# Effective Decision Making

## Presentation on theme: "Effective Decision Making"— Presentation transcript:

Effective Decision Making

The Eight Elements of Effective Decisions
Problem Objectives Alternatives Consequences Tradeoffs Uncertainty Risk Tolerance Linked Decisions

Effective Decision Making
Problem Be creative about your problem definition. Turn problems into opportunities. Reexamine your problem definition as you go. Maintain your perspective.

Effective Decision Making
Objectives Let your objectives be your guide. Objectives determine what information you seek. Objectives can help you explain your choices to others. Master the art of identifying objectives.

Effective Decision Making
Alternatives Don’t box yourself in with limited alternatives Use your objectives and ask “how?” Set high aspirations Never stop looking for alternatives Think outside the box Brainstorm (See Rules for Brainstorming) Give your subconscious time to operate Incubate

Effective Decision Making
Consequences Compare alternatives using a payoff matrix. See Game Theory presentation at Use experts to help define consequences.

Payoff Matrix Assigning weights is the most difficult decision. KBBB
Go No Go Go 4, 2* 3, 4 * KAAA, KBBB KAAA 2, 1 1, 3 No go Assigning weights is the most difficult decision. 11

Effective Decision Making
Tradeoffs Use swaps. Determining the relative value of different consequences is the hard part.

Effective Decision Making
Uncertainty Use risk profiles to simplify decisions involving uncertainty. What are the key uncertainties? What are the possible outcomes of these uncertainties? What are the chances of occurrence of each possible outcome? What are the consequences of each outcome? Use experts to help define possible outcomes.

Effective Decision Making
Uncertainty Use a Decision Tree. Alternatives - Uncertainty - Consequences

Decision Tree KBBB Go KAAA Go KBBB No Go KAAA KAAA No Go KBBB Go
10

Effective Decision Making
Risk Tolerance Understand and calibrate your group’s tolerance to take risks. Incorporate your risk tolerance into all of your decisions.

Effective Decision Making*
Linked Decisions Linked decisions are complex. Ask: “How will this decision affect other people, other departments, other brands, other company divisions, partners, the industry?” Based on the book Smart Choices: A Practical Guide to Making Better Decisions, John S. Hammond, Ralph L. Keeney, Howard Raiffa, Harvard Business School Press, 1999.

Effective Decision Making Summary
Problem Objectives Alternatives Consequences Tradeoffs Uncertainty Risk Tolerance Linked Decisions