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Governors Employment & Economic Opportunities Task Force Members: Employment in Illinois for People with Disabilities Margaret Harness – Illinois Council.

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Presentation on theme: "Governors Employment & Economic Opportunities Task Force Members: Employment in Illinois for People with Disabilities Margaret Harness – Illinois Council."— Presentation transcript:

1 Governors Employment & Economic Opportunities Task Force Members: Employment in Illinois for People with Disabilities Margaret Harness – Illinois Council on Developmental Disabilities Sharon Slover – Executive Director of Education & Careers -Menta Group Phil Milsk – Legislative Director with the ARC of Illinois

2 1. Vision for employment (i.e., long-term goal) 2. What needs to change? 3. What do we need to know more about to address this issue? 4. Proposed actions for change 5. Who needs to be involved in change process? 6. What can you do starting tomorrow? Issues & Solutions: Areas for Discussion

3 General theme: Employment in the community is the first/primary service option for individuals with disabilities Employment First: What Is It? APSE Statement on Employment First Employment in the general workforce is the first and preferred outcome in the provision of publicly funded services for all working age citizens with disabilities, regardless of level of disability.

4 30+ states have some type of Employment First movement About 3/4 of efforts are by state policy or are legislatively based About 1/4 of efforts are grassroots based – i.e., outsiders working to influence state policy and practice At least 18 states have official Employment First legislation and/or polices Employment First 2012

5 Policy clearly states: employment as first priority Broadly focused on all aspects of system May begin in the grassroots, ultimately must be adopted and implemented by the system Primary focus is not on eliminating facility-based services

6 The National Scene

7 Public Policy Changes Innovations in Practice Changes in Expectations

8 Americans with Disabilities Act (1990) Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) – integration, inclusion, increased emphasis on transition and employment Ticket to Work and Work Incentive Improvements Act (1998) Workforce Investment Act (1998) – emphasis on disability Olmstead Decision (1999) Changes in RSA Regulations: successful employment outcome must be in integrated setting (2001) CMS: New suggested Medicaid Waiver service definitions emphasizing community employment (2011) Public Policy Changes

9 Movement from medical model to social model 1980s – Emergence of supported employment Train & Place transformed to Place & Train 1990s – Expanded use of natural supports Mental health – employment as part of recovery Innovation and expansion in use of accommodations and assistive technology Innovations in transition practices focused on employment Self-determination and self-direction Changing workforce & workplace – flexible, more diverse, evolving use of technology Universal Design Innovations In Practice

10 Individuals with even most severe disabilities working successfully Disability no longer seen as insurmountable barrier to employment Expectations are changing Individuals and families Public systems & policymakers Society 2012: Where Are We?

11 US Census: 656,000 have a disability (7.8% of population) – Source: ACS, 2009 5.9% have a work limitation – Source: CPS, 2010 Working Age Adults on Social Security Disability Benefits (SSI or SSDI): 406,000 – Source: Social Security Administration, 2010 People with Disabilities in Illinois:

12 David Hoff Institute for Community Inclusion University of Massachusetts, Boston The Illinois Employment Picture in Context Illinois Employment First Summit January 31, 2012 Summit Report downloadable at The Illinois Employment Picture in Context Illinois Employment First Summit January 31, 2012 Summit Report downloadable at

13 Compare Illinois to U.S.? Source: US Census ACS, 2009

14 Illinois DDD – Total # Served: 29,000 Illinois DDDNational* % Individuals - Integrated Employment10%20% % Individuals - Facility Based Work17%27% % Individuals - Facility Based Non-Work72%36% Department of Developmental Disabilities Illinois DDD – Total Funding: $276,000,000 Illinois DDDNational* % of Funding – Integrated Employment6%12% % of Funding – Facility Based Work12%29% % of Funding – Facility Based Non-Work82%30% Source: ICI Agency National Survey of Day & Employment Services, 2009 *National data includes additional category of Community Based Non-Work, that brings national total to 100%

15 Illinois Vocational Rehabilitation Total Closures: 17,900 Illinois VRNational % of Closures into Employment Setting30% Rehabilitation Rate for All Closures with IPE57%56% Mean Weekly Earnings at Closure$274$357 Mean Weekly Hours at Closure26 hours31 hours Vocational Rehabilitation Source: RSA 911 Data, 2009

16 Illinois Community Mental Health System Employment Status Individuals Served * EmployedUnemployedNot in Labor Force Age 18 to 206,942– 100%1,486 – 21%2,560 – 37%2,896 – 42% Age 21 to 6498,452 – 100%24,309 – 25%49,041 – 50%25,102 - 25% Community Mental Health System Community Mental Health System Employment Status Illinois Compared to U.S. EmployedUnemployedNot In Labor Force IllinoisU.S.IllinoisU.S.IllinoisU.S. All Ages24%21%48%41%28%37% Source: SAMHSA Community Mental Health System Reporting System - 2009 * Includes individuals for whom employment status can be identified

17 Plans for Achieving Self Support (PASS) – 40 Impairment Related Work Expense (IRWE) – 123 Blind Work Expense - 40 Use of Work Incentives by People On SSI in Illinois Source: Social Security Administration SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2009

18 The Illinois Scene Big Picture Trend(s)

19 Timeline – Changes from Advocacy ICDD Legislation DDD 2011-17 Blueprint SJR 15 Strategic Plan 08 09 10 11 12 Legislation Emp. Taskforce Emp. PA 96-368 Report with Summit Emp. 1 st Goal

20 Rebalancing - Institutional Closures $ shifts to community support use Quinn- Quinn- Quinn- Close:Close: Close: Howe Jacksonville Jacksonville Mabley Murray Tinley Singer Chester Howe Tinley Jacksonville closed closed closed 09 10 11 12 13

21 Employment NeedNumber of People Support to work at home 479 Support to work in the community 6,754 Work/ activities in a disability setting 9,282 TOTAL as of 10-11-12 16,452 Div. of Dev. Disabilities PUNS Wait List - Employment

22 $ for employment supports and transportation Ligas lawsuit settlement Includes self employment Ligas suit members + PUNS wait list people 1400 awarded this year 1700 more this year 750 Home based 750 CILA 200 CILA – caregiver over 75 Getting Home and Community Based Service Waiver - Win the lottery!

23 State institutions cost more than community homes Supported employment costs more than current rates cover SO, rethink use of limited $: Save money by shifting living to community DDD provided rate incentives Advocate that DDD put its limited $ in supported and community employment services Funding Services in a Time of Cutbacks Rebalancing

24 The element that makes a person job-ready is being in a real job. Joe Chiappetta, Disabilityworks – Chicagoland Chamber of Commerce

25 Subminimum Wage Legislation Federal H.R. 3086 Summary: Discontinues the issuing of special wage certificates under section 14(c) of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (20 U.S.C. 214(c)) to any new entities not currently holding a certificate, as of the effective date of the Act. Revokes all special wage certificates held on the effective date of the Act: Repeals section 14(c) of the FLSA of 1938 effective 3 years after the date of enactment.

26 Illinois HB 5729 Summary: Finds that people with disabilities should enjoy a presumption that they can achieve integrated, non-segregated, employment. Amends the Illinois Minimum Wage Law Further provides that a special license may not authorize payment of less than the minimum wage for more than 6 months unless the Director of Labor authorizes

27 Make Employment a Priority Now. Dont wait for Employment First Policy Raise expectations so everyones strengths and interests lead to employment goals Use all funding – work the system Think broad - customized employment, micro business, use personal connections to find niches Think quality of life – everyone should be engaged in their community even if not paid Employment First – Doing Differently

28 Partnerships Local school district, adult employment service provider, government funding agencies (VR, IDD, County entities) Integrating Service Systems at the Point of Transition

29 * Youth exits school with no work experience * Youth exits school with work experience, but no post- school supports available * Youth exits school with work experience and seamless linkage to adult system supports Transitions Scenarios

30 * Educational and adult service systems are seldom in synch * Early, pre-exit collaboration between systems is not common * Resource integration is rare The Disparity

31 All students with disabilities Transition instruction entirely community-based transition Paid employment, integrated workplaces Non-work activities in normalized settings Individual choice of schedules and employment options Adult agency employment specialists working with school personnel Cost-sharing resources of school system, supported employment funders, adult agencies Transition Service Integration

32 Intended Outcomes No Service Disruption: first day after school exit Schedule looks the same as the last day of school Same jobs Same community activities Same staff support Schedule looks the same as the last day of school Transition Service Integration

33 90% employed at school exit 90% employed one year after school exit 95% experienced seamless transition to adult system Outcomes

34 * Braiding resources * Identifying points of success for all elements of the collaborating systems * Flexible applications of governing regulations of collaborating systems What It Takes…..

35 Youth are jointly served by school system and adult employment agencies BEFORE school exit. The Ideal

36 Seamless transition from students to employed adults The Result

37 Solutions to poverty are going to need to be as complicated as everything that causes it.Solutions to poverty are going to need to be as complicated as everything that causes it. Dr. Claire McCarthy Martha Eliot Health Center, Boston

38 Examples of Illinois taxpayers working towards prosperity

39 ANDY Position: Parts inventory and other tasks at auto dealership Customized position created at height of recession whenno one was hiring Position obtained via Kiwanis Club connection and shared interest in sports with manager Now on the board of the Kiwanis Club Illinois Citizens with Disabilities – Working Towards Prosperity

40 Laura Position: Chef - Charlie Trotters, Chicago Graduated from IL School for Visually Impaired Attended Chicago Lighthouse for the Blind Received DRS assistance with vocational training at Le Cordon Bleu, College of Culinary Arts Would like to own her own restaurant Illinois Citizens with Disabilities – Working Towards Prosperity

41 Daniel Position: Team Member - Lowes Home Improvement Received transition services from DRS & partnering services through Challenges Unlimited Has received Employee of the Month Received DRS support in moving from group home to own apartment National Rehabilitation Association Nominee Illinois Citizens with Disabilities – Working Towards Prosperity

42 Jared Position: Service Clerk - Jewel Has worked for 4 years; past year without a job coach Advocates with state legislators Has own drivers license – 4 year process Now owns a MINI Cooper Illinois Citizens with Disabilities – Working Towards Prosperity

43 ANNIE Position: Employee at After School Program Customized position created based on interest in working with children Started as a Snack Aide; now reads to children as part of her job Initially required 100% job coaching; within 9 months, no job coaching Illinois Citizens with Disabilities – Working Towards Prosperity

44 Devon Position: Mail Clerk at small hospital Devon likes to organize; focused on potential jobs that use those skills Customized position created through taking over mail duties previously done by nurses Increased efficiency, boosted morale Illinois Citizens with Disabilities – Working Towards Prosperity



47 Jennifer Position: Artist Verbal abilities are limited, so started expressing herself through painting in elementary school. Passion for art grew from there Art will be on display in local coffee shop in April & May Looking for additional employment Illinois Citizens with Disabilities – Working Towards Prosperity

48 Web page – St. Louis Art Directory: Examples of Jennifers Work

49 A Better Bottom Line: Employing People with Disabilities 3BETTERBOTTOMLINE.PDF 3BETTERBOTTOMLINE.PDF IL APSE Assn for Persons Supporting Employment First Alliance for Full Participation RESOURCES

50 John A. Shedd A ship in harbor is safe --- but that is not what ships are built for. A ship in harbor is safe --- but that is not what ships are built for.

51 Time for A Conversation: Illinois Statewide Transition Conference

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