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North and South take Different Paths

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1 North and South take Different Paths
Chapter 11

2 The Industrial Revolution
There was a great change at this time called the Industrial Revolution There were new inventions which worked in factories that produced products more quickly Capitalists made money off of these factories Steam was used as power


4 The Industrial Revolution
Women were used in factories The Lowell Girls worked for Francis Cabot Lowell, they lived in boarding houses under strict supervision After work they attended lectures or went to the library They gained education that they would not have got working on a family farm

5 The Industrial Revolution
The most important inventions were mass production and interchangeable parts. Although life for the Lowell girls was good, this was not the general rule As time went on, the conditions got worse


7 The Industrial Revolution
Children worked to help feed their families They worked in textile mills; coal mines and steel factories as young as 7 years old. They were not educated Factory conditions were not good Poor lighting Little fresh air Many workers were injured


9 The North Transformed Northern cities began to grow because of Urbanization Cities along the East coat became crowded because of immigrants arriving from Europe These growing cities had problems such as filthy streets, bad sewage systems and citywide fires

10 The North Transformed Samuel F. B. Morse invented the telegraph, which would send electrical signals over a wire They used Morse code to send messages The mechanical reaper was created to cut stalks of wheat faster then a human Steamboats and railroads began to tie the country together because people could not transport themselves, raw materials, and manufactured goods to different places quickly

11 The North Transformed Immigrants entered the United States during the 1840’s from Western Europe In Ireland, there was a famine, in which a million people starved to death, one million people moved to the United States Germans came because many had taken part of the revolutions, when the revolutions failed, they came to the US. Many Americans were worried about foreigners, they were called nativists

12 The North Transformed African Americans in the north faced discrimination Although slavery had mostly ended in the North, they were not granted equal treatment They could not work in factories or skilled trades White newspaper showed African Americans as inferior Freedom’s Journal was published by John B. Russwurm, to explain independence

13 The Plantation South In the south, slavery became very important because of all of the cotton that was being grown. The cotton gin increased the need of slaves The south as called the Cotton Kingdom People defended slavery People from the south said that slavery was more humane than factory workers



16 The Plantation South Free African Americans had laws against them, they could not go to school, vote, serve on juries or testify in court Freedmen were often captured and sold into slavery The laws against the slaves were called slave codes Some slaves had skilled jobs, most did heavy farm labor they were often whipped Families were broken apart because they were sold

17 The Plantation South Although the import of slavery was illegal by 1808, slaves still kept African customs, music and dances Turner Revolt was led by Nat Turner and said that he had a vision to kill whites He and other killed about 60


19 The Challenges of Growth
Between 1792 and 1819, 8 states joined the Union Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Louisiana, Indiana, Mississippi, Illinois and Alabama Because travel was difficult, private companies began to build turnpikes. In wet areas, corduroy roads were built

20 The Challenges of Growth
Canals were built to allow boats to reach more places

21 The Challenges of Growth
In 1819, 11 states were free states, 11 states were slave states Missouri wanted to join as a slave state The North opposed this because then votes in the Senate would not be even The Missouri Compromise allowed Missouri to join as a slave state if Main joined as a Free state This lead to future difficulties



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