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Unit 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 1

2 Introduction to Unit1 Founding the New Nation (c. 33,000 B.C.—A.D. 1783) European explorers and new nation? 3 G’s!! Purpose of European settlement Identity Division British and settlers in the beginning By 1760s and 1770s War and creation of America “Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”

3 Chapter 1: New World Beginnings
7 billions years ago to 500 years ago Pangaea Ice Ages (35, 000 years ago) & land bridges Incas, Mayas and Aztecs & maize Pueblo in SW (1200 B.C.), maize and irrigation Spread of the cultivation of corn “three sister planting”

4 Chapter 1: New World Beginnings
The Iroquois and Hiawatha Native Americans vs. Europeans 1st Europeans to come to America? How did the Christian crusades lead to European exploration and colonization? Marco Polo The Portuguese, technology and exploration Slavery and Sub-Saharan Africa (later west coast of Africa) Portuguese & plantation system (15th century) Dias and da Gama Spain influenced by Portuguese Europeans and new land and the Renaissance (printing press) “most successful failures in history”-1492

5 Chapter 1: New World Beginnings
Colombian Exchange Positives and negatives of two worlds colliding: crops, diseases, animals, Native American’s culture (90%) Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) Conquistadores (chart) By 1600s? Encomienda Impact of the conquest of Mexico (Cortez vs. Montezuma) Purpose of presidios (forts) Spain and Texas Juan Rodriquez Cabrillo Father Junepero Serra Black Legend Spanish vs. English

6 Chapter 2: The Planting of English America (1500-1773)
* 100 years after Columbus? Early 1600s settlements King Henry VIII and Queen Elizabeth Catholic Spain vs. England Sea Dogs and Francis Drake Sir Henry Gilbert Sir Walter Raleigh “The Virgin Queen” How did England react to failure at Roanoke? Why?

7 Chapter 2: The Planting of English America (1500-1773)
Significance of Spanish Armada (1588) Reasons for English Exploration The Virginia Company of London’s intentions? Significance of its charter King James I Chesapeake Bay May 24, 1607? Early years Lord De La Warr 1614 (peace treaty after 1st Anglo-Powhatan War)

8 Chapter 2: The Planting of English America (1500-1773)
1622—How did Virginia Company respond? By 1625 Second Anglo-Powhatan War 1644 Peace Treaty of 1646? Reservations? Native population by 1669 Three Ds New World for Native Americans

9 Chapter 2: The Planting of English America (1500-1773)
West Indies English began to colonize. Why? Sugar vs. tobacco Slaves (Diaspora and today? Barbados Slave Code of 1661 Barbados & Carolina Carolina a. What interrupted English colonization? b. Lord Proprietors and intentions Major crop and who were their slaves? Charles Town---community Virginia Father of tobacco Broad-acred plantation Indentured servants Head-right system 1619 (reps, blacks, women) James I and charter Maryland 1634 & Lord Baltimore—Why? vs. Virginia Act of Toleration 1649 (results and who passed it)

10 Chapter 2: The Planting of English America (1500-1773)
North Carolina Settlers? South vs. North (Carolina) Tuscarora Yamasee Georgia Original purpose All Christians accepted except……. When Only colony to receive…… Oglethrope Jon Wesley Plantation Colonies Name them Acres Exported commercial agricultural products Cash crops Slavery (Georgia after 1750) Aristocratic atmosphere (except NC and GA Slow growth of schools & churches (why?) Dominate church Expansionary and soil butchery

11 Chapter 3: Settling the North Colonies
Northern & Southern Colonies Martin Luther (beliefs and ignite) John Calvin (beliefs and influenced) Henry VIII & Roman Catholic rituals Puritans vs. Separatists James I vs. Separatist 1608 & Separatist Pilgrims & Virginia Company Captain Myles Standish Mayflower Compact Winter of Pilgrims and Massasoits

12 Chapter 3: Settling the North Colonies
William Bradford Plymouth’s economy & 1691 1629 and Massachusetts Bay Colony Puritan’s population Puritans & Pilgrims (leadership, stability, and growth) John Winthrop “Bible Commonwealth” Congregational Church Disenfranchised of Massachusetts John Cotton

13 Chapter 3: Settling the North Colonies
Michael Wigglesworth Anne Hutchinson (heretic) vs. Puritans(antinomianism) 1638 (results) Roger Williams (1635) & Rhode Island (wanted independence) charted 1644 Hartford Connecticut in 1635 (farm land) Rev. Thomas Hooker & Connecticut “Fundamental Orders” (1st written constitution in America)-Connecticut New Haven joined Connecticut Maine annexed to Mass. 1623 New Hampshire annexed to Mass. 1641 Puritans vs. Native Americans (Squanto , Pequot War, Metacom)

14 The Dutch left their mark…….. Penn’s Holy Experiment
New England Confederation (defense & Puritans) Charles II (chartered Connecticut and Rhode Island) vs. Massachusetts (charter revoked 1684) Dominion of New England = smuggling (Navigation Acts) Sir Edmund Andros (in Boston) vs. William and Mary Massachusetts new charter Dutch East India Company Henry Hudson & New Netherland Patroonships & New Amsterdam Wall Street Dutch vs. Swedes (culture) Peter Stuyvesant Duke of York 1664 The Dutch left their mark…….. Penn’s Holy Experiment The Middle Colonies (New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania)

15 Chapter 4: American Life in the 17th Century
Introduction Life in Chesapeake Bay (Virginia & Maryland)—work, diseases, life span, family & population Tobacco Economy (demand vs. prices) “Headright system” (land & the rich) Indentured servants Bacon’s Rebellion (1676) vs. Berkeley Slavery in late 1600s (why?) and by 1750 Slaves from West Africa & Middle Passage North American slave import cities? “chattels” (reading and writing?)

16 Chapter 4: American Life in the 17th Century
“Congregational Church” “jeremiads” “Half-way Covenant”—elect & “half-wayers” Salem Witch Trials (1692) New England’s economy, slavery, rivers, Native Americans, & fishing “dusk ‘til dawn” & “worth the candle” America vs. Europe African to African American Slavery in Deep South (tobacco plantations vs. rice and indigo plantations) Gullah (words & music) Skilled slaves Slave revolts (NYC 1712, Stono River 1739) “FFVs”, small farmers, landless whites, & slaves Cities, schools and churches in the South (why?) New England’s climate, water, life expectancies, families, and women? Women in the South? “Bible Commonwealth” (top priority) Puritans (towns and education—NE vs Virginia)

Groups of 4 Select a chapter (pull a number) Purpose: Teach the class through acting Skit must be 3 to 5 minutes long Include terms, concepts, people, places….. that we learned about in class (at least 5 must be included)

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