Presentation on theme: "United Kingdom Hydrographic Office"— Presentation transcript:
1 United Kingdom Hydrographic Office INSPIRE Directive of the European Parliament and the Council establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European CommunityJohn PepperUnited Kingdom Hydrographic OfficePresent yourselfJoint initiativeStatus of initiativeStructure of presentationWarning on technical nature of proposal
2 Bringing data and services together through a Spatial Data Infrastructure Data and services easily discoverable and accessible to usersEasier development of new applications and servicesLike a road infrastructure makes it possible to connect different places, a spatial data infrastructure makes it possible to connect data and services located at different sourcesComponentsInstitutionalframeworkInformationServicesFundamentaldata setsTechnicalstandards
3 Why INSPIRE? Increasing number of environmental policies that have a strong spatial dimension Marine thematic strategyThematic strategy on natural resources and on recyclingNew soil monitoring systemRevision of SEVESO Directives on hazardous substancesProposal for Directive on control of pipelinesIntegrated Coastal Zone ManagementThe revised forest monitoring regulationNoise DirectiveWater Framework Directive (2000/60/EC)European Action programme on flood risk management
4 Example: Proposed Directive on the Assessment and Management of Floods (2006) In the period floods comprised 43% of all disaster events in Europe100 major floods700 deadHalf a million displaced people25 billion Euros uninsured economic lossAlong the Rhine, 10 m people live in areas liable to extreme flooding, potential damage estimated at 165 bn. Euros101,000 kms of coastline, population doubled in last 50 years. Assets within 500 mt of coast = bn euros.
5 Agreement that a common strategy is needed 70% of all fresh water bodies in Europe are part of a trans-boundary river basin !!Risk assessment is compounded by problems related to quality of land use data, protected areas, etc.
6 Past approaches have limitations CORINE “Coordination of Information on the Environment” - 85/338/EEC: Council Decision 27/6/1985Experimental project for gathering, coordinating and ensuring the consistency of information on the state of the environment and natural resources in the CommunityProblems:Variable data access policyLack of consistency with other dataIrregular updatingNo long term perspectiveLack of quality/reliabilityLack of synchronization with other MS data
7 NATURA 2000Directive 92/43/EEC and 97/62/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and floraSCI (Sites of community importance)SAC (Special Areas of Conservation)Directive 78/409/EEC on the conservation of wild birdsSPA (Special Protection Areas)Natura 2000areas, 12-15% of the EU15
8 What are the problems? Different quality and different types of attribute information Data compiled by Member States:Paper map / siteDescriptive databaseDigital Spatial dataData are validated and integrated by DG ENVData sources:In general 1/ , on topographic mapsExceptionally 1/ (very large sites)Often 1/ –1/1.500 (cadastre)
10 Data utilization problems Natura2000 – Typical QuestionsIn which administrative region is the site?Major roads running through the area?Variation of altitude and slope?Location of nearest villages and cities?How are the land cover and land use distributed?Where are potentially polluting nucleus’ situated?Is there an area eligible for Community funding?Only data of poor quality are available toanswer those questions….
11 But good local data already exist and are accessible !
12 In Summary: Explain what is spatial information Environmental Needs Better information needed to support policies [6EAP]Improvement of existing information flowsDiversity across regions to be consideredRevision of approach to reporting and monitoring, moving to concept of sharing of informationSituation in EuropeData policy restrictionsLack of co-ordination across borders and between levels of governmentLack of standards incompatible information and information systemsExisting data not re-usable fragmentation of information, redundancy, inability to integrateEnvironmental data90% of is linked to geographyOut of 58 data components needed for environmental policy :32 are multi-sectoral16 are environmental only10 are related to other sectorsThese 32 components allow to:link different ENV themes together: policy coherencelink with other sectors: integrationsource EEAEC Proposal for a Directive establishing an infrastructure for spatial information in the Community – INSPIREExplain what is spatial information
13 INSPIRE Directive General Provisions INSPIRE lays down general rules to establish an infrastructure for spatial information in Europe for the purposes of Community environmental policies and policies or activities which may have an impact on the environment.This infrastructure shall build upon infrastructures for spatial information established and operated by the Member States.INSPIRE does not require collection of new spatial data – electronic formatINSPIRE does not affect Intellectual Property Rights
14 INSPIRE is a Framework Directive INSPIRE COMPONENTSMETADATAINTEROPERABILITY OF SPATIAL DATA SETS AND SERVICESNETWORK SERVICESDATA SHARING (policy)COORDINATION AND COMPLEMENTARY MEASURES – Monitoring & ReportingINSPIRE is a Framework DirectiveDetailed technical provisions for the issues above will be laid down in Implementing Rules (IR)
15 What Kind of Spatial Data ? Whose ? - Spatial data held by or on behalf of a public authority operating down to the lowest level of government when laws or regulations require their collection or disseminationWhich data ? - INSPIRE covers 34 Spatial Data Themes laid down in 3 Annexes – (required to successfully build environmental information systems)
16 INSPIRE Spatial Data Scope Annex ICoordinate reference systemsGeographical grid systemsGeographical namesAdministrative unitsAddressesCadastral parcelsTransport networksHydrographyProtected sitesAnnex IIElevationLand coverOrtho-imageryGeologyHarmonised spatial data specifications more stringent for Annex I and II than for Annex III
17 INSPIRE Thematic Scope Annex IIIStatistical unitsBuildingsSoilLand useHuman health and safetyUtility and governmental servicesEnvironmental monitoring facilitiesProduction and industrial facilitiesAgricultural and aquaculture facilitiesPopulation distribution – demographyArea management/restriction /regulation zones & reporting unitsNatural risk zonesAtmospheric conditionsMeteorological geographical featuresOceanographic geographical featuresSea regionsBio-geographical regionsHabitats and biotopesSpecies distributionEnergy ResourcesMineral resources
18 Why are all these themes needed ? - Just another example .... Creation of SDI to assist in the analysis ofhealth impacts•Exposure DataHealth DataSocio-economic dataGeographical dataEnvironmental dataAir Pollution and CancerAir Pollution Cancer Cases
19 INSPIRE Data Sharing Policy Member States shall adopt measures for the sharing of data and services between public authorities for public tasks relating to the environment without restrictions occurring at the point of use.Public authorities may charge, license each other and Community institutions provided this does not create an obstacle to sharing.When spatial data or services are provided to Community institutions for reporting obligations under Community law relating to the environment then this will not be subject to charging.
20 From Commission proposal to Community Directive implementation Preparatory phase ( )Co-decision procedurePreparation of Implementing RulesTransposition phase ( )Directive enters into forceTransposition into national legislationINSPIRE Committee starts its activitiesAdoption of Implementation Rules by ComitologyImplementation phase ( )implementation and monitoring of measures
21 Member States shall create metadata and keep them up to date Metadata shall include:Conformity with IR on interoperabilityConditions for access and useQuality and validityThe public authorities responsibleLimitations on public accessOnce Implementing Rules adopted:Created within 2 years for Annex I, IICreated within 5 years for Annex III
22 Interoperability of spatial data sets and services (1) Implementing Rules shall be adopted for interoperability and where practical for harmonisation of spatial data sets and servicesBased on relevant user requirementsIntegrate existing international standards, if appropriateFeasible, proportionate, cost-benefit into account (Member States shall provide information on request)Member States shall once IR adopted:Make services and new data conform within 2 yearsMake other spatial data still in use conform (can be done through transformation service) within 7 yearsStakeholders shall be given opportunity to participate in development of this Implementing Rule
23 Interoperability of spatial data sets and services (2) Harmonised data specificationsAnnex I, II, III:definition and classification of spatial objectsgeo-referencingAnnex I, II:common framework of unique identifiers for spatial objects;relationship between spatial objects;key attributes and corresponding multilingual thesauri;Information on the temporal dimension of the data;how to exchange updates of the data.3rd parties shall have access to these specifications at conditions not restricting their useCross-border issues shall be agreed on
24 Network ServicesMember States shall operate a network of the following services available to the public for data sets and services for which metadata has been created:Discovery services; No chargeView services; No charge (exceptions)Download services;Transformation services,Services allowing spatial data services to be invoked- Access to services may be restricted- Services shall be available on request to 3rd parties under conditions- Implementing Rules will be adopted (cost-benefit considerations)- INSPIRE GEO portal shall be established – Member States geo-portals
25 INSPIRE Roadmap (1/3) Mile-stone Description 2007 X Entry into force of INSPIRE DirectiveX+3mEstablishment of the INSPIRE CommitteeX +1yImplementing Rules for the creation and up-dating of the metadataImplementing Rules for discovery and view servicesImplementing Rules for monitoring and reportingImplementing Rules governing access and rights of use to spatial data sets and services for Community institutions and bodies2009X + 2yImplementing Rules for download and invoke servicesImplementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and for the exchange of Annex I spatial data
26 INSPIRE Roadmap (2/3) Mile-stone Provisions of Directive are brought into force in MS (transposition date)2009X + 2yDesignation of responsible public authorities for spatial data sets and servicesImplementation of data sharing framework of spatial data sets and services between public bodiesImplementation of provisions on monitoring2010X + 3yMetadata available for spatial data corresponding to Annex I and Annex II spatial dataDiscovery and View Network services are operationalMember States’ First Report to the Commission. From then onwards MS have to present reports every 3 years
27 INSPIRE Roadmap (3/3) 2011 X + 4y 2012 X + 5y 2013 X + 6y 2014 X + 7y Mile-stoneProvisions of Directive are brought into force in MS (transposition date)2011X + 4yNew or updated spatial data sets available in accordance with Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex I spatial dataDownload Network Service operational for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex I spatial data2012X + 5yImplementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and for the exchange of Annex II and Annex III spatial data2013X + 6yMetadata available for Annex III spatial data2014X + 7yCommission’s report to the EP and the Council. From then onwards the Commission has to present reports every 6 years2016X + 9yAll spatial data sets in use available in accordance with Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex I spatial data2019X + 12yAll spatial data sets in use available in accordance with Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications and exchange for Annex II and Annex III spatial data
28 Implementing INSPIRENeeds to consider the broader context of existing initiatives which could contributeInterfaces with initiatives GMES, GEO/GEOSS, GALILEO, global developments of spatial data infrastructuresBottom-up implementation by Spatial Data Interest Communities, SDICSDIC bundle the human expertise of users, producers and transformers of spatial information, technical competence, financial resources and policies. Many SDIC exist today, generally organised by region, thematic issue or sector (industry).
29 INSPIRE process 2005-2009 Association phase Drafting phase Commission Services co-ordinateECadoptsINSPIRE Expert Group advisesINSPIRE Committee votesReviewFormal Internet ConsultationDraft Implementing RulesImplementing RulesExisting Reference MaterialCall for InterestProto-typestestPilots validateConsolidation TeamDrafting TeamsExperts are proposedProjects contributeLMOs reviewSpatial Data Interest Communities participatePublicreviewsMSapplyCEN, ISO, OGC contributeAssociation phaseDrafting phaseReview phase
30 The role of SDIC Spatial Data Interest Communities To collect and describe user requirements,To submit/develop reference materialsTo allocate experts to the drafting teams,To participate in the review process,To implement pilot projectsto test/revise/develop the draft Implementing Rules,To contribute to cost/benefit analysisto assess costs of the draft Implementing Rules,To contribute to awareness raising and training
31 The role of Legally Mandated Organisations (LMO) To collaborate within the SDICs, or autonomously in providing technical specificationsTo help identify user needsTo contribute to the analysis of the technical and operational feasibility of implementation of proposed draft Implementing RulesTo provide feedback on the cost/benefit consequences of Implementing Rules at Member State level.
32 Results of the call for Experts Opened on 1 March 2005 Experts registered per country Spatial Data Interest Communities (SDICs)139Legally Mandate Organisations (LMOs)89Proposed Experts193Referenced Materials96Identified Projects94
33 The role of Drafting Teams (DT) To analyse and review the reference materialTo write draft INSPIRE Implementing RulesTo provide recommendations to the Consolidation Team, CT (EC) - in case of conflicting technical specificationsTo provide suggestions to the CT for testing any proposed specification
34 The role of projects, pilots and prototypes To develop representative use-case scenariosTo develop/test specifications for IR developmentTo demonstrate the feasibility and advantages of interoperability-based solutionsTo acquire experience in implementing interoperability-based solutionsTo determine cost and benefit of interoperability based solutions on the basis of real cases
35 Example of participative process in IR development Call for experts March 2005Drafting Teams established in October 2005Draft IR for Metadata published on 2nd Feb based on requirement of Directive, review of existing material submitted by SDICS and LMOs, international standards, and drafting team knowledge.Open for comments by SDICs and LMOs over an 8 week periodRevised Draft to be published in the Summer 2007Open for public consultation for an 8 week period NOWCommission develops its proposal based on all input received and submits to Regulatory Committee
36 ConclusionsINSPIRE is a framework Directive with top-down Implementing Rules developedBut…Bottom-up development of Implementing Rules through stakeholder participation - the “Spatial Data Interest Communities”Open and transparent drafting and review of Implementing RulesPilots and Projects play a key role to define and validate the Implementing RulesINSPIRE is a pillar of GMESINSPIRE is a major EU contribution to GEO/GEOSS