The American Civil War Begins I will be picking up bellringer in 5 mins.
The War Between States The war lasted from 1861 to 1865 The war started and ended at Wilmer McLean’s house Picture Credit: http://www.26nc.org/PhotoGallery/CommandChangePhotos/McLeanHouseMusic.jpg
Main Causes State’s Rights Slavery Cotton Gin by Eli Whitney in 1793 Preserving the Union Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe Slave vs. Free States Picture Credit: http://www.disciples.org/convo/Slavery.jpg
Civil War Facts 1/2 million people were killed or wounded in the Civil War 60 % of the fighting took place in Virginia Picture Credit: volusia.com/civilwar/
NorthSouth 23 States11 States UnionConfederate YankeeRebel Blue CoatsGrey Coats USACSA Army of the Potomac RiverVirginia Federal
Border States (Kentucky, Maryland, & Missouri) were States that had soldiers fighting for both sides! In the battle of Vicksburg, there were 17 Confederate armies and 22 Union armies from the state of Missouri!
Presidential election of 1860 In 1860, Stephan Douglas and Abraham Lincoln ran against each other again, this time for president. Lincoln had become well known from their debates about slavery. This time, Lincoln won, becoming the 16th president.
Abe Lincoln Was the president for the North The North’s Capital was Washington D.C. http://www.lincolnstore.com/page5.html
Jefferson Davis Was the president for the South. The South’s Capital was Richmond, Virginia http://www.heritagephotographs.com/presjefdav18.html
Southern States secede Lincoln received no support in the South because they believed he wanted to end slavery. Since there were so many more people in the North, he won the election anyway. As soon as Lincoln won the election, the South started to secede. This means the South split from the Union. They no longer wanted to be part of the United States. Supporters of secession based their arguments on the idea of states’ rights. They said they had voluntarily joined the union, so they could leave when they wanted.
Confederate States of America On December 20, 1860, South Carolina became the first state to secede. (formal withdrawal from organization) They were followed by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. The eleven states that had seceded formed the Confederate States of America. They named Jefferson Davis as president. They wrote a new Constitution which made slavery legal.
Civil War A civil war is a war between people of the same country. There have been many civil wars, but one of the worst happened in America. The American Civil War was fought to keep the South from leaving the Union. Slavery was the major issue that separated the North from the South.
Front Sumter, South Carolina Since South Carolina had seceded from the United States, it didn’t want Northern soldiers on its land at Fort Sumter Southern General Bueargard tried to get the northern general Anderson to peacefully surrender Fort Sumter. Picture Credit: members.aol.com/larrykench/ W1861001.html
Fort Sumter The first major battle of the Civil War began on April 12, 1861. After 2 days, the North surrendered to the South. No one was killed but 1 soldier who was killed when a cannon backfired during the surrendering ceremony. Picture Credit: http://library.thinkquest.org/3055/graphics/battles/images/sumteranim.gif
FFort Sumter was in the South, and the Union had a hard time defending the fort. TThere were 23 states in the Union (North) at the beginning of the war. TThere were 11 states in the Confederacy (South) at the beginning of the war.
North’s Advantages The North some many advantages. They had many more people and also had more factories, which could be used to make weapons The Union also had many more miles of railroad tracks.
South’s Advantages TThe South’s main advantage was that they were fighting at home. TThis would mean that they would be closer to their supplies. TThey also would fight harder because they were protecting their homes. TThe Confederacy also had superior generals and better trained soldiers. TThe South was also being supplied by England at the beginning of the war. England wanted to keep trading for the South’s cotton.
Battle of Bull Run One of the first battles of the war was the Battle of Bull Run. The North realized after this battle that the war would not be easy and would not be over soon.
Color Coded Map of Northern States, Southern States and Border States. Must write every state (initial only) Label/Mark Fort Sumter with date Title of Map is : Civil War 1861-1865 On back summarize advantages and disadvantage of the North and South Due at the end of class NO EXCUSE!
New Weapons Many new weapons were used during the Civil War. One of these weapons was an ironclad ship. An ironclad ship was a ship with iron plates on it to protect it from cannon fire.
Other new weapons Deadlier cannons and bullets More accurate rifles
Battle of Antietam First time the Confederacy invaded Northern territory was the Battle of Antietam. It was bloodiest battle day in United States history. 23,000 men lost their lives that day. The Union army stopped the Confederate army. This “victory” by the Union gave President Lincoln the chance to announce the abolition of slavery in the South.
Declared that all slaves should be set free in the Confederacy. It also allowed blacks to serve in the Union army and navy. South ignored the Emancipation Proclamation, but it did change to focus of the war to the issue of slavery. Emancipation Proclamation
Women in the Civil War Women on both sides worked during the war. Many became nurses. The most famous nurse from the Union was Clara Barton. She also helped organize the American Red Cross.
The Battle of Gettysburg was one of the bloodiest battles of the war. 90,000 Union soldiers fought 75,000 Confederate soldiers. More than 50,000 men were killed or wounded in the battle. The Union won the battle. Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point of the war. The Confederacy would never invade Union territory again.
Gettysburg Address After the Battle of Gettysburg, President Lincoln went to the battlefield to dedicate a cemetery in honor of all those who had died. Lincoln spoke for two minutes, but his speech became very famous. It is called the Gettysburg Address.
Civil War Timeline Create a Civil War Timeline start with Dec. 20, 1860 and end with April 9, 1865 Use your notes and information from the video Main events only, presidents, battles, surrenders, etc. Must be in chronological order (you may not have all the dates and years that is ok make sure the have first date and end date at least)