Presentation on theme: "Ch 3 Word Wall A Picture is worth 1000 words, But an explanation may have to do…"— Presentation transcript:
Ch 3 Word Wall A Picture is worth 1000 words, But an explanation may have to do…
Immigrants People moving into a country who plan to stay.
Ethnic Groups Members of an Ethnic Group have a common national, cultural, and racial background.
Values The general principles or beliefs people use to make judgments and decisions.
INSTITUTIONS! Institutions- are the key practices, relationships, and organizations in society. Example: The most important institution of the USA is the family.
POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY THE IDEA THAT THE GOVERNMENT RECEIVES THEIR POWER FROM THE PEOPLE.
CITIZENSHIP Citizenship is the rights and duties of a citizen
Civics Civics-Study of the duties and rights of a citizen.
Members of a community who owe loyalty to a government and in return have protection from that government Citizen
Government!!! The ruling authority for a community.
Naturalization A legal process to obtain citizenship One of the ways is to take a citizenship exam. If you qualify then you go to a special ceremony, and you are considered naturalized.
Aliens A foreigner who lives in the United States and doesn’t have citizenship Not this kind of alien
Refugee People who flee a country to escape danger from a foreign land.
Responsibilities As a citizen of the U.S, doing what should be done to help others.
Duties Americans have legal duties, set by the law.
TOLERANCE Tolerance is accepting and respecting others regardless of their differences in religion, race, and political matters.
Welfare The health, prosperity, and happiness of others
Volunteerism- n. The practice of offering your time and services without receiving any payment. Volunteerism WHY Is this IMPORTANT? Some people need help, But do not have the money to pay for it.
PUBLIC POLICY Decisions and actions government takes to fix the problems in the community.
Direct DemocracyDirect Democracy A system of government in which people govern themselves. Direct democracy is practical for countries with small populations, so that they make their own decisions.
Representative Democracy… A Representative Democracy is when the public decides to have a group of people represent them. The Representatives Jobs are to make laws on behalf of the people.
Constitutional Monarchy Monarchy is limited in which the power of the hereditary ruler is limited by the country's constitution and laws. In a modern monarchy rulers power is limited by the country’s constitutional laws.In a modern monarchy rulers power is limited by the country’s constitutional laws. In a constitutional monarchy, the monarch also shares power with a constitutionally organize government. In a constitutional monarchy, the monarch also shares power with a constitutionally organize government.
MAJORITY RULE Democracy works on the principle of majority rule. This means that when 2 candidates from different political parties participate in a free and fair election, the candidate that receives more than half the votes wins the election. This being said, majority rule favors the most citizens and everyone keeps their basic rights as equal members of society.
Authoritarian Regime (Aw-thahr-uh-tehr-ee-uhn) Power held by a person or a group which is inherited and not accountable to the people. OR
Totalitarianism In a totalitarian state, the government controls almost all aspects of life.
Oligarchy is governed by a few people with despotic power for corrupt or selfish purposes. Oligarchy
Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, Saddam Hussein, and Howell Raines are some famous autocratic leaders. AUTOCRACY A system of government in which a single person has absolute power, and can do whatever they want.
Socialism Socialism is a system in which society, either directly or indirectly through the government, controls all aspects of the economy.
Communism A one-party system of government based on the idea of state ownership and direction of property and industry. Karl Marx thought we should share and be fair so no one was in poverty. Karl Marx Soviet Russian Flag