18 Strategies South Defend Territory – Hopefully Yankees will give up fighting after a whileWin foreign recognition from France or Britain (because of Cotton trade)Motto – “With God as Our Vindicator”
19 Theatres of War WEST EAST All battles fought West of Appalachian mountains to MS riverEASTAll battles fought East of App. Mountains
20 Armies UNION CONFEDERACY Army of the Potomac Armies named after rivers Army of Northern VirginiaArmies named after states
21 FIGHTING1st Battle of Bull Run (1st Battle of Manassas)=first battle of the Civil War4,878 casualties – each side realized it would be a long fight
22 ANTIETAM Battle of Antietam Creek – Sep. 17, 1862 Bloodiest single day in American history – 23,000 casualties
23 Emancipation Proclamation After Union victories in 1862, Lincoln decides to issue the Emancipation ProclamationDoes not free any slaves, because it only accounted for slaves in Confederate states still in rebellion
25 Three Turning points of Civil War 1863 – Year the “tide turned” for North1) Gettysburg, PATurned Robert E. Lee back south. He would never invade the North again.2) Vicksburg, MsU.S. Grant wins. Union now has full control of the Mississippi River.3) Chattanooga, TNThe Union Army wins; The deep South is open to invasion. William T. Sherman can wage TOTAL WAR on the South.