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Teamwork 101 By Tracy L. Chenoweth.

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Presentation on theme: "Teamwork 101 By Tracy L. Chenoweth."— Presentation transcript:

1 Teamwork 101 By Tracy L. Chenoweth

2 How would you define teamwork?

3 What Exactly is Teamwork?
Teamwork is defined in Webster's New World Dictionary as "a joint action by a group of people, in which each person subordinates his or her individual interests and opinions to the unity and efficiency of the group." This does not mean that the individual is no longer important; however, it does mean that effective and efficient teamwork goes beyond individual accomplishments. The most effective teamwork is produced when all the individuals involved harmonize their contributions and work towards a common goal. 3/28/2017

4 Characteristics of Effective Teams
The following are eight characteristics of effective teams the were identified by Larson and LaFasto in their book titled Teamwork: What Must Go Right/What Can Go Wrong (Sage Publications 1989). 3/28/2017

5 #1 The team must have a clear goal.
Avoid fuzzy, motherhood statements. Team goals should call for a specific performance objective, expressed so concisely that everyone knows when the objective has been met. 3/28/2017

6 #2 The team must have a results-driven structure.
The team should be allowed to operate in a manner that produces results. It is often best to allow the team to develop the structure. 3/28/2017

7 #3 The team must have competent team members.
This can be take to mean that the problem given to the team should be one that the members can tackle given their level of knowledge. 3/28/2017

8 #4 The team must have unified commitment.
This doesn't mean that team members must agree on everything. It means that all individuals must be directing their efforts towards the goal. If an individual's efforts is going purely towards personal goals, then the team will confront this and resolve the problem. 3/28/2017

9 #5 The team must have a collaborative climate.
It is a climate of trust produced by honest, open, consistent and respectful behavior. With this climate teams perform well...without it, they 3/28/2017

10 #6 The team must have high standards that are understood by all.
Team members must know what is expected of them individually and collectively. Vague statements such as "positive attitude" and "demonstrated effort" are not good enough. 3/28/2017

11 #7 The team must receive external support and encouragement.
Encouragement and praise works just as well in motivating teams as it does with individuals. 3/28/2017

12 #8 The team must have principled leadership.
Teams usually need someone to lead the effort. Team members must know that the team leader has the position because they have good leadership skills and are working for the good of the team. The team members will be less supportive if they feel that the team leader is putting him/herself above the team, achieving personal recognition or otherwise benefiting from the position. 3/28/2017

13 Question to Ponder Is there a difference between working as a group and working as a team? 3/28/2017

14 3/28/2017

15 Did you know that Teams Actually, Grow?
What do I mean by this term, Grow? How many stages of growth would you predict? Can you name a few? 3/28/2017

16 Stages of Team Growth. It is important for the team members to know that teams don't just form and immediately start working together to accomplish great things. There are actually stages of team growth and teams must be given time to work through the stages and become effective. Team growth can be separated into four stages. 3/28/2017

17 Stage #1- Forming When a team is forming, members cautiously explore the boundaries of acceptable group behavior. They search for their position within the group and test the leader's guidance. It is normal for little team progress to occur during this stage. 3/28/2017

18 Stage #2- Storming Storming is probably the most difficult stage for the group. Members often become impatient about the lack of progress, but are still inexperienced with working as a team. Members may argue about the actions they should take because they faced with ideas that are unfamiliar to them and put them outside their comfort zones. Much of their energy is focused on each other instead of achieving the goal. 3/28/2017

19 Stage #3- Norming During this stage team members accept the team and begin to reconcile differences. Emotional conflict is reduced as relationships become more cooperative. The team is able to concentrate more on their work and start to make significant progress. 3/28/2017

20 Stage #4- Performing By this stage the team members have discovered and accepted each other's strengths and weaknesses, and learned what their roles are. Members are open and trusting and many good ideas are produced because they are not afraid to offer ideas and suggestions. They are comfortable using decision making tools to evaluate the ideas, prioritize tasks and solve problems. Much is accomplished and team satisfaction and loyalty is high. 3/28/2017

21 Do We Need Stage #5 What about when a group dissolves or transforms into another team or group dynamic? We could call that Dissolving or Transforming. 3/28/2017

22 Let’s Watch this Clip 3/28/2017

23 Lets Play Ball Divide the participants up into small groups of about 5-8 people. Each group is in competition with the other groups in the room. The group who can complete the most "circuits" in a given time will be the winner. A completed circuit occurs when every person in the group has touched the tennis ball. Only one person in the group can touch the tennis ball at one time (therefore the ball must be tossed rather than passed.) If the ball ever touches the floor, then production must stop for 30 seconds. 3/28/2017

24 We will need Consensus on how the balls will be tossed (direction, etc.) Who is going to note the 30 second rule Who is going to count the circuits 3/28/2017

25 Situations that will occur
Someone is on vacation Someone is sick/injured but working Someone is late Someone is mad/angry/upset/emotional Production has been increased/busy Someone is a semi-non-participant 3/28/2017

26 What did you learn? What did you see? What did you hear?
What did you expect? What did you learn? 3/28/2017

27 Okay, Now What? We have defined what teamwork is
We have listed the characteristics of effective teams We know the difference between groups and team We know that teams and teamwork forms over time So now what? 3/28/2017

28 NOW, lets get personal!! Be as honest as you can!
On a scale of 1 – 5 (one being the least) rate yourself on the following skill sets. 1. Listening 6. Sharing 2. Questioning 7. Participating 3. Persuading 4. Respecting 5. Helping Be as honest as you can! 3/28/2017

29 Listening Listening is a skill. Listening and hearing are not the same
You are not born with listening skills Listening incorporates more than your ears It includes your body language Your eyes Your brain Your facial expressions 3/28/2017

30 Listening Example One of you is going to talk to me about something and I am going to show you what really is going on. Let’s have some fun Sample Talk and what is going on in my head Talk and doing too much Talk and on the phone Talk and upset or emotional What others have you noticed? 3/28/2017

31 Top 10 List Most people spend roughly 70% of their waking hours in some form of verbal communication. Yet, how many of us have ever had any formal training in the art of listening? Here are ten things you can do to improve your listening skills. 3/28/2017

32 1-6 Approach the listening experience from a state of calmness. No agendas, no predispositions, no expected outcomes, no guessing what is next Never rule out any topic of discussion as uninteresting. Accept the speaker's message Listen for the whole message. Don't get hung up on the speaker's delivery. Avoid structured listening. 3/28/2017

33 7-10 7. Tune out distractions. 8. Be alert to your own prejudices.
9. Resist the temptation to rebut. 10. Take notes sparingly. 3/28/2017

34 Also Important Eye contact — Always direct your visual attention to the person with whom you are conversing or listening. Body language — Always keep your body in attention. If your body is slouched, your attention span may slack and your listening skills may weaken. Responses — When asked, answer questions in complete sentences. Repetition — Repeat specific comments said by the person with whom you are conversing or listening. Gentility — Be kind. People appear to be good listeners when they want to listen to others. If you look like you're listening "just because," then your listening skills will appear less than perfect. 3/28/2017

35 Communication is Key Pencil and Paper Challenge In groups of two
Need a pencil or pen Need two pieces of paper 3/28/2017

36 What did you learn? What did you see? What did you hear?
What did you expect? What did you learn? 3/28/2017

37 Review of Key Points Be as honest as you can!
On a scale of 1 – 5 (one being the least) rate yourself on the following skill sets. 1. Listening 6. Sharing 2. Questioning 7. Participating 3. Persuading 4. Respecting 5. Helping Be as honest as you can! 3/28/2017

38 R.E.S.P.E.C.T Find out what it means to me? 3/28/2017

39 Respect and Behavioral Styles
Behavioral research suggests that about three quarters of the people you work with have a significantly different approach to interpersonal interactions. 3/28/2017

40 Do you ever wonder why... You get the reaction or response from others that you do? You have friction with someone though you're both working for the same goals? Some people get bogged down in detail and can't see the big picture!? Some people can only see the big picture and have no patience for detail!? Some people can't keep up with the pace of change? Others seem to thrive on creating change? 3/28/2017

41 Did you know? Successful personal relationships often depend on "getting off on the right foot". Being able to quickly recognize a person's behavioral style and interact appropriately are critical to this process. 3/28/2017

42 Hippocrates The Greek physician and philosopher Hippocrates first recognized behavior styles in 400 BC. He identified four basic types of temperaments and linked them with liquids in the body. Today, we know that there is no link with bodily fluids, but Hypocrites’ original concept of four styles or temperaments has remained. He called them Choleric, Sanguine, Melancholy, and Phlegmatic. 3/28/2017

43 Choleric, Directive, Assertive, Dominant, Controller
Directive people have high expectations of themselves and others. They make quick decisions, are self-reliant, are usually comfortable taking risks, and are results oriented. However, these individuals can also be competitive, determined, have lower active listening skills and can crave power. Choleric people are often seen as demanding and driven. This is the person that rushes in with a big idea that he/she thinks should be implemented right away. Getting along with these folks requires that you: ask specific questions; be as direct as you can; use goals and ends to get them on board; don’t interrupt; and always deal with the fact, not the person. 3/28/2017

44 Melancholy, Analytic, Logical, Compliant
Analytical people are those that examine the data and prefer process and order. They are accurate, conscientious, precise and deliberate. They may want additional time to make decisions, are considered to have their emotions under control, and may be hesitant to take risks. Logical people are often seen as being obsessed with data, unable to make a decision, and slow moving. This is the person who has to have the chart “just so” before it is published, or that corrects all your spelling and grammar mistakes. They would probably have a map of where they are going before leaving home for a new destination. Getting along with these folks requires that you: be prepared and know your facts; use specific data in an analytical form; use examples; and allow time for processing and decision making. 3/28/2017

45 Sanguine, Creative, Persuader, Expressive, Influential
The creative person is that motivating, energizing, outgoing person who inspires us all. Other characteristics include generous, influential, and socially confident. This individual may be seen as dramatic, emotional, and impulsive. Sanguine people are often seen as being eccentric and overly dramatic. These folks consider the environment around them and how things “feel”. Often, this is the person who suggests that everyone wear a funny hat to work for April Fool’s day. Getting along with these folks requires that you: spend time on the relationship, use ideas that elicit an emotional response, use incentives, and request their opinion. 3/28/2017

46 Phlegmatic, Empathetic, Stabilizer, Amiable, Steady
Empathetic people care about including everyone, they are patient, supportive and considerate. These folks are easy going and dependable and would just like everyone to get along. They are often seen as deliberate, questioning, and too concerned with other’s feelings. Phlegmatic people are often seen as the “softies” of the office; caring about others and considering how others might feel. These folks care for the team and will ask for input from everyone. They are often accused of caring too much and being too “touchy-feely”. Getting along with these folks requires that you: show concern; create a supportive environment; request input and suggestions; and ask a lot of questions 3/28/2017

47 F.A.C.T.S We each have a combination of styles, some stronger in one area than others. The key to effective communication is being aware of your own style and accommodating others’ styles. This accommodation can be uncomfortable and take a lot of energy, but it is worth it when improved communication is the result. 3/28/2017

48 Which One are You? Choleric, Directive, Assertive, Dominant, Controller Melancholy, Analytic, Logical, Compliant Sanguine, Creative, Persuader, Expressive, Influential Phlegmatic, Empathetic, Stabilizer, Amiable, Steady 3/28/2017

49 Combination Do you see yourself being a combination of these 4 at times? Can you be any one of these at any given time? Do situations/circumstances make a difference? Can you explain? 3/28/2017

50 Question to Ponder Do you or have you worked with any of these people?
Don’t call out any names – to keep from embarrassing others Office People 3/28/2017

51 What did you learn? What did you see? What did you hear?
What did you expect? What did you learn? 3/28/2017

52 Review of Key Points Be as honest as you can!
On a scale of 1 – 5 (one being the least) rate yourself on the following skill sets. 1. Listening 6. Sharing 2. Questioning 7. Participating 3. Persuading 4. Respecting 5. Helping Be as honest as you can! 3/28/2017

53 It is not on the list, but…
It is still very important Be careful, your Attitude is showing!! 3/28/2017

54 F.A.C.T.S Work has become more demanding on employees.
Employee-Employer Relationships have become less hierarchical and more transactional. Employees are moving away from long-term relationships. Employees have less confidence in long-term rewards and have greater short-term expectations. Immediate supervisors are now the most important people in the workplace. Supervising employees requires more time and skill on the part of managers. 3/28/2017

55 Why? Has work become more demanding on employees?
Have employee-employer relationships have become less hierarchical and more transactional? Are employees are moving away from long-term relationships? Do employees have less confidence in long-term rewards and have greater short-term expectations? Have immediate supervisors become the most important people in the workplace? Why is supervising employees requiring more time and skill on the part of managers? 3/28/2017

56 We can’t change “Progress”
But we can take steps to ensure that we have healthy attitudes toward work and our personal lives. 3/28/2017

57 Top 10 List Think like you want to be It's tough to be happy, joyful, successful, etc. if you don't think that you are a happy, joyful, and successful person. Think it first, then do it! 2. Smile There's no arguing with this one -- research has shown the smiling has both psychological and physiological effects. So, put a smile on your face and you'll be on your way to a change in attitude! 3. Immerse yourself Read books, articles, magazines that help you understand and adopt the new attitude. Watch films or listen to music that inspires you and encourages you to change. 4. Change your actions It's hard to change your attitude if you keep doing the same old stuff the same old way. Do things differently to start thinking differently. 3/28/2017

58 8. Get a little help from your friends
5. Change your environment- Make your environment reflect the attitude you wish to have. Create the physical space that makes you eager to change. 6. Follow the leader -Find someone who already has the attitude you wish to have. Follow their lead, learn from their example. 7. Help others (and help yourself)- One of the fastest ways to change your attitude is to take the focus off yourself and to help others in need. 8. Get a little help from your friends Let everyone know what you're doing and enlist their support to help you change and give you ideas. The more you feel like you're part of a group effort, the more likely you are to be successful. 3/28/2017

59 9. Get a pro- If the change you desire to make is a big one or is extremely radical, consider getting the help of a mentor, counselor, or coach. These professionals can reduce the time & frustration involved as well as provide you with many new ideas to help you grow. 10. Be patient- Recognize that most changes occur slowly, over an extended period of time. If you don't get immediate results, don't be surprised and DON'T QUIT! Keep working, it'll come. 3/28/2017

60 Keep these things in mind
Everyone has a bad day Everyone has a full plate Everyone has problems, heartache, happiness and great days You are responsible to take good care of yourself You can make a difference, even if ever so slight 3/28/2017

61 When in despair When you are full of despair over a particular situation in life on at work ask yourself this question. “Would this problem be important enough for the aliens to stop and take a look at.” (haha). 3/28/2017

62 Thank You Question and Answer session 3/28/2017

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