# Section 9.1 Basic terms of Circles Circles. What is a circle? Circle: set of points equidistant from the center Circle: set of points equidistant from.

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Section 9.1 Basic terms of Circles Circles

What is a circle? Circle: set of points equidistant from the center Circle: set of points equidistant from the center Radius: segment from the center to a point on a circle Radius: segment from the center to a point on a circle

Chord: segment with endpoints on a circle Chord: segment with endpoints on a circle Secant: line that contains a chord Secant: line that contains a chord Diameter: a chord that contains the center of the circle Diameter: a chord that contains the center of the circle

TANGENT Tangent: a line that intersects the circle in exactly one point Tangent: a line that intersects the circle in exactly one point Point of tangency: the point where the tangent line intersects the circle Point of tangency: the point where the tangent line intersects the circle Tangent Line Point of Tang.

Spheres Sphere: set of all points in space at the same distance from the center Sphere: set of all points in space at the same distance from the center

Congruent Circles (or spheres) are circles (or spheres) that have congruent radii (or spheres) are circles (or spheres) that have congruent radii

Concentric Concentric circles are circles that lie in the same plane and have the same center. Concentric circles are circles that lie in the same plane and have the same center. Concentric spheres are spheres that have the same center Concentric spheres are spheres that have the same center

Inscribed vs. Circumscribed Inscribed in a circle means on the inside of the circle. Inscribed in a circle means on the inside of the circle. Try to inscribe a triangle into a circle. Try to inscribe a triangle into a circle. Circumscribed about a square means a circle drawn around a square. Circumscribed about a square means a circle drawn around a square. Try to circumscribe a rectangle about a circle. Try to circumscribe a rectangle about a circle.

Inscribed vs. Circumscribed Which shape(s) are inscribed? Which shape(s) are inscribed? Which shape(s) are circumscribed? Which shape(s) are circumscribed? The square is inscribed in the circle. The circle is inscribed in the triangle. The triangle is circumscribed about the circle but NOT the square. (It must hit the endpoints on the square and it doesn’t.)

Copy the following diagram. 1) Name three radii 2) Name a diameter 3) Why is segment TK not a chord? 4) Name a tangent to circle O. 5) What name is given to point L. 6) Consider segment RS to line RS. Which is a chord and which is a secant? Both endpoints aren’t ON the circle Point of Tangency Segment RS is a chord because it has endpoints.

Practice Problems Page 330 W.E. #1, 4, 5, 9 – 15, 18 Page 330 W.E. #1, 4, 5, 9 – 15, 18

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