Polis

3 Polis: city-state basic political unit
Each polis was independent but shared characteristics: -Acropolis hill in center of polis; fortified; chief god -Agora public square at bottom of Acropolis where: laws passed politics/debate held merchants; artisans -Citizens could vote hold office land owner speak in court Before 500 BC only male landowners could vote and be citizens Only small percentage of Greeks were citizens

4 Acropolis of Athens

5 Agora of Athens The focus of political, commercial, administrative and social activity, the religious and cultural center, and the seat of justice.

6 Greek Colonies Needed colonies to provide grain
Each colony had a parent city Parent city could concentrate on exports (cash crops, pottery) More goods to sell meant more trading throughout Mediterranean Area

7 Political/Social Change
Aristocrats replaced kings as most powerful (700 BC) Disputes arose between common people and aristocrats (650 BC) Farmers needed loans -no repayment meant slavery; loss of land Farmers became good foot soldiers (phalanx) -more important than cavalry (aristocrats) Merchants/artisans joined with farmers Unrest led to tyranny (one person takes control) After 500 BC city-states became either an oligarchy (rule by wealthy -Sparta) or democracy (rule by citizens -Athens)

8 Phalanx

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