Presentation on theme: "Bellringer: EOCT Review Questions What were the causes of the War of 1812, and how did the War effect Americans’ national identity?"— Presentation transcript:
Bellringer: EOCT Review Questions What were the causes of the War of 1812, and how did the War effect Americans’ national identity?
d. Describe the construction of the Erie Canal, the rise of New York City, and the development of the nation’s infrastructure. a. Explain the impact of the Industrial Revolution as seen in Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin and his development of interchangeable parts for muskets. the rise of New York City, and the development of the nation’s infrastructure. Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution: YOU Predict The Industrial Revolution, as it is now called by historians, changed the ways in which the world produced its goods. It also changed our societies from a mainly agricultural society to one that in which industry and manufacturing was in control. YOU PREDICT: What were some positive effects? What were some negative effects? Watch the Clip: http://www.history.com/videos/the- industrial-revolition#the-industrial-revolition Watch the Clip: http://www.history.com/videos/the- industrial-revolition#the-industrial-revolition
Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution: Period in history in which technological advances led to mass economic changes. Began in Britain Machines replace manual labor
Eli Whitney Whitney was one of the early founders of the "American system" of mass production Identical parts were produced by machines, and then assembled by hand Whitney popularized the machine which produced interchangeable parts for guns
Eli Whitney Invented the Cotton Gin as a means of easily separating the seeds from the cotton The Gin was mass produced using interchangeable parts Increased the amount of cotton that the South produced, increasing the demand for slaves
Why were Eli Whitney’s ideas so Important? The cotton gin reduced the cost of producing cotton and greatly raised the profit from growing it. Interchangeable parts made it possible for people to keep their items (i.e. musket) after the item was fixed, instead of having to throw it away because it would never work again. Semi-skilled or unskilled workers could work in factories to produce these items, instead of needing a skilled laborer.
Erie Canal Completed in 1825, it allowed goods to be shipped by water from NYC to the west The canal boats could carry greater loads than wagons The 365 mile canal was dug by hand, mainly by Irish immigrants
Erie Canal The Erie Canal helped turn NYC into a major port leading to an increase in the city’s population and the development of industries
Other Transportation Developments Steamboats: First used in 1807, allowed easier transportation of goods upriver Railroads: between 1830 and 1861, the US built 30,000 miles of railroads (What industries would this benefit?)
The Monroe Doctrine Named after President James Monroe -Issued in 1823, the Doctrine marked the start of the U.S. policy of preventing European powers from further colonizing and interfering with western hemisphere countries
Monroe Doctrine What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine? (click the box above to watch the video) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kInJWF5 --jE