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Rich Formative Assessment: Critical Component of Instruction

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1 Rich Formative Assessment: Critical Component of Instruction
Denise White WVDE Office of Instruction

2 Anticipation Guide On your table you will find a half sheet of paper.
Read the statements and respond by marking A (Agree) or D (Disagree) Keep your answers private – no discussions Turn your papers over when finished

3 Discussion As a table group, please discuss the following questions:
When were you assessed and it was a negative experience? What made it so? When were you assessed and it was a positive experience? What made it so?

4 What is formative assessment?

5 Formative Assessment

6 Formative Assessment takes place during the learning process
informs both teachers and students allows teachers to adjust instruction involves students cannot be separated from the instructional process is Classroom Assessment for Learning

7 Formative Assessment gives teachers information that they can use to inform their teaching and improve learning while it is in progress and while the outcome of the race can still be influenced. Laura Greenstein What Teachers Really Need to Know about Formative Assessment

8 Formative Assessment:
Focuses instruction on informed priorities Allows for customized learning Encourages teachers and students to work together toward achievement Increases student engagement and motivation Increases coherence between curriculum, instruction and assessment

9 The Cycle of Formative Assessment
Identification of Objectives, Goals, Standards Targeted Instruction Data Gathering Data Analysis Responding to Data

10 Essential Principles Formative Assessment is Student Focused
Instructionally Informative Outcomes Based

11 Student Focused Formative Assessment helps teachers
Consider each student’s learning needs and styles and adapt instruction Track individual student achievement Provide appropriately challenging instructional activities Design student assessments Offer all students opportunities for improvement through descriptive feedback

12 Instructionally Informative
Formative Assessment Provides a way to align standards, content, and assessment Allows for purposeful selection of strategies Embeds assessment in instruction Guides instructional decisions

13 Outcomes Based Formative Assessment Emphasizes learning outcomes
Makes goals and objectives transparent to students Provides clear assessment criteria Closes the gap between what students know and desired outcomes Provides feedback that is relevant, comprehensible, actionable Provides valuable diagnostic information by generating informative data

14 Formative Assessment focuses on achieving goals rather than determining if a goal was or was not met.

15 Research “Formative Assessment shows an effect size of between .4 and .7, the equivalent of going from the 50th percentile to the 65th percentile.” Paul Black & Dylan Wiliam, 1998 “Inside the Black Box: Raising Standards Through Classroom Assessment”

16 Why Involve Students? Formative Assessment can
Boost student achievement Increase student motivation High School Survey of Student Engagement 80,000 students from 19 states Less than 50% discussed grades and/or assignments with a teacher Almost half did not receive prompt feedback Only 57% contributed to class discussions Only half got to make choices about what they study Findings: Providing frequent feedback and choices through formative assessment can help students see progress and feel supported, often changing their motivation. (Heritage, 2007)

17 Seven Strategies Where am I going? Where am I now?
Provide clear Learning Target Use exemplars of strong and weak work Where am I now? Provide descriptive feedback Teach students to self-assess & set goals How can I close the gap? 5. Design lessons to focus on one aspect Teach students focused revision Engage students in self-reflection, let them keep track of and share their learning Stiggins, 2006

18 Anticipation Guide Look at the statements again
Change any Agrees or Disagrees based on new information you have gained Discuss your answers with a partner

19 Formative assessment is done at the end of the learning process.
Formative assessment is used only for the teacher to adjust instruction. Students are graded on every formative assessment. Formative instruction and instruction go hand-in-hand. Formative assessment can help teachers differentiate instruction. Formative assessment can affect scores on summative assessments.

20 Where Can Teachers Find More about Formative Assessments?











31 Frayer Model Take a blank sheet of paper
Fold it in half, then in half again Bend the corner in Open it flat and write Formative Assessment in the center diamond Label sections as shown on next slide

32 Definition in your own words: Facts/ Characteristics:
Formative Assessment Examples: Nonexamples:







39 Inside Outside Circle Count off 1, 2, 1, 2 …….
1s form a circle with your back to the inside 2s find a partner who is a 1 and face them forming an outside circle Be prepared to discuss with your partner when the teacher directs





44 3-2-1 Exit Slip Take an index card from the table
3 Things you learned about Formative Assessment 2 Strategies that you think will be valuable to teachers 1 Question you still may have

45 Formative Assessment used during this presentation
Anticipation Guide Think-Pair-Share Discussion Frayer Model Inside – Outside Circle Observation Exit Slip

46 Questions about Formative Assessment

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