2 Production animals other than those traditionally raised usually in small scale and provides a product for a specialty market
3 ProductionSome producers may supplement their traditional operation with alternative animals.Many specialty animal producers use the enterprise as a hobby or a part time income
4 Rabbit Production have been raised for food for hundreds of years. Romans produced rabbits as far back as 250 BC and used rabbit meat as a substantial part of their diet.
5 Rabbit Productionthe Phoenicians were great sailors who did a great deal of tradingThey were given credit for introducing domesticated rabbits as far back as 1100 BC.
6 US Rabbit Productionrabbits were brought into the country around 1900 and were produced in large rabbitries in California.Since that early beginning, the industry has grown all across the country.
7 Rabbit Production produced by small, part-time growers. Several large commercial operations in the US
8 Rabbit Productionexperts estimate that between 7 and 10 million rabbits are produced each yearAmericans consume million pounds of rabbit meat each year
9 Rabbit Productionsome rabbit meat consumed in the US is imported from EuropeFrance is the largest rabbit producerRabbit production is larger in Europe
10 Rabbit ProductionAmerican Rabbit Breeders Assn (ARBA) registers and promotes all breeds of purebred rabbits grown in this country.
11 Rabbit Production can be raised under almost any climatic condition. Facilities take up little spaceraised indoors in cages called hutches
12 Rabbit Productionusually heated in the winter and cooled in the summer to provide comfort for the animalsin milder climates, the rabbit house may be insulated and not need to be heated or cooled
13 Rabbit Productionrabbits gain weight on relatively small amounts of feedfeed efficiency for rabbits is 2.5:1for every 2.5 pounds of feed the animal eats, it gains one pound
14 Rabbit Productionrabbits can also be fed lower quality feed than some other animalsdemand for rabbit meat is much greater than the supplymany restaurants offer dishes made from rabbit
15 Rabbit ProductionUSDA points out that rabbit meat is one of the most nutritious meats availablehigh in protein and low in fat and cholesteroleasily digestible and flavorful
16 Rabbit Production also used as a source of fur used by scientists in research ranging from medical to product testingpopular as pets
17 Rabbit Production very prolific produce young 30 days after breeding raise 4 to 5 litters per yearlitters consist of up to 8 per litter
18 Rabbit Productionsome breeds reach sexual maturity at five months of age
19 Rabbit Productionin 1859 sailors released a pair (2) of wild European rabbits in AustraliaIn 30 years, over 20,000,000 rabbits inhabited the country
20 Rabbit Productionrabbits became a serious pest in both Australia and New Zealandthey have no natural predators in these countries
21 Rabbit Productionextreme measures have been taken to control the wild rabbit populationrabbits are slaughtered for meat at 8 weeks of age
22 Rabbit Productionoffer great potential for developing countries that have ample roughage to feed animals but are short on graincan produce much needed protein on relatively inexpensive feed.
23 Rabbit Production US has potential to develop the rabbit meat market consumers have trouble eating something cute and cuddly.
24 Llama production native to South America belong to the same family as camelsin Chile, Peru and Bolivia were raised by the ancient Inca’s for work animals
25 Llama productionwell adapted to the cool, thin mountain air of the Andes mountainscan adapt to most climatic conditions
26 Llama productionhave developed into an animal industry in the US over the past 15 yearsestimated that there are about 20,000 llamas in the US and the number is growing
27 Llama production llamas stand three to four feet high at the shoulders weigh between 250 and 400 pounds when maturecan carry heavy packs for long distances
28 Llama production can go longer than many animals without water can survive on low quality foragetwo types of fibers in their coats - long guard hairs
29 Llama production short fibers that keep the animal warm fiber length may range from 3-10 inches
30 Llama productionused as pack animals in the western US for camping and hunting trips into the mountainshair is made into rope
31 Llama productionAlpaca - close relative to the llama is desired for its high quality wool which is made into rugs and blankets
32 Fish Bait Productionearthworms are grown in beds that have been built up by loose porous materialsinclude shredded paper, shredded cardboard, garden compost, grass clippings
33 Fish Bait Production straw, well decayed manure the pH of the bedding is closely monitored and kept slightly acidic ( pH 6.8)
34 Fish Bait Production beds are kept moist lights are used to prevent the worms from crawling out of the bedsworms are sensitive to light and only come out at night
35 Fish Bait Productionif the worms sense light they will stay in the bottom of the bedworms are fed vegetable scraps and cornmeal
36 Fish Bait Production worms mature at about two months of age packed and marketed with about 100 worms or 25 night crawlers per container
37 Fish Bait Productionearthworms are also sold to gardeners because they help improve the soilcreate pores in the soil to improve air and water movement
38 Fish Bait Productionalso produce castings (manure) which helps enrich the soil
39 Crickets raised in wooden boxes floors are covered with sand in which the adults lay their eggssand is covered with fine wood shavings or other shredded material
40 Crickets heat lamps are used to warm the sand until the eggs hatch crickets are caged and shipped to bait outlets where they are sold to fishermen
41 Ostrich Productionostriches are the largest existing bird in the world. Mature males may stand as tall as nine feet and weigh as much as 330lbs. The sheer size of the bird makes them valuable for meat, feathers and leather.
42 Ostrich Productionthe leather is of exceptional quality in that it is very soft, durable texture. The plumage of the male is quite attractive and is used in decorating and clothing.
43 Ostrich Productioneggs are currently too valuable to use for any purpose other than broodingthe potential exists for eggs to be used as a food source.One egg equals the content of 24 chicken eggs.
44 Ostrich Productionraised to a limited extent in the U.S. Because of their low numbers, they are quite expensive to buy.Allows people to make a good profit by selling young ostriches to people to raise
45 Ostrich Productionthe birds have to be kept within a high fence and require protection from cold weather.Sand must be provided for the females to build their nests and lay their eggs.
46 Ostrich Productionthe adults are hardy and resistant to disease, but the chicks are susceptible and are therefore watched under close supervision.
47 Ostrich Productionone drawback to raising ostriches is that the animal can be quite dangerous.They defend themselves by flailing their legs and kicking.
48 Ostrich Productiontheir toenails are sharp and can severely injure or even kill a person they attack.Extreme caution has to be taken in the daily feeding and care of the birds.
49 Laboratory Animal Prod. Lab animals are used by scientists for conducting experiments for things such as: food, medicines, and cosmeticsconsiderable controversy over the use of animals for experimentation
50 Laboratory Animal Prod. No one can deny the benefits that humans have brought about through animal researchanimals are raised under strict conditions
51 Laboratory Animal Prod. The animals have no genetic defectsharbor no disease organismstainted animals would cause a well designed experiment to have skewed results
52 Honey bees classified as an insect because of insect like characteristicsalso classified as an important agricultural animal
53 Honey bees many crops would not survive without the help from bees most ag animals rely on bees to pollinate the plants that they eat
54 Honey beesbees assist pollination by scattering pollen from one plant to the next as they gather nectar and pollenmost insects work on flowers and go from one type of flower to another
55 Honey bees bees work a particular kind of flower for a period of time this process ensures that blossoms are thoroughly pollinated
56 Honey beesfruit growers hire beekeepers to bring in truckloads of bees in the spring when the trees are bloomingbees are kept in wooden boxes called hives
57 Honey bees each hive is a separate colony of bees beekeepers can move the hives around to different orchards for a small fee.
58 Honey beesin addition, the beekeeper harvests hundreds of pounds of honey each yearbees produce and store honey for food during the winterhoney is made from nectar the bees gather from flowers
59 Honey bees different flowers produce different nectar makes different colors and flavors of honeybees store honey in six sided cells joined together to create a honeycomb
60 Honey bees the cells are made from wax the bees produce beekeepers help bees get started by placing foundations comb frames on which they build the rest of the comb
61 Honey bees the frames are hung into boxes called supers beekeeper needs to keep enough space between the supers so the bees don’t fuse them together
62 Honey bees this is usually about 3/8 inch enough space for two bees to work back to back
63 Honey bees beekeeper must pry the supers apart in order to remove them bees fuse them together with propoils - a sticky substance from tree sap
64 Honey beeshoney is harvested by extracting it from the cells without damaging themempty frames are put back into the superthe super is put back into the hive
65 Honey bees bees fill the frames again harvested honey is processed, packaged and sold
66 Types of bees within a colony there are three types of bees queen dronesworkers
67 Queen exists to lay eggs for the hive she lays thousands of eggs in her lifetimeother bees feed and care for her
68 Queen she is recognized as queen because she is larger and slender kept in the lower part of the hive called the brood chamber
69 Queenentrances are large enough for the workers to pass through but too small for the queen to pass throughprevents the queen from laying eggs in the comb - honey
70 Queen lays eggs in larger cells called brood cells eggs hatch into larvae and are fed by the worker beeslarvae develop into pupae and then into adults
71 Drones are male bees whose specific purpose is to mate with the queen when the new queen emerges she goes on a maiden flightduring the flight she mates with all the drones
72 Drones drones are then removed from the hive by worker bees are not allowed to winter in the hivein spring, new drones will hatch
73 Workers sterile females some collect nectar and pollen some care for the queensome scout the area for pollensome serve as guard bees at the service entrance
74 Workers serve short six week lives so continual reproducing is done by the queen and drones
75 Queencan be produced commercially in small hives called nukes
76 New Queens when a hive becomes crowded bees produce a special large cell called a queen celllarva in this cell is fed a special substance called royal jelly
77 New Queenswhen the new queen emerges the old queen will leave with a portion of the beescalled a swarmand form a new colony
78 Africanized bees nicknamed the killer bee aggressive nature scientists from Brazil imported the killer bee to cross with regular bees
79 Africanized beesthe idea was to produce a hybrid of honey bee that would be more productivewill invade a bee colonykill the queen and replace her with their own queen
80 Africanized bees her eggs will hatch into African bees adapted to tropical climatesdo not thrive in temperate climates