Presentation on theme: "01/14/01 S2K+1 Field Training Spring 2001. 01/14/01 FAR 121 Air Safety PAD Operational Responsibility shared by: –P ilots –A TC –D ispatchers Enhancing."— Presentation transcript:
01/14/01 FAR 121 Air Safety PAD Operational Responsibility shared by: –P ilots –A TC –D ispatchers Enhancing Aviation Safety Through Collaboration
01/14/01 Basic Foundation As stated in the FARs, the aircraft dispatcher and pilot in command are jointly responsible for planning around and avoiding known or forecasted weather phenomena that may affect the safety of flight.
01/14/01 Basic Foundation The FAA through the traffic management system, is responsible for balancing air traffic demand with system capacity to ensure a safe and efficient flow of traffic and not for rerouting aircraft around weather. Because severe weather often creates actual or anticipated volume and complexity concerns, the FAA has the responsibility during or in anticipation of severe weather to address those concerns by use of traffic management initiatives.
01/14/01 Airline Operations Centers A Focus on Flight Dispatch and the AOC Strategic Planning Team
01/14/01 Dispatch Functions Flight Plan Calculation initiates the Release process: –Original Flight Release is the dispatchers plan of operation –Pilot reviews the Release –Flight is authorized to depart once Release is signed by the pilot and dispatcher signifying their agreement (FAR 121.593 & 121.595)
01/14/01 Dispatch Functions In-flight Responsibilities: Weather updates and flight plan re-analysis (FAR 121.601) Mechanical Irregularities Medical Emergencies Aircraft Emergencies Monitor Flight Progress (FAR 121.533) Information Updates (FAR 121.601) Re-dispatch
01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team PROBLEM: Until the spring of 2000, the National Airspace System (NAS) was operated under one set of rules irrespective of severe weather activity or other limitations to the system. Limited collaboration on re-routes Equitable access to the NAS broke down during severe weather events. 1999 ATA estimated the cost of NAS delays to the airlines and their customers was more than $5 billion.
01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team OBJECTIVE: Develop a set of guidelines which govern air traffic operations when the system cannot deliver routine, consistent services due to significant weather activity. The guidelines for severe weather events will provide a level of NAS predictability that will enhance safety while preserving efficiency and equability. –Predictability is the key element in preserving safety and efficiency during SWAP.
01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team –Maximize use of NAS resources –Allow airlines to operate within their own capabilities and economic objectives –Exchange information to build collaborative solutions to constraint problems COLLECTIVE MANDATE: (ATC & Airlines) Develop a new set of collaborative rules-of-the-road which govern air traffic operations during severe weather and/or heavy traffic events to:
01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team AIR CARRIER MANDATE: Implement a formal process to enhance collaboration within the AOC and between the airline and ATC: –Develop a team of AOC specialists to closely work with the FAA to better manage system traffic flows during constraining events. –The team of AOC specialists will be the Strategic Planning Team (SPT). –The SPT s mission is to make strategic, collaborative decisions which meet the operating goals of the airline during constraining events.
01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team OBJECTIVES OF THE AOC SPT: Create a daily strategic plan of operations based on known or forecasted events two to six hours in the future which will allow the airline to safely and reliably achieve its operating goals Collaborate with Air Traffic Control Provide analysis to critique and improve current procedures
01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team OBJECTIVES OF THE AOC SPT: (continued) Provide support for: –AOC tactical ATC operation Provide a plan for hub diversion recovery Establish & maintain open lines of communications to all airline facilities during the planning process and actual event.
01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team OBJECTIVES OF THE AOC SPT: (continued) When subject to system constraints that produce delays, cancellations, diversions, etc., the AOC SPT will base decisions on: –Optimizing system completion factor –Optimizing system on-time performance –Maintaining domestic & international connection integrity –Maintaining bank integrity –Maintaining Customer First initiatives
01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team LIMITING OPERATIONAL DISRUPTIONS: There are three very disruptive traffic management initiatives that adversely impact airports: –Ground Stop –Ground Delay Program –Departure Stop
01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team SPT TIMELINE Strategic Planning 1000z National Weather Telcon 1115z Initial SPO published by ATCSCC Airlines develop strategy using CCFP, Playbook, and Initial SPO 1215z Conduct strategic planning telcon (ATCSCC, ARTCC, Airlines) Airline & ATC route coordination 1230-1245z Issue updated SPO Airline conducts internal SPO briefing 1300z SPT repeats process
01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team SWAP TIMELINE Tactical Planning Event - Flow Constrained Areas (FCA) User Hotline Adjustments within event Telcons Recovery Diversion Recovery Day +1 Analysis Post Analysis
01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team RESOLVING OPERATIONAL DISRUPTIONS: During constraining events, the AOC SPT will attempt to: –Limit outbound and inbound delays at the hubs to an Air Carrier determined maximum time value –Plan maximum out/off time to an Air Carrier determined maximum time value based on known or anticipated wheels- up times during a Ground Delay Program
01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team THREE AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION OPERATIONS COORDINATORS AT ATCSCC: Principle Objectives –Monitor the National Traffic Management Environment and take action for the member airlines benefit. –Ensure that member airlines perspective is considered. Host daily ATA member telcons to gain consensus on operational plan. –Assist member airlines personnel in fostering a productive and effective relationship with ATCSCC personnel. –Provide resource to ATCSCC management on industry specifics (Operational Control, Airline Structure, etc.)
01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team AOC SPT TOOLS AVAILABLE: Automated Radar Terminal System (ARTS) Aircraft Situation Display (ASD) Flight Schedule Monitor (FSM) Sector Management Tool (SMT) Center Tracon Automation System (CTAS) Common Constraint Situation Display (CCSD) ATCSCC Web site
01/14/01 Strategic Planning Team AOC SPT COMMUNICATIONS PLAN: Initiate a communications process within the Air Carrier which will facilitate the effective implementation and execution of the SPT s strategic plan of operations.
01/14/01 Summary Airline Operations Centers, Flight Dispatch, and the AOC SPT enhance the safety and operational effectiveness of an Air Carriers flight operations. Collaboration is essential to manage air traffic in the saturated NAS. Commitment to continuous improvement through advanced technology, joint training, and collaboration.