Presentation on theme: "PRESENTING.... LITERATURE NOTES Literature is writings in prose or verse, having excellence of expression and expressing ideas of permanent or universal."— Presentation transcript:
LITERATURE NOTES Literature is writings in prose or verse, having excellence of expression and expressing ideas of permanent or universal interest.
PROSE- VERSE- The ordinary language of man in writing Poetry
GENRE- A A distinct category of literature 1. Prose 2. Poetry 3. Drama
ELEMENTS OF PROSE FICTION- Literature that is made up (not true) 1. Novel- Longest form of fiction 2. Short Story- Shortest form of fiction
Edgar Allan Poe 1809-1849 Poe is known as the father of the modern short story. There are five guidelines that short stories should follow according to Poe’s example. 1. Few characters (1-3) 2. One setting 3. No wasted material 4. Strive for a single effect/idea 5. One sitting (30-45 min.)
PLOT GRAPH 1. Exposition- Setting, Characters, Conflict begins 2. Rising Action- Conflicts develop and increase 3. Climax- High point of interest or suspense 4. Falling Action- End of central conflict 5. Resolution- End of story
NONFICTION Written about real people, places, and events. 1. Biography- Story of someone else’s life 2. Autobiography- Writer’s own life story 3. Essay- Short work about a particular subject
Five Modes (types) of Essays 1. R eflective-Shares writer’s inner thoughts and feelings 2. D escriptive-Brings to life an event, person, or thing 3. N arrative-Tells a story about an actual event 4. E xpository-(Informative) Explains something about a subject 5. P ersuasive-Convinces reader to think or act in a certain way
CHARACTER A person, animal, or creature in a story 1. Main Character (Protagonist)-Most important character 2. Minor Character- Necessary but lesser role in the story
Characters may be… FLAT- One-sided often stereotypical ROUND- Fully developed with many traits DYNAMIC- Changes or grows STATIC- Does not change
SETTING- Time and Place PLOT- Main story line (what happens) CONFLICT- Problem or struggle 1. Internal 2. External (v. man, nature, god, society, etc.) THEME- Central message, concern, or purpose
FORESHADOWING- Hints or clues of what will occur FLASHBACK- Going back in time IRONY- A twist or unexpected development
POINT OF VIEW The perspective or vantage point from which the story is told 1. First Person- (I) Narrator tells his/her own story 2. Limited Third Person- (he, she, it) Narrator observes the story 3. Omniscient Third Person- Author enters the minds of all the characters
SYMBOL- One thing representing another MOOD- Emotions the author wants the reader to feel TONE- Author’s attitude toward the subject
No more notes at this time. ELEMENTS OF POETRY AND ELEMENTS OF DRAMA WILL BE DISCUSSED LATER. Get ready to read some great pieces of literature!