The Three Levels of Analysis Biological Cognitive Sociocultural
Interaction of the Levels Substantial determination of behavior This reflects a trend toward integration of viewpoints and demonstrates how explanations offered by each level are complimentary and provide a more comprehensive and a less simplistic explanation of behavior.
Introduction Human beings are biological systems The nervous system plays an important role The brain and brain function are likewise important Studies into neurotransmission have changed views of treatment Hormones play an important role in psychology
General Learning Outcomes Outline principles that define the biological levels of analysis Explain how principles that define this level of analysis may be demonstrated in research Discuss how and why particular research methods are used by this level of analysis Discuss ethical considerations to research studies used by this level of analysis
Physiology and Behavior Explain one study related to localization of function in the brain Using one or more examples, explain effects of neurotransmission on behavior Using one or more examples, explain functions of two hormones in human behavior Discuss two effects of the environment on physiological processes Examine one interaction between cognition and physiology in terms of behavior Discuss the use of brain imaging technologies in investigating the relationship between biological factors and behavior
Genetics and Behavior With reference to relevant research studies, to what extent does genetic inheritance influence behavior? Examine one evolutionary explanation of behavior? Discuss ethical considerations in research into genetic influences on behavior.
Introduction Our cognitive system includes our cognitions, emotions and behaviors. Represented in this level of analysis is cognitive psychology, cognitive science, cognitive neuropsychology and cognitive neuroscience.
General Learning Outcomes Outline principles that define the cognitive level of analysis Explain how principles that define this level of analysis may be demonstrated in research Discuss how and why particular research methods are used at this level of analysis Discuss ethical considerations related to research studies at this level of analysis
Cognitive Processes Evaluate schema theory with reference to research studies Evaluate two models or theories of one cognitive process Explain how biological factors may affect one cognitive process Discuss how social or cultural factors affect one cognitive process With reference to relevant research studies, to what extent is one cognitive process reliable? Discuss the use of technology in investigating cognitive processes
Cognition and Emotion To what extent do cognitive and biological factors interact in emotion? Evaluate one theory of how emotion may affect one cognitive process.
Introduction This level looks at how the biological and cognitive levels of analysis interrelate in our relationships with other individuals. As societies become more multi-cultural, the need to study the effect of culture on behavior has increased. Social psychologists seek to understand social and cultural behavior, and to recognize how to assist in preventing problems arising from misunderstandings between cultures.
Sociocultural Theory Our cognitions and behaviors are the product of our society and culture. Sociocultural Theory claims that everything which makes up the psychological processes which form our self-image, identity and personal reality are products of our culture and society.
General Learning Principles Outline principles that define the sociocultural level of analysis. Explain how principles at this level of analysis may be demonstrated in research. Discuss how and why particular research methods are used at this level of analysis. Discuss ethical considerations related to research studies at this level of analysis.
Sociocultural Cognition Describe the role of situational and dispositional factors in explaining behavior. Discuss two errors in attributions. Evaluate social identity theory, making reference to relevant studies. Explain the formation of stereotypes and their effect on behavior.
Social Norms Explain social learning theory, making reference to two relevant studies. Discuss the use of compliance techniques. Evaluate research on conformity to group norms. Discuss factors influencing conformity.
Cultural Norms Define the terms “culture” and “cultural norms”. Examine the role of two cultural dimensions on behavior. Using one or more examples, explain “emic” and “etic” concepts.
Paper 1 Assessment Outline SL Two hours Section A: Three compulsory questions on Part 1 of the syllabus Section B: Three questions on part 1 of the syllabus. Students choose one question to answer in essay form. 46 total marks. 50% of total psychology score.
Paper 1 Assessment Outline HL Two hours Section A: Three compulsory questions on Part 1 of the syllabus Section B: Three questions on part 1 of the syllabus. Students choose one question to answer in essay form. 46 total marks. 35% of total psychology score.