2 The Missouri Compromise In 1819 eleven states in the Union permitted slavery and _________________ did not. The request by _____________ for admission as a state caused a debate because its constitution allowed slavery.The North and South had been competing for new lands in the western territories
3 Clay’s ProposalThe _____________________ suggested that Congress admit Missouri as a slave state and ______________ as a free state. The _______________________ passed in 1820.
4 New Western LandsThe territories of Texas, New Mexico, and _________________ renewed the dispute over the issue of slavery. The annexation of _________________ became the main issue in the presidential election of 1844.
5 Conflicting ViewsDuring the war with Mexico, the _________________ was proposed in Congress. It specified that slavery should be prohibited in any lands acquired from _________________. Senator ________________ countered, proposing that neither Congress nor a territorial government had the authority to ban _______________.
6 The Free Soil PartyThe ____________________ Party was formed when neither presidential candidate in 1848 would take a stand on slavery. The possibility of new states entering the Union renewed Southern concern over the balance of power in the _______________.“Free Soil, Free Speech, Free Labor, and Free Men.”
7 CaliforniaPresident Taylor had wanted California and New Mexico to apply for statehood immediately after being acquiredDoing so would have upset the balance of power in Congress.
8 A New CompromiseIn _________________ Senator Henry Clay presented a multi-part plan to settle the issues dividing Congress. This launched an emotional debate that lasted ___________.
9 The Compromise of 1850Finally, ________________ took charge of resolving the crisis. The laws that passed in Congress, known as the ________________, contained the five main points of Clay’s original plan.1. California would be admitted as a free state2. The New Mexico territory would have no restrictions on slavery3. The New Mexico-Texas border dispute would be settled in favor of New Mexico4. Slave trade would be abolished in the District of Colombia5. There would be a stronger fugitive slave law