Presentation on theme: "Genetic Pedigree Diagrams. What are genetic pedigree diagrams? Show how an inherited trait (characteristic) runs in a group of related individuals. You."— Presentation transcript:
What are genetic pedigree diagrams? Show how an inherited trait (characteristic) runs in a group of related individuals. You might have to interpret genetic diagrams to work out the genotypes or potential phenotypes of individuals.
Cystic Fibrosis Inherited disorder that causes the production of a thick mucus, which affects the lungs and digestive system. It is caused by a faulty recessive allele (f). A person with CF is homozygous from the allele (ff). (Ff) is a carrier of CF.
12 3 5 6 4 Unaffected male Unaffected Female Male with CF Female with CF Key shows what the shapes represent Two parents are joined by a horizontal line Vertical line goes from parents to children Children have a vertical line above them This female is CF (ff), but neither of her parents do. She must have inherited an f allele from each parent, so both parents must be carriers (Ff). This male has CF (ff), like his mother (ff). He's inherited an f allele from each parent, so his father must be a carrier (Ff).
Possible Question Work out the chances of the next child born to individuals 4 and 5 having CF.
Question Huntington's disease is caused by a dominant allele. The genetic pedigree diagram shows the inheritance of Huntington's disease in one family. 1 3 2 45 1.What is the genotype of individual 1? 2.What would the possible genotypes of the offspring produced by a cross between individuals 3 and 5? Affected female Unaffected Male
Answers 1.Heterozygous, e.g. Hh The cross between individual 1 and 2 has produced one affected child. As the unaffected child must have two recessive alleles, one from each parent, individual 1 must have one recessive allele and one dominant allele (Hh) to have the disorder and pass on an unaffected allele. 2.Heterozygous (Hh) and Homozygous recessive (hh). Individual 5 is unaffected so must be homozygous recessive (hh). Individual 3 has the disorder so must have at least one dominant allele, but they must also have one recessive allele from their unaffected parent (individual 2), so must be heterozygous (Hh)