3 Subject / Verb Agreement A subject must agree with a verb in number.Singular subjects take singular verbsEx)Election Day is tomorrow.My grandfather trains dogs.
4 Subject / Verb Agreement Plural subjects take plural verbsTeachers are nerds.Harold and Kumar go to White Castle.
5 Subject / Verb Agreement Collective nouns can be singular or plural, depending on how they are used in a sentence.General Motors is holding its annual meeting in DetroitThe Chicago Bears were awesome.
6 Subject / Verb Agreement Indefinite PronounsSome are singular, some are plural, and some can be singular or plural, depending on how they are used.
7 Subject / Verb Agreement Indefinite PronounsSingular (need to remember these):Anybody, anyone, anything, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, neither, nobody, no one, nothing, one, somebody, someone, something.Ex) Everyone in America loves tourists.
8 Subject / Verb Agreement The following indefinite pronouns are plural (need to remember these):Both, few, many and severalEx. Both of the chefs were Swedish.
9 Subject / Verb Agreement The indefinite pronouns all, any, more, most, none, and some may be singular or plural, depending on their meaning in a sentenceMost of the food has already been eaten.Most of the hot dogs have already been eaten.
10 Subject / Verb agreement Compound SubjectsSubjects joined by and usually take a plural verbEx) Mr. Kelly and Mr. Waterman smell weird.Subjects joined by or or nor take on a singular verbEx) Mr. Kelly or Mr. Waterman smells weird.
11 Subject / Verb Agreement The LEAST you need to know:Agreement means that sentence parts matchSubjects must agree with verbs
12 Your turnPage 100 – Exercise 2: Identifying Subject and Verbs that Agree in Number
13 Pronoun / Antecedent Agreement A pronoun usually refers to a noun or another pronoun, which is called the pronoun’s antecedent.
14 Pronoun / Antecedent Agreement A pronoun must agree in number.Singular pronouns refer to singular antecedentsKung-fu star Jim Kelly made his debut in the movie Black Belt Jones.Plural pronouns refer to plural antecedentsBeth and Lisa talk on their phones
15 Pronoun / Antecedent agreement Pronouns must agree in genderEx) Tony eats his Frosted Flakes
16 Pronoun / Antecedent Agreement Pronouns must agree in personFirst person: I need a transcript of my grades.Second person: Have you fastened your seatbelt?Third person: They create their own dances.
17 Pronoun / Antecedent Agreement Indefinite PronounsSee page for list of indefinite pronouns. You will be responsible for these.
18 Pronoun / Antecedent Agreement The most common of errors:When the subject is singular, use either his, her or a combination of both.WRONG:Each student completes their homework.RIGHT:Each student completes his/her homework.Each student completes his or her homework.Each student completes her homework.Each student completes his homework.
19 Pronoun / Antecedent Agreement The LEAST you need to knowMake a pronoun clearly refer to a single antecedentPlace pronouns close to their antecedents.Make a pronoun refer to a definite antecedent
20 Your turnPage 114 Exercise 5: Supplying Pronouns that Agree with Their Antecedent
21 To Study for quizPages 119 – 121: Chapter Review