Presentation on theme: "Socratic Seminars The Power of Questions. What is Socratic Seminar A teaching strategy to encourage students to engage in critical thinking, listening,"— Presentation transcript:
What is Socratic Seminar A teaching strategy to encourage students to engage in critical thinking, listening, communicating, and wonder A forum in which students determine the flow of classroom discussion and teachers serve as facilitators An atmosphere of intellectual engagement, cooperation, and conversation where students learn the difference between DIALOGUE and DEBATE The goal is not to answer questions, but to generate more questions
The Teachers Role Facilitator, not director The teacher gives no response, negative or positive, to the students’ discussion The teacher can pose more questions to “move” discussion from stalemate positions
The Students’ Responsibilities Being prepared for the seminar Directing the flow of the discussion within the seminar Determining the meaning of the seminar Utilizing critical thinking, listening, and communicating skills Respecting and honoring the opinions and voices of all other participants.
Guidelines Participate actively: Speak, listen and draw others into the discussion Come prepared with questions and possible answers Refrain from interrupting Support others’ ideas with evidence Cooperate in a friendly discussion
During dialogue, participants may… Ask for clarification if a person’s comment confuses them. Add to a comment made by another person. Respectfully voice an opposing viewpoint.
No one may… Criticize anyone’s opinions, comments, or beliefs. Interrupt when someone is speaking. Respond in a manner that is in any way contemptuous or derogatory.
Critical Reading The first step to a discussion is critically reading the given text Three steps to critical reading – Pre – During – Post
Questioning There are three types of questioning that make up a Socratic seminar – Level one – Level two – Level three
One-System Knowledge A correct answer Requires evidence and reasoning within a system
Established procedure or method for finding an answer Settled by facts, definition or both “yes” or “no” EXAMPLE: – Would you agree that…
No-System Cannot be assessed A subjective opinion Calls for stating a subjective preference
Questions with as many answers as there are different human preferences Typically include “why” in the question EXAMPLES: – What is love? Are there different types of love? – Do you think Romeo and Juliet were really in love? Why or why not? – Why do you think….
Conflicting Systems Judgment Better and worse answers Requires evidence and reasoning within conflicting systems
Requires reasoning, but with more than one arguable answer Well supported with evidence from source Question typically has sections from the text in them. EXAMPLES – How are love and conflict related? – According to ______, they claim “_____________”
Types of Questions One-System Requires evidence and reasoning within a system A correct answerKnowledgeNo-System Calls for stating a subjective preference A subjective opinion Cannot be assessed Conflicting Systems Requires evidence and reasoning within conflicting systems Better and worse answers Judgment
Your Task In class read Chapter VIII of The Prince… – Step 1 : Critically read the entire chapter I should see highlighting, underlining, notes, etc… Before you move onto the next step, you must show me your notes from critically reading… I will check them off and you can start on step 2. – Step 2 : Generate three questions that could be used in a class discussion The questions should be one from each category – One system (what) – No system (why) – Conflicting system (how) Before you leave class you must show me your questions
Your Homework Read chapter XVII of The Prince – Critically read the entire chapter – Write three questions that will be used in discussion tomorrow – I will check off your questions in class tomorrow – will count for participation grade – All readings, power points, and notes will be on the class website for reference.