Presentation on theme: "Civil War. Introduction A civil war is a war between people who live in the same country. The American civil war was fought between the North and the."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction A civil war is a war between people who live in the same country. The American civil war was fought between the North and the South states. It lasted from 1861-1865. The war was triggered by the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860.
What started it? The North and the South disagreed about Slavery The Southern states believed they had the right to own slaves. The Northern states believed that slaves should be free. Southern states wanted to secede (leave) the United States. The Northern states said that no state could leave the Union. The South believed they had to right to secede.
Abraham Lincoln One of the most remembered and influential people in the Civil War. President of the United States Opposed slavery Believed in staying as one nation, not as individual states.
Ulysses S. Grant General of the Northern army that defeated the South. Opposed to slavery. Became President later in life.
Frederick Douglass Former slave who escaped, came North, and opposed slavery. Great writer who made many speeches against slavery and the war.
Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate states. Wanted the South and Union to be separated. Wrote Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government in 1881.
Robert E. Lee Leader of the Confederate Army in Northern Virginia Offered command of Union troops, but chose not to fight against Virginia. Opposed secession Urged Southerners to accept defeat and reunite.
Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson One of the most skilled Confederate generals, from Virginia. Earned the nick name “Stonewall” because he refused to let his troops back down. General Barnard said he was “like a stone wall.”
Famous Battles Fort Sumter (April 12, 1861) Confederate victory Battle at Bull Run (July 21, 1861) Confederate victory Shiloh (April 6, 1862) Confederate victory Antietam (September 16, 1862) Confederate victory Gettysburg (July 1, 1863) Union victory Vicksburg (July 4, 1863) Union victory
Major Events of the War The Emancipation Proclamation, in 1863, made “freeing the slaves” the focus of the war. In the Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863, Lincoln said the Civil War was to preserve a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people.” General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Grant at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865, ending the Civil War.
Constitutional Changes Amendment 13 - Abolishment of Slavery. Amendment 14 - Equal protection of laws for all races. Amendment 15 - Voting rights for all men.