Roman Legion Divided into infantry and cavalry 5,000 Soldiers Every citizen had to serve for 10 years
Roman Legion Divided into smaller groups of 80 men called a century
Roman Power Grows Roman power grew slowly and steadily Eventually conquered all of Italy
The Defeated People Rome was lenient to the people they conquered –They were allowed to be full citizens if they lived on the Tiber –Those who lived further away had citizenship but could not vote.
City- State of Carthage Trading post established by Phoenicians who called it CarthageTrading post established by Phoenicians who called it Carthage Carthage becomes an independent stateCarthage becomes an independent state Grew to one of the most powerful cities in the ancient world until….Grew to one of the most powerful cities in the ancient world until….
The Second Punic War For 15 years, Hannibal moved across Italy dominating Finally a Roman general name SCIPIO defeated Hannibal.
The Third Punic War 149 BC -146 BC Cato an influential senator reminded them of the terror Hannibal laid on Italy. By this time, Carthage was no longer a threat. Romans destroy Carthage and sold all of Carthaginians into slavery!
Rome In Control Victory in the Punic Wars gave Rome control of the Mediterranean Mare Nostrum or “Our Sea”
Socrative Exit Ticket #3: Why were the Punic Wars important to the Roman Republic? #4: a.How many Punic Wars were there? b.Who was involved in the Punic Wars? c.Who was the general of Carthage, who travelled with elephants?
Julius Caesar, the dictator Ambitious military commander Conquest of Gaul Secret crossing of the Rubicon River “Veni, vedi, vici” Forced Senate to make him a dictator for life
ASSASSINATION OF CAESAR Caesar’s enemies worried he would make himself king of Rome and be too powerful Plot against him to save the Republic 44 BC killed by Brutus and Cassius in the Senate