Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

United Kingdom Hydrographic Office

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "United Kingdom Hydrographic Office"— Presentation transcript:

1 United Kingdom Hydrographic Office
INSPIRE Directive of the European Parliament and the Council establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community John Pepper United Kingdom Hydrographic Office Present yourself Joint initiative Status of initiative Structure of presentation Warning on technical nature of proposal

2 Bringing data and services together through a Spatial Data Infrastructure
Data and services easily discoverable and accessible to users Easier development of new applications and services Like a road infrastructure makes it possible to connect different places, a spatial data infrastructure makes it possible to connect data and services located at different sources Components Institutional framework Information Services Fundamental data sets Technical standards

3 Why INSPIRE? Increasing number of environmental policies that have a strong spatial dimension
Marine thematic strategy Thematic strategy on natural resources and on recycling New soil monitoring system Revision of SEVESO Directives on hazardous substances Proposal for Directive on control of pipelines Integrated Coastal Zone Management The revised forest monitoring regulation Noise Directive Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) European Action programme on flood risk management

4 Example: Proposed Directive on the Assessment and Management of Floods (2006)
In the period floods comprised 43% of all disaster events in Europe 100 major floods 700 dead Half a million displaced people 25 billion Euros uninsured economic loss Along the Rhine, 10 m people live in areas liable to extreme flooding, potential damage estimated at 165 bn. Euros 101,000 kms of coastline, population doubled in last 50 years. Assets within 500 mt of coast = bn euros.

5 Agreement that a common strategy is needed
70% of all fresh water bodies in Europe are part of a trans-boundary river basin !! Risk assessment is compounded by problems related to quality of land use data, protected areas, etc.

6 Past approaches have limitations
CORINE “Coordination of Information on the Environment” - 85/338/EEC: Council Decision 27/6/1985 Experimental project for gathering, coordinating and ensuring the consistency of information on the state of the environment and natural resources in the Community Problems: Variable data access policy Lack of consistency with other data Irregular updating No long term perspective Lack of quality/reliability Lack of synchronization with other MS data

7 NATURA 2000 Directive 92/43/EEC and 97/62/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora SCI (Sites of community importance) SAC (Special Areas of Conservation) Directive 78/409/EEC on the conservation of wild birds SPA (Special Protection Areas) Natura 2000 areas, 12-15% of the EU15

8 What are the problems? Different quality and different types of attribute information
Data compiled by Member States: Paper map / site Descriptive database Digital Spatial data Data are validated and integrated by DG ENV Data sources: In general 1/ , on topographic maps Exceptionally 1/ (very large sites) Often 1/ –1/1.500 (cadastre)

9 Natura2000 Data harmonisation problems

10 Data utilization problems
Natura2000 – Typical Questions In which administrative region is the site? Major roads running through the area? Variation of altitude and slope? Location of nearest villages and cities? How are the land cover and land use distributed? Where are potentially polluting nucleus’ situated? Is there an area eligible for Community funding? Only data of poor quality are available to answer those questions….

11 But good local data already exist and are accessible !

12 In Summary: Explain what is spatial information Environmental Needs
Better information needed to support policies [6EAP] Improvement of existing information flows Diversity across regions to be considered Revision of approach to reporting and monitoring, moving to concept of sharing of information Situation in Europe Data policy restrictions Lack of co-ordination across borders and between levels of government Lack of standards incompatible information and information systems Existing data not re-usable fragmentation of information, redundancy, inability to integrate Environmental data 90% of is linked to geography Out of 58 data components needed for environmental policy : 32 are multi-sectoral 16 are environmental only 10 are related to other sectors These 32 components allow to: link different ENV themes together: policy coherence link with other sectors: integration source EEA EC Proposal for a Directive establishing an infrastructure for spatial information in the Community – INSPIRE Explain what is spatial information

13 INSPIRE Directive General Provisions
INSPIRE lays down general rules to establish an infrastructure for spatial information in Europe for the purposes of Community environmental policies and policies or activities which may have an impact on the environment. This infrastructure shall build upon infrastructures for spatial information established and operated by the Member States. INSPIRE does not require collection of new spatial data – electronic format INSPIRE does not affect Intellectual Property Rights

14 INSPIRE is a Framework Directive
INSPIRE COMPONENTS METADATA INTEROPERABILITY OF SPATIAL DATA SETS AND SERVICES NETWORK SERVICES DATA SHARING (policy) COORDINATION AND COMPLEMENTARY MEASURES – Monitoring & Reporting INSPIRE is a Framework Directive Detailed technical provisions for the issues above will be laid down in Implementing Rules (IR)

15 What Kind of Spatial Data ?
Whose ? - Spatial data held by or on behalf of a public authority operating down to the lowest level of government when laws or regulations require their collection or dissemination Which data ? - INSPIRE covers 34 Spatial Data Themes laid down in 3 Annexes – (required to successfully build environmental information systems)

16 INSPIRE Spatial Data Scope
Annex I Coordinate reference systems Geographical grid systems Geographical names Administrative units Addresses Cadastral parcels Transport networks Hydrography Protected sites Annex II Elevation Land cover Ortho-imagery Geology Harmonised spatial data specifications more stringent for Annex I and II than for Annex III

17 INSPIRE Thematic Scope
Annex III Statistical units Buildings Soil Land use Human health and safety Utility and governmental services Environmental monitoring facilities Production and industrial facilities Agricultural and aquaculture facilities Population distribution – demography Area management/restriction /regulation zones & reporting units Natural risk zones Atmospheric conditions Meteorological geographical features Oceanographic geographical features Sea regions Bio-geographical regions Habitats and biotopes Species distribution Energy Resources Mineral resources

18 Why are all these themes needed ? - Just another example ....
Creation of SDI to assist in the analysis of health impacts Exposure Data Health Data Socio - economic data Geographical data Environmental data Air Pollution and Cancer Air Pollution Cancer Cases

19 INSPIRE Data Sharing Policy
Member States shall adopt measures for the sharing of data and services between public authorities for public tasks relating to the environment without restrictions occurring at the point of use. Public authorities may charge, license each other and Community institutions provided this does not create an obstacle to sharing. When spatial data or services are provided to Community institutions for reporting obligations under Community law relating to the environment then this will not be subject to charging.

20 From Commission proposal to Community Directive implementation
Preparatory phase ( ) Co-decision procedure Preparation of Implementing Rules Transposition phase ( ) Directive enters into force Transposition into national legislation INSPIRE Committee starts its activities Adoption of Implementation Rules by Comitology Implementation phase ( ) implementation and monitoring of measures

21 Member States shall create metadata and keep them up to date
Metadata shall include: Conformity with IR on interoperability Conditions for access and use Quality and validity The public authorities responsible Limitations on public access Once Implementing Rules adopted: Created within 2 years for Annex I, II Created within 5 years for Annex III

22 Interoperability of spatial data sets and services (1)
Implementing Rules shall be adopted for interoperability and where practical for harmonisation of spatial data sets and services Based on relevant user requirements Integrate existing international standards, if appropriate Feasible, proportionate, cost-benefit into account (Member States shall provide information on request) Member States shall once IR adopted: Make services and new data conform within 2 years Make other spatial data still in use conform (can be done through transformation service) within 7 years Stakeholders shall be given opportunity to participate in development of this Implementing Rule

23 Interoperability of spatial data sets and services (2)
Harmonised data specifications Annex I, II, III: definition and classification of spatial objects geo-referencing Annex I, II: common framework of unique identifiers for spatial objects; relationship between spatial objects; key attributes and corresponding multilingual thesauri; Information on the temporal dimension of the data; how to exchange updates of the data. 3rd parties shall have access to these specifications at conditions not restricting their use Cross-border issues shall be agreed on

24 Network Services Member States shall operate a network of the following services available to the public for data sets and services for which metadata has been created: Discovery services; No charge View services; No charge (exceptions) Download services; Transformation services, Services allowing spatial data services to be invoked - Access to services may be restricted - Services shall be available on request to 3rd parties under conditions - Implementing Rules will be adopted (cost-benefit considerations) - INSPIRE GEO portal shall be established – Member States geo-portals

25 INSPIRE Roadmap (1/3) Mile-stone Description 2007 X
Entry into force of INSPIRE Directive X+3m Establishment of the INSPIRE Committee X +1y Implementing Rules for the creation and up-dating of the metadata Implementing Rules for discovery and view services Implementing Rules for monitoring and reporting Implementing Rules governing access and rights of use to spatial data sets and services for Community institutions and bodies 2009 X + 2y Implementing Rules for download and invoke services Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and for the exchange of Annex I spatial data

26 INSPIRE Roadmap (2/3) Mile-stone
Provisions of Directive are brought into force in MS (transposition date) 2009 X + 2y Designation of responsible public authorities for spatial data sets and services Implementation of data sharing framework of spatial data sets and services between public bodies Implementation of provisions on monitoring 2010 X + 3y Metadata available for spatial data corresponding to Annex I and Annex II spatial data Discovery and View Network services are operational Member States’ First Report to the Commission. From then onwards MS have to present reports every 3 years

27 INSPIRE Roadmap (3/3) 2011 X + 4y 2012 X + 5y 2013 X + 6y 2014 X + 7y
Mile-stone Provisions of Directive are brought into force in MS (transposition date) 2011 X + 4y New or updated spatial data sets available in accordance with Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex I spatial data Download Network Service operational for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex I spatial data 2012 X + 5y Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and for the exchange of Annex II and Annex III spatial data 2013 X + 6y Metadata available for Annex III spatial data 2014 X + 7y Commission’s report to the EP and the Council. From then onwards the Commission has to present reports every 6 years 2016 X + 9y All spatial data sets in use available in accordance with Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex I spatial data 2019 X + 12y All spatial data sets in use available in accordance with Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex II and Annex III spatial data

28 Implementing INSPIRE Needs to consider the broader context of existing initiatives which could contribute Interfaces with initiatives GMES, GEO/GEOSS, GALILEO, global developments of spatial data infrastructures Bottom-up implementation by Spatial Data Interest Communities, SDIC SDIC bundle the human expertise of users, producers and transformers of spatial information, technical competence, financial resources and policies. Many SDIC exist today, generally organised by region, thematic issue or sector (industry).

29 INSPIRE process 2005-2009 Association phase Drafting phase
Commission Services co-ordinate EC adopts INSPIRE Expert Group advises INSPIRE Committee votes Review Formal Internet Consultation Draft Implementing Rules Implementing Rules Existing Reference Material Call for Interest Proto-types test Pilots validate Consolidation Team Drafting Teams Experts are proposed Projects contribute LMOs review Spatial Data Interest Communities participate Public reviews MS apply CEN, ISO, OGC contribute Association phase Drafting phase Review phase

30 The role of SDIC Spatial Data Interest Communities
To collect and describe user requirements, To submit/develop reference materials To allocate experts to the drafting teams, To participate in the review process, To implement pilot projects to test/revise/develop the draft Implementing Rules, To contribute to cost/benefit analysis to assess costs of the draft Implementing Rules, To contribute to awareness raising and training

31 The role of Legally Mandated Organisations (LMO)
To collaborate within the SDICs, or autonomously in providing technical specifications To help identify user needs To contribute to the analysis of the technical and operational feasibility of implementation of proposed draft Implementing Rules To provide feedback on the cost/benefit consequences of Implementing Rules at Member State level.

32 Results of the call for Experts Opened on 1 March 2005 Experts registered per country
Spatial Data Interest Communities (SDICs) 139 Legally Mandate Organisations (LMOs) 89 Proposed Experts 193 Referenced Materials 96 Identified Projects 94

33 The role of Drafting Teams (DT)
To analyse and review the reference material To write draft INSPIRE Implementing Rules To provide recommendations to the Consolidation Team, CT (EC) - in case of conflicting technical specifications To provide suggestions to the CT for testing any proposed specification

34 The role of projects, pilots and prototypes
To develop representative use-case scenarios To develop/test specifications for IR development To demonstrate the feasibility and advantages of interoperability-based solutions To acquire experience in implementing interoperability-based solutions To determine cost and benefit of interoperability based solutions on the basis of real cases

35 Example of participative process in IR development
Call for experts March 2005 Drafting Teams established in October 2005 Draft IR for Metadata published on 2nd Feb based on requirement of Directive, review of existing material submitted by SDICS and LMOs, international standards, and drafting team knowledge. Open for comments by SDICs and LMOs over an 8 week period Revised Draft to be published in the Summer 2007 Open for public consultation for an 8 week period NOW Commission develops its proposal based on all input received and submits to Regulatory Committee

36 Conclusions INSPIRE is a framework Directive with top-down Implementing Rules developed But… Bottom-up development of Implementing Rules through stakeholder participation - the “Spatial Data Interest Communities” Open and transparent drafting and review of Implementing Rules Pilots and Projects play a key role to define and validate the Implementing Rules INSPIRE is a pillar of GMES INSPIRE is a major EU contribution to GEO/GEOSS

37 Thank you for your attention

Download ppt "United Kingdom Hydrographic Office"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google