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OSHA’s Revised Hazard Communication Standard

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Presentation on theme: "OSHA’s Revised Hazard Communication Standard"— Presentation transcript:

1 OSHA’s Revised Hazard Communication Standard
This presentation (“Workers Hazcom Training”) is a training program for workers that summarizes the changes in OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard. A supplemental presentation (“Employers Hazcom Training Requirements”) summarizes the 2013 training requirements for OSHA’s revised Hazard Communication Standard and is intended to provide employers and trainers with background on the new requirements. Since workers are the target audience, these presentations emphasize hazard identification, avoidance, and control – not standards. No attempt has been made to treat the topic exhaustively. It is essential that trainers tailor their presentations to the needs and understanding of their audience. This presentation is not a substitute for any of the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by the U.S. Department of Labor. Mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Labor.

2 Purpose of OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard
To ensure that employers and employees know about chemical hazards and how to protect themselves so that the incidence of illnesses and injuries due to hazardous chemicals is reduced. Hazard Communication Program Container Labeling Safety Data Sheet Use this slide to review the purpose of OSHA Hazcom program and to review the elements of your company’s hazard communication program. For each of these items, remind employees who is responsible and where the program materials (SDSs etc) can be found. Ask the group how many of them have every reviewed a label or asked for a MSDS to learn more about the hazards of chemicals at work. Ask if there were any barriers to understanding the information. The Hazard Communication (HazCom) standard establishes uniform requirements to make sure that the hazards of all chemicals imported into, produced, or used in U.S. workplaces are evaluated, and that this hazard information is transmitted to affected employers and exposed employees. The HazCom standard is different from other OSHA health rules because it covers all hazardous chemicals. The rule also incorporates a “downstream flow of information,” which means that producers of chemicals have the primary responsibility for generating and disseminating information, whereas users of chemicals must obtain the information and transmit it to their employees. Program SDS Label

3 Revisions to the Hazcom Standard
OSHA revised its Hazard Communication Standard to align with the United Nations’ Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). The changes to the Hazard Communication standard will help ensure improved quality and consistency in the classification and labeling of chemicals and it will also enhance your comprehension of the hazards of the materials with which you work. To date, manufacturers have been asked to determine what the hazards of their materials are…… for the same chemicals manufacturers sometimes came to different hazard determinations. For example, one manufacturer might say a solvent caused “dizziness, coma and death”, another might say it caused irritant symptoms and headaches. Under the GHS manufacturers have to “classify” the hazards of their chemicals according to a harmonized protocol. This will make MSDSs more consistent. Also, to date MSDSs have had different formats. The revised standard requires a consistent format. In addition to having a consistent format, your comprehension of the hazards will be improved because more information from the MSDS (now called a SDS) will be on improved labels.

4 There are Two Changes to the Hazcom Standard
1) new labeling elements and 2) a standardized format for Safety Data Sheets (SDS), formerly known as Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).

5 The New Labeling Elements
Each container of hazardous chemicals entering the workplace must be labeled or marked with: Product identifier Signal word Hazard statement(s) Pictogram(s) Precautionary statement(s) Name, address and telephone number of the manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party (f) Chemical manufacturers and importers must convey the hazard information to downstream employers by means of labels on containers and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs). Language used on the warning label does not have to be identical to that on the MSDS. Chemical manufacturers, importers, and distributors must be sure that containers of hazardous chemicals leaving the workplace are labeled, tagged, or marked with: - the identity of the chemical, - appropriate hazard warnings, and - the name and address of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party Consumer products having labels meeting requirements of the Consumer Product Safety Act do not have to have additional labeling under the HazCom Standard. Various other chemical products (for example, pesticides, foods, drugs, cosmetics, beverage alcohols) that are subject to labeling laws administered by other Federal agencies are also exempt from the labeling requirements of the HazCom Standard.

6 Label Elements Product identifier Signal word Pictogram(s)
Chemical name, code number, or batch number The product identifier can be used to find the corresponding SDS Signal word “Danger” or “Warning” Pictogram(s) Black hazard symbol with red frame. The next two slides define the label elements

7 Label Elements, cont. Hazard statement(s) Precautionary statement(s)
Describe the nature of the hazard(s) of the chemical, including where appropriate, the degree of hazard. Precautionary statement(s) A phrase that describes recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure. Name, address and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, distributor, or importer

8 Pictograms Health Hazard Skull and Crossbones Exclamation Mark
Carcinogen Acute Toxicity Irritant (skin & eye) Reproductive Toxicity (fatal or toxic) Skin Sensitizer Respiratory Sensitizer Acute Toxicity (harmful) Target Organ Toxicity Narcotic Effects Aspiration Toxicity Respiratory Tract Irritant Mutagenicity These pictograms address health hazards. Note that the “star man” corresponds to more chronic, systemic health effects; whereas the skull and crossbones and exclamation mark correspond to acute health effects. The skull and cross bones is used for more toxic effects than the exclamation mark. Also note that the label and the SDS will have a corresponding Hazard Statement that will help you understand which effect the pictogram is intended to communicate. Use this slide to discuss some of the terms used……the skull and cross bones address “acute toxicity” Acute exposures lead to symptoms that happen right away. The star man has health effects that are chronic in nature….. Chronic exposures can be low level exposures that results in health effects over time… after a “latency period”. In both cases, the inherent toxicity and the dose (quantity, ability to become airborne (VP and dustiness) and frequency of exposure will correspond to the hazard of the material.

9 Pictograms Gas Cylinder Corrosion Exploding Bomb
Gases Under Pressure Skin Corrosion/Burns Explosives Eye Damage Self-Reactives Corrosive to Metals Organic Peroxides

10 Pictograms Flame Over Circle Flame Oxidizers Flammables Pyrophorics
Self-Heating Emits Flammable Gas Self-Reactives Organic Peroxides

11 This is an example of a “hands on” exercise you could do to reinforce the training materials


13 Using this slide, ask the workers to tell you what the signal word is, what the hazard statements are and what the precautionary statements are

14 Secondary Labels Copy of manufacturer’s label or
Product identifier and words, pictures, symbols, or combination thereof, which provide at least general information regarding the hazards of the chemicals, and which, in conjunction with the other information immediately available to employees under the hazard communication program, will provide employees with the specific information regarding the physical and health hazards of the hazardous chemical Describe your company’s approach to secondary container labeling.

15 Safety Data Sheets (SDS)
Prepared by the chemical manufacturer or importer and describe: Physical hazards, such as fire and explosion Health hazards, such as signs of exposure Routes of exposure Precautions for safe handling and use Emergency and first-aid procedures Control measures Must be readily accessible to employees in their work area (g) Chemical manufacturers and importers must develop an MSDS for each hazardous chemical they produce or import, and must provide the MSDS at the time of the initial shipment to a downstream distributor or user. Distributors also must ensure that downstream employers are similarly provided an MSDS. The MSDSs must be updated by the chemical manufacturer or importer within three months of learning of "new or significant information" regarding the chemical's hazard potential. OSHA does not require that MSDSs be provided to purchasers of household consumer products (such as "windex" and "white‑out“) when the products are used in the workplace in the same manner that a consumer would use them, i.e.; where the duration and frequency of use (and therefore exposure) is not greater than what the typical consumer would experience. Employees who are required to work with hazardous chemicals in a greater duration and frequency of exposure than a normal consumer have a right to know about the properties of those hazardous chemicals.

16 The Standardized SDS Format
16 Sections Identification Hazard(s) identification Composition/information on ingredients First-aid measures Fire-fighting measures Accidental release measures Handling and storage Exposure control/personal protection

17 Safety Data Sheets (SDS)
Format: 16 Sections (cont.) Physical and chemical properties Stability and reactivity Toxicological information Ecological information Disposal information Transport information Regulatory information Other information

18 Safety Data Sheet (SDS) sample
SDS are useful for: Learning potential hazards Determining safe handling procedures Emergency response Example: send a copy along with an employee going to the Doctor after an incident.)

19 Exercise: Review a Label and the Corresponding SDS from the Workplace and Discuss:
The product identifier that is on both the label and the SDS The potential hazards of the product The recommended protective measures such as engineering controls, work practices, and the use of PPE The sections of the SDS that address these and other issues (first aid etc) The product identifier should be the same on both the label and the SDS The potential hazards are summarized by a signal word, pictorgrams and hazard statements Protective measures are summarized with Precautionary Statements The presence or release of the a hazardous chemical can be detected with exposure monitoring, observation and smell. For the exposure to be concerning there has to be a “route of exposure” Remind employees that this was a review of one hazardous material’s label and SDS. The hazcom program should be used to address all potential heatlh hazards at work.

20 Summary OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard is based on a simple concept: You have a need and a “right-to-know” about the hazards and identities of the chemicals you are exposed to when at work. You also need to know what protective measures are available to prevent adverse effects. See and for more information on hazard communication, including the following publications: Hazard Communication Guidelines for Compliance – OSHA 3111 (This is the same information that is contained in Appendix E to and is also available in Spanish.) Chemical Hazard Communication – OSHA 3084 (This is also available in Spanish.)


22 Federal OSHA’s Website

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