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Jarmo Ratia Director General, National Land Survey of Finland

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Presentation on theme: "Jarmo Ratia Director General, National Land Survey of Finland "— Presentation transcript:

1 From SDI to GSDI with special focus on Regional SDI in Europe (INSPIRE)  
Jarmo Ratia Director General, National Land Survey of Finland President Global Spatial Data Infrastructure (GSDI) Association

2 Information Society and further on…
Industrial society Service society Information society Network society ? Knowledge society ??

3 Development to Information Society
First transistor 1960 First computer ´s of users First graphical userface ´s of users Global network millions of users Digital services Billions of users The amount of personal computers will soon exceed the population of the world.

4 80% of A L L I N F O R M A T I O N has location

5 Information Society and SDI, RSDI and GSDI
National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) Regional Spatial Data Infrastructure (RSDI) Global Spatial Data Infrastructure(GSDI) Steps towards knowledge society through information and network society

6 International development
USA 1994, Executive order by Clinton GI , European Union GSDI 1, Bonn, Germany, September 1996 EuroGeographics 2002 GSDI Association 2004 INSPIRE, European Union proposal 2004, will be in force from spring/summer 2007

7 SDI, RSDI and GSDI The emergence of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) is considered to be the major development in the GI-world the last ten years. Considerable amounts of money are invested in their development Intensive discussions are held on the development of a Global Spatial Data Infrastructure (GSDI). The Europe INSPIRE-directive (INfrastructure for SPatial InfoRmation in Europe)

8 Does your nation have an active or proposed initiative for developing a national spatial data infrastructure (or its equivalent)? Yes    (GSDI questionnaire in 1998)         Antarctica Australia Canada Columbia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Indonesia India Japan Kiribati Macau Malaysia Netherlands Northern Ireland Pakistan (PROPOSED) Russian Federation (STARTING) South Africa Sweden United Kingdom United States In countries considering SDI Projects (Ian Masser)

9 Dynamic spatial data infrastructure in an ubiquitous information society
Spatial data is created, processed and delivered in real-time More and more sensors and detectors are used Traditional SDI will broaden to more versatile snapshot systems which depict natural phenomenon and human activity in real-time Risk management - Tsunami warning system - Hurricane warning systems in the Caribbean - Earthquake warning systems in Japan - Flood control systems - Tracking of icebergs in Northern-Atlantic


11 The National Geographic
Information Strategy of Finland

12 The Finnish SDI strategy
prepared by the Finnish Council for GI (accepted in August 2004) the INSPIRE process was followed closely during the preparation part of the Government Information Society Programme includes guidelines and working program (23 actions) for: co-operation structures and mechanisms standards and specifications harmonisation of the core data sets metadata and metadata services GI services use and access policy user applications research and education communication

13 Framework of the strategy: the general SDI model (INSPIRE)
Metadata catalogue Coordinated co-operation Research and education Communication Information and discovery services …….. on line service Standards GOs, municipalities, companies, research bodies ….. Service chain Interoperable GI databases Clear use and access policy Systematic updating Real estate data Topographic data Address data Orthophotos Tematic GI Search, view, download ... User applications


15 the implementation of SDI
General status of the implementation of SDI The Finnish Council for Geographic Information (Coordination body) Official national advisory board in GI affairs Current term until end of 2007 18 members: key stakeholders (government, research, industry, ...) Main task: implementation of the SDI strategy Part-time secretariat Supporting working groups metadata harmonisation data services research and education first implementation actions (preparatory steps) INSPIRE follow up political awareness raising

16 Implementation actions
standards and specifications - several national recommendations in process harmonisation of the core data sets - identification of the harmonisation needs ongoing metadata and metadata services - draft profile in consultation phase - new metadata service in development GI services - drafting of the interphase recommendation ongoing use and access policy - analysis of models ongoing user applications - general map viewing service exists - GI lending facility research and education - analysis of development needs ongoing communication - national independent magazine exists - annual GI related fair exists - preliminary analysis of national GI/SDI portals

17 Challenges in the implementation of the national strategy in Finland
Political support & long term funding Feasibility with the INSPIRE directive; form & timetable Delopment of national budget policy; funding & pricing ? Structure and role of the local level administration in future Co-operation between organisations; new national legislation ? Resources for co-ordination; on voluntary basis ?

18 INSPIRE The INfrastructure for SPatial InfoRmation in Europe
Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community

19 INSPIRE-directive Principles
Aims at making available relevant, harmonised and quality geographic information for the purpose of formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of Community policy-making Principles Data should be collected once and maintained at the level where this can be done most effectively It should be possible to combine seamlessly spatial data from different sources and share it between many users and applications Spatial data should be collected at one level of government and shared between all levels Spatial data needed for good governance should be available on conditions that are not restricting its extensive use It should be easy to discover which spatial data is available, to evaluate its fitness for purpose and to know which conditions apply for its use.

20 INSPIRE - Some practical points - the National Land Survey of Finland - the Finnish Maritime Administration INSPIRE – good achievement towards uniform quality, availability and joint use of geographic information Especially important is the joint use of GI between public bodies – as well as the cooperation in the production of data Financing of the implementation of INSPIRE left to Member States to decide upon: Expenses depend on the level of implementation Cost-benefit –analyses important

21 INSPIRE - Some practical points
The Finnish Maritime Administration Wolrdwide standards: how they will be taken into account in INSPIRE implementation? For example in ocean charting standard (S-57) there are already unique identifiers in use …. a new standard because of INSPIRE???

22 INSPIRE - Some practical points - the National Land Survey of Finland (NLS) - the Finnish Maritime Administration (FMA) National SDI Strategy in line with INSPIRE Development projects and plans in FMA and NLS in line with INSPIRE For NLS some new tasks may come up in implementation of INSPIRE National geoportal? National coordination? New information services needed because of INSPIRE? Update (or small enhancement) of SDI Strategy in Finland maybe needed because of INSPIRE?

23 The National INSPIRE working group (Finland)
Broad-based with 6 Ministries and 4 stakeholders February 1 – December 31, 2007 Tasks to assess the needed new legislation to assess the national functional and economical impact of INSPIRE to produce a proposal on the needed services, GI portal and the maintenance and financing of those to produce a proposal on activities required by INSPIRE to secure the easy access to data and to secure the opportunity to produce data of good quality to produce a proposal on national cooperation and coordination structures required by INSPIRE

24 Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Association

25 Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Association Vision
Foster SDI development locally to globally

26 GSDI – Goals Promote and develop awareness and exchanges
Facilitate data access/discovery via clearinghouse, portal web services Stimulate & conduct capacity building Conduct and sponsor SDI development research Engage partners to help

27 GSDI – members and partners
Membership 26 Charter members Many global Commercial, Government, NGOs, etc 26 Individual members 8 successful meetings participants 52 countries Multiple training experiences Collaboration with multiple partners

28 Grant Programs GSDI Small Grants Program
The grants are limited to US$ 2500 each  Activities may focus on technical or institutional initiatives, as long as there are concrete/tangible outputs and that several institutions collaborate 2004: 12 grants awarded ESRI Global Map GSDI Grant Program One copy of the ArcGIS system Maintenance (technical support and upgrades) Intergraph International Grant Program Open Interoperabililty Grants for Global Map Project 1 full license each of GeoMedia Professional and GeoMedia WebMap Twelve (12) months of software maintenance

29 GSDI works through regional Committees
Permanent Committees for: Europe (EuroGeographics, EUROGI) Asia & the Pacific (PCGIAP) Americas (PCIDEA) Africa (CODI and partners)

30 GSDI Standing Committees
Technical Working Group Legal and Economic Working Group Communications Committee Membership Committee Sponsored Projects Committee Conference Planning Committee

31 Newsletters Newsletters are prepared by an editor and issued on a quasi-regular basis SDI-Africa Newsletter SDI-Latin America & Caribbean Newsletter SDI-Asia & Pacific Newsletter FGDC Newsletter EUROGI Newsletter GSDI Newsletter Current Editor: GSDI Board Its purpose is to report activities of interest to the SDI community around the globe

32 Editor: Douglas D. Nebert, Technical Working Group Chair, GSDI
Developing Spatial Data Infrastructures: The SDI Cookbook Version 2.0 2004 Release for Review at the Fourth Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Conference, Cape Town, South Africa Disclaimer: This draft represents a work-in-progress that has been compiled from numerous contributions and available online documents contributing organisations. Full acknowledgement of contributions and citations will be provided in the initial public draft. Document Available At: Editor: Douglas D. Nebert, Technical Working Group Chair, GSDI

33 Cookbook Objectives Define a reference environment for building compatible spatial data infrastructures for use by all communities Promote best practices, technologies, and guidance for their implementation in a changing Internet environment with low-cost reference implementations, wherever possible Create an online resource and information web for dissemination

34 Additional Information
Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Association INSPIRE EuroGeographics European Umbrella Organisation for Geographic Information EuroGlobalMap 1:1 million EuroRegionalMap 1: EuroBoundaryMap Global Mapping

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