 # 60 cm : 200 cm can be written as the fraction . 60 cm 200 cm

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60 cm : 200 cm can be written as the fraction . 60 cm 200 cm
Example 1 Simplify Ratios Simplify the ratio. a. 60 cm : 200 cm b. 3 ft 18 in. SOLUTION a. 60 cm : 200 cm can be written as the fraction 60 cm 200 cm Divide numerator and denominator by their greatest common factor, 20. = 60 cm 200 cm 60 ÷ 20 200 ÷ 20 3 10 Simplify. is read as “3 to 10.” = 1

Example 1 3 ft 3 · 12 in. b. = 18 in. 36 in. = 18 in. 36 ÷ 18 =
Simplify Ratios = 3 · 12 in. 18 in. 3 ft b. Substitute 12 in. for 1 ft. Multiply. = 36 in. 18 in. Divide numerator and denominator by their greatest common factor, 18. = 36 ÷ 18 18 ÷ 18 2 1 Simplify. is read as “2 to 1.” = 2

In the diagram, AB : BC is 4 : 1 and AC = 30. Find AB and BC.
Example 2 Use Ratios In the diagram, AB : BC is 4 : 1 and AC = 30. Find AB and BC. SOLUTION Let x = BC. Because the ratio of AB to BC is 4 to 1, you know that AB = 4x. AB + BC = AC Segment Addition Postulate 4x + x = 30 Substitute 4x for AB, x for BC, and 30 for AC. 5x = 30 Add like terms. x = 6 Divide each side by 5. 3

To find AB and BC, substitute 6 for x.
Example 2 Use Ratios To find AB and BC, substitute 6 for x. AB = 4x = 4 · 6 = 24 BC = x = 6 ANSWER So, AB = 24 and BC = 6. 4

Example 3 Use Ratios The perimeter of a rectangle is 80 feet. The ratio of the length to the width is 7 : 3. Find the length and the width of the rectangle. SOLUTION The ratio of length to width is 7 to 3. You can let the length l = 7x and the width w = 3x. 2l + 2w = P Formula for the perimeter of a rectangle 2(7x) + 2(3x) = 80 Substitute 7x for l, 3x for w, and 80 for P. 14x + 6x = 80 Multiply. 20x = 80 Add like terms. x = 4 Divide each side by 20. 5

To find the length and width of the rectangle, substitute 4 for x.
Example 3 Use Ratios To find the length and width of the rectangle, substitute 4 for x. l = 7x = 7 · 4 = 28 w = 3x = 3 · 4 = 12 ANSWER The length is 28 feet, and the width is 12 feet. 6

In the diagram, EF : FG is 2 : 1 and EG = 24. Find EF and FG.
Checkpoint Use Ratios 1. In the diagram, EF : FG is 2 : 1 and EG = 24. Find EF and FG. ANSWER EF = 16; FG = 8 2. The perimeter of a rectangle is 84 feet. The ratio of the length to the width is 4 : 3. Find the length and the width of the rectangle. ANSWER length, 24 ft; width, 18 ft

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