# Ms. Hartsfield Physical Science Room 809

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Ms. Hartsfield Physical Science Room 809
CRCT Preparation Ms. Hartsfield Physical Science Room 809

CRCT Domains Structure of Matter 30% Force and Motion 30%
Energy and Its Transformation %

Resources Online Textbook: www.glencoe.com/ose Access Code: C91CBECB09
If you have difficulty connecting to the site contact Glencoe customer service on that website. Identify yourself as Ms. Hartsfield’s Science student at Cedar Grove Middle School. They will insure you get connected. If you have existing low grades or missing grades shown in Parent Assistant read the narrative for the details of the assignment. Complete the assignment and turn it in. NO LATE WORK will be accepted after Monday April 15. This CRCT Prep instruction will be posted on the Science Classroom Website Calendar. . Science – Your Dictionary:

Energy and Its Transformation
S8P2: Students will be familiar with the forms and transformations of energy S8P2b: Explain the relationship between potential and kinetic energy. S8P2c: Compare and contrast the different forms of energy (heat, light, electricity, mechanical motion, sound) and their characteristics.

Make Energy Flashcards (Word on one side, definition and illustration on the other) for the following vocabulary words: Temperature Specific Heat Chemical Energy Nonrenewable Resource Thermal Energy Thermal Pollution Radiant Energy Renewable Resource Heat Heat Engine Electrical Energy Alternative Resource Conduction Internal Combustion Engine Law of Conservation of Energy Inexhaustible Resource Radiation Energy Nuclear Energy Photovoltaic Convection Kinetic Energy Generator Conductor Potential Energy Turbine

What is Energy? What is Solar Radiation? What is Mechanical Energy?
Copy and paste the following URL in your browser and complete the following questions: What is Energy (Pages 1&2) What is the definition of energy? Potential & Kinetic Energy (Pages 1&2) In the example shown, what had to be done to the car to show the difference between potential and kinetic energy? How did the pendulum on page 2 show the difference between potential and kinetic energy? Forms of Energy (1-10) What is electricity according to the Energy Home website? What is Solar Radiation? What is Mechanical Energy? What types of matter are used to produce Nuclear Energy? Is it correct to say a system “contains” heat? Explain.

Energy Transformations
Energy Transformations (Pages 1&2) 1. What are the energy transformations shown in the toaster example. Law of Conservation of Energy (Pages 1&2) Why do the hills of a roller coaster ride get smaller as the ride goes on? Make a pie chart of the End Use of Energy categories shown. Unit Review 1. Complete the Unit Review

Heat Ways Heat Can Travel http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Y3mfAGVn1c
What are the 3 ways heat can travel? Define each way heat can travel and provide one illustration of each from the video. Extra Credit Do the rap from the video for the class.

Structure of Matter S8P1: Students will examine the scientific view of the nature of matter. S8P1a: Distinguish between atoms and molecules. S8P1b: Describe the difference between pure substances (elements and compounds) and mixtures. S8P1c: Describe the movement of particles in solids, liquids, gases, and plasma states. S8P1d: Distinguish between physical and chemical properties of matter as physical (i.e. density, melting point, boiling point) or chemical (i.e. reactivity, combustibility). S8P1e: Distinguish between changes in matter as physical (i.e. physical change) or chemical (i.e. development of a gas, formation of precipitate, and change in color). S8P1f: Recognize that there are more than 100 elements and some have similar properties as shown on the periodic Table of Elements. S8P1g: Identify and demonstrate the Law of Conservation of Matter.

Make Structure of Matter Flashcards (Word on one side, definition and illustration on the other) for the following vocabulary words: Matter Element Nonmetal Heterogeneous Mixture Atom Atomic Number Metalloid Solid Electron Isotope Substance Liquid Nucleus Mass Number Mixture Gas Proton Atomic Mass Compound Plasma Neutron Metal Homogeneous Mixture Viscosity Surface Tension Melting Freezing Vaporization Condensation Pressure Density Physical Change Chemical Change Physical Properties Chemical Properties Energy Levels Electron Dot Diagram Chemical Bond ion Ionic Bond Metallic Bond Covalent Bond Polar Bond Chemical Formula Periodic Table of Elements Reactant Product Inhibitor Endothermic Reaction Exothermic Reaction Catalyst Enzyme

Structure of Matter Review
Periodic Table What is the relationship between the number of protons and the element type? How are covalent bonds formed? How are ionic bonds formed? Tour of the Periodic Table How many columns are on the Periodic Table? How many rows are on the Periodic Table? List the names of the columns discussed in the video. For each column name provide 2 properties. What happens to the size of the atom as you move toward the bottom of the table. Mixtures and Solutions What is the difference between a mixture and a solution? Give two examples of mixtures and two examples of solutions.

Atoms and Molecules Review
Atomic Structure Atoms and Molecules Review What does the word ‘atom’ mean? What are molecules made of? What are the parts of the nucleus? What is the charge of an atom? How many electrons are in each of the first 6 shells (energy levels)? What does it mean for an atom to have a full outer shell? Changes in State What is condensation? What are the two examples of condensation shown in the video? What are the two changes in state that can occur when matter is heated? What are the two changes in state that can occur when matter is cooled?

Electromagnetic Spectrum
Waves Electromagnetic Spectrum What do waves carry? How fast do electromagnetic waves travel? What is a hertz? Why are we able to see color? Give 3 examples of how scientists use information gained by analyzing the electromagnetic spectrum? What is the name of the signal we send to outer space in hope of response? Name 4 way microwaves are used How are L band microwaves used to support the Big Bang Theory? How are waves used to map topography? List the three types of Ultra Violet light radiation along with one fact about each. What type of space phenomena is studied using X-rays? What type of electromagnetic waves are used to destroy cancer growths?

Extra Credit States of Matter Rap
Memorize the States of Matter Rap and perform it for the class.

Forces and Motion S8P3: Students will investigate relationship between force, mass, and the motion of objects. S8P3a: Determine the relationship between velocity and acceleration. S8P3b: Demonstrate the effect of balanced and unbalanced forces on an object in terms of gravity, inertia, and friction. S8P3c: Demonstrate the effect of simple machines (lever, inclined plane, pulley, wedge, screw, and wheel and axle) on work.

Make Forces and Motion flashcards (Word on one side, definition and illustration on the other) for the following vocabulary words: Newton’s 1st Law Newton’s 2nd Law Newton’s 3rd Law Rolling Friction Speed inertia Friction Gravity Average Speed momentum Weight Air Resistance Instantaneous speed Force Center of Mass Work velocity Net Force Weightlessness Power acceleration Balanced Forces Static Friction Simple Machine mass Unbalanced Forces Sliding Friction Compound Machine Inclined plane screw Wheel and axle Input Force wedge lever pulley Output Force Mechanical Advantage Efficiency

Force and Motion Newton’s Laws Illustrated
What three factors had to be removed from the apple to have no forces act upon it? When the mass blocks of different masses were pushed, why did the lighter mass move faster according to Newton’s Law? When the feather and hammer were dropped, why did they both fall at the same rate of speed according to Newton’s Law? What is a free body diagram? Why do we use it? Why did air resistance have more effect on a feather than on the hammer? Newton’s Laws of Motion View the video and clip and select three motion examples to analyze – one to illustrate each of Newton’s Law’s of Motion. Select one to three of the clips to show examples of static, sliding, and rolling friction. Speed and Velocity What is the difference between speed and velocity?

Force Work Energy for Kids
Friction Force Work Energy for Kids What is force? What is work? What is energy? List and define the types of energy discussed in the video. Friction What factors affect air resistance? What is Earth’s gravitational force? What is the relationship between the distance between 2 objects and gravitational pull? Simple Machines How does the direction of force change with a pulley? What two ways do levers change forces? What is a fulcrum?

Extra Credit Center of Gravity Experiments
Reproduce any one of these experiments and take a picture of it.