Presentation on theme: "Grammar : Types of Nouns"— Presentation transcript:
1 Grammar : Types of Nouns Manning – Language Arts
2 A NOUN is a word that names a person, a place, a thing, or an idea. DefinitionA NOUN is a word that names a person, a place, a thing, or an idea.thingperson?ideaplace
3 There are two basic kinds of nouns: CommonProper
4 Common NounsA COMMON NOUN names a general person, place, thing, or idea. It does not refer to something specific.shoecathouse
5 Proper NounsA PROPER NOUN names a specific person, place, thing, or idea. It refers to a NAME of a noun.NikeFelixWhite House
6 Concrete & Abstract Nouns In addition to common and propernouns, there are also CONCRETE andABSTRACT nouns.Hats—concrete nounLove—abstract noun
7 CONCRETE NOUNS CONCRETE NOUNS are nouns that you can see, hear, touch, smell, or taste.
8 Abstract NOUNS ABSTRACT NOUNS are nouns that you cannot see, hear, touch, smell, or taste. Theyare ideas, qualities, and feelings that cannotbe seen or touched.RESPONSIBILITYFAIRNESSJUSTICE
9 Classify these Nouns: bike planet desk scissors Jupiter justice judge dollarChristiansnowcityIslamRoaring SpringPennsylvaniafriendshipCOMMONPROPERCONCRETEABSTRACTJupiterRoaring SpringbikescissorssnowplanetjudgecityChristianPennsylvaniadeskdollarIslamjusticefriendship
10 Check your chart: Jupiter Roaring Spring bike scissors snow planet COMMONPROPERCONCRETEABSTRACTJupiterRoaring SpringbikescissorssnowplanetjudgecityChristianPennsylvaniadeskdollarIslamjusticefriendship
11 DEFINITION A POSSESSIVE NOUN is a noun that shows ownership or possession ofthings or qualities.Ling’s birthday cake
12 Rule #1 To form the possessive of a SINGULAR NOUN, ADD ’s to the word. Examples:Truck + tires = Truck’s tiresMan + wallet = Man’s walletThe ’s is added to all singular words, no matter what letter the word ends with.Waitress + apron = Waitress’s apronJones + house = Jones’s house
13 Rule #2To form the possessive of a PLURAL NOUN that ends in S, simply ADD ’ after the SExamples:Ladies + club = Ladies’ clubCats + dish = Cats’ dishTeachers + workroom = Teachers’ workroom
14 Rule #3To form the possessive of a PLURAL NOUN that does NOT end in “S”, add ’s to the wordExamples:Children + playground = Children’s playgroundGeese + formation = Geese’s formation
15 How to form possessive nouns: ExamplesAll singular nouns; plural nouns not ending in SAdd an apostrophe and s (‘s)A girl—a girl’s nameThe bus—the bus’s routeChildren—children’s toysMr. Nevins—Mr. Nevins’s tiePlural nouns ending in SAdd just an apostrophe (‘) at the end of the plural noun.Babies—babies’ bottleThe Joneses—the Joneses’ car
16 Singular Possessive Noun Plural Possessive Noun ExamplesSingular NounLyndell has a book about baseball.Singular Possessive NounLyndell’s book is about baseball.Plural NounSeveral cities have baseball teams.Plural Possessive NounSeveral cities’ teams attract fans.
17 Write the possessive form of the noun in parentheses. Guided PracticeWrite the possessive form of the noun in parentheses.1. The hawk stole the eggs from that (bird) nest.2. (Janel) entry in the soapbox derby won first place.3. (Oscar) claws are very sharp.4. The three (students) homework was accepted one day late.5. (Mr. Nevins) tie is always around his neck.6. The (bus) wheels go round and round.bird’sJanel’sOscar’sstudents’Mr. Nevins’sbus’s
18 DEFINITIONA CONTRACTION is a word made by combining two words and leaving out one or more letters. An apostrophe shows where the letters have been left out.
19 SPEAKER’ S Contractions The speaker is happy about her presentation. We can join the two words speaker and is to create a contraction.SPEAKER’SThe speaker’s happy about her presentation.
20 Complete the following chart Singular NounSingular PossessivePlural NounPlural Possessive NounContractionwomanecho’scountriesspeakerswoman’swomenwomen’swoman’sechoecho’sechoesechoes’countrycountry’scountries’country’sspeakerspeaker’sspeakers’speaker’s
21 Guided Practice Plural noun Singular Poss. Singular Poss. contraction Identify the bolded word in each sentence by writing plural noun, singular, singular possessive noun, plural possessive noun, or contraction.1. School hours begin at 7:40 am.2. Elvis’s cage is in the 7B science room.3. Micky Rodgers’s bus arrives at 7:25 am.4. Skylar’s the illustrator for that book.5. The children’s mittens are lost.6. My two sneakers’ laces are too short.Plural nounSingular Poss.Singular Poss.contractionPlural Poss.Plural poss.
22 Testing Your Knowledge 1. What is a possessive noun?AN: A noun that shows ownership2. How do you form singular possessive nouns?AN: By adding an apostrophe s (‘s)3. How do you form plural possessive nouns?AN: By adding an apostrophe after the s.
23 4. How do you form the possessive form of plural nouns that DO NOT end in s? AN: By adding an apostrophe and s (‘s).5. What is a contraction?AN: a word made by combining two words and leaving out one or more letters using an apostrophe.
24 Collective Nouns What do these words have in common? fleet committee teamcrewcrowdherdWhat do these words have in common?
25 They are collective nouns. A collective noun is the general name of a group of persons, animals, or things.
26 A collective noun can name a: PersonAnimalPlaceThingtribeclasscongregationlittergaggleherdUnited StatesRockiesBahamasbatchclusterbunch
27 Find the collective noun in each sentence. The night crew are asked to take separate breaks.A flock of geese flew over the fleet of ships.The fans cheered when the team won the game.The entire family played the game together.We spied a school of fish under the lily pads.That committee is made up of a large group of people.7. The children ran from the swarm of bees.