5 What charge is an atom with more electrons than protons? Negative Charge
6 What do atoms with opposite charges do? Attract each other
7 Where are electrons located? Moving around the outside of the nucleus
8 What is a neutral atom?The number of protons equals the number of electrons. NO CHARGE
9 What if the number of protons and neutrons are not equal? Then there will be some kind of charge.
10 What does the movement of electrons produce? Produces electricity
11 What is a form of energy produced by moving electrons, also known as electrical energy? Electricity
12 What is electricity used for? Run lights in homes, schools, offices, street and traffic lightsToaster and electric ovens produce heat from electricityHomes are heated by electricityRadios
13 What are the four types of energy can electricity change into What are the four types of energy can electricity change into? Give examples.Light EnergyMechanical EnergyHeat EnergySound Energy
14 What is a magnet made by coiling a wire around a piece of iron and running electricity through the wire?electromagnet
15 How does electricity make magnetism? When electricity flows through a wire, it makes a magnetic field around the wire.
16 When can electromagnets be very useful? They can be turned on and off
17 Where else can electromagnets be used? Hold heavy fire doors openFor cranes in steel recycling centersLift metal objects off of ships
18 What are the two main parts of a motor? The coil of wire and a magnet
19 How is an electric motor like an electric generator? They both involve a spinning coil
20 How is an electric motor different from an electric generator? The electric generator=Turns spinning motion (mechanical energy) into electricityThe electric motor=Turns electricity into a spinning motion
21 What is the buildup of charges when the number of protons and electrons are no longer equal? Static electricity
22 Why do clothes stick together when you pull them out of a dryer? When clothes are in the dryer and rub together, some have a positive and some have a negative charge.This causes them to stick together.
23 What is the shock you feel when you pull off a sweater? Static discharge
24 Why is there a static discharge? This is when electrons are moving around to try and balance out the charges and make them neutral.
25 How does lightning have a static discharge? Collisions between water droplets in a cloud cause the drops to become charged.Negative=BottomPositive=TopElectrons jump causing lightning
26 What causes thunder?The lightning heats the air, causing it to expand. As cooler air rushes in to fill the empty space, you hear thunder.
27 How is static electricity considered potential energy? Energy is stored and a static charge builds up.
28 There needs to be a steady flow of electrons. Why isn’t a static discharge a good energy source since it is kinetic energy?A very short burstThere needs to be a steady flow of electrons.
29 When electrons have a path to follow, they will move in a steady flow instead of building up a static discharge. This is known as?Electric Current
30 Electricity that is a kind of kinetic energy as stated above is considered? Current Electricity
31 What is needed to keep currents flowing? A constant supply of electrons is needed.
33 How many volts can one lightning strike have? 1 billion volts of electricity
34 What is the rate at which electric current flows measured in? Amps
35 What do we call the measure of electric energy used by an electric device every second? Watts
36 Since watts are very small units, what is electrical use measure in? kilowatts
37 How many watts is one kilowatt? One kilowatt = 1,000 watts
38 What should wires with electricity flowing through them have on them and why? Plastic around wire to work as an insulator against the electrical current
39 What is the path an electric current follows? Electric circuit
40 What two things does an electric circuit need for a current to flow? Needs a source of current, or electronsCircuit has to be complete
41 What if there is a break in the circuit? The current will not flow.
42 What happens when a circuit is on? The circuit is completeLights come on
43 What happens when a circuit is off? Breaks the flow of currentLight goes out
44 What circuit has only one path to follow? Series Circuit
45 What will happen if you remove any part of a series circuit? Breaks the circuit, and current stops flowing
46 What would it be like to have series circuits at home? All electric devices would have to be switched on all the timeIf you unplugged a radio, all the lights in your home would go out!
47 When was series circuits used? Light signs, scoreboards, string of Christmas lights
48 What circuit is more convenient because it has more than one path for currents to follow? Parallel circuit
49 Give some examples of parallel circuits. You are able to turn certain items off and on without turning everything in a building off and on
50 Why does parallel circuits have a huge advantage over series circuits? If one appliance is turned off, the others stay on.You can connect more devices by using a parallel circuit.In a series circuit, lights will become dimmer if too many lights are added.
51 What do engineers have to do when they are designing a new design for a building or item? Draw diagrams
52 What is shown in a simple series circuit diagram? Light bulb and a battery
53 What is shown in the circuit diagram of car electrical circuits? Many different symbols and wires