Objective #1-100 Years’ War A series of conflicts between France & England that lasted from 1337 to 1453. CausesEventsEffects Last member of the Capetian king dynasty in France died. English king Edward III-who held lands in France claims the throne of France. French Assembly chose Philip VI as the King. Edward renewed his claim & brought his army to Flanders. Battle of Crecy 1346 Agincourt 1415 (Henry V) Orleans 1429 (Joan of Arc) Joan of Arc burned at the stake 1431. Formigny 1450 Bordeaux 1453 Use of New weapons. Growing power of English Parliament Geographic devastation & starvation in France Death to both the English & French.
Objective #2-Monarchs of France, England & Spain EnglandFranceSpain Important RulerHenry VIILouis XIIsabella & Ferdinand Ways Ruler strengthened control Seized throne from England Efficient administrator Used diplomacy to form alliances. Went to war against the moors to get Granada. United the kingdoms of Castile & Aragon. Added Navarre and took power from church courts. Alliances FormedMarried daughter of the House of York to help end the civil war. Allied with Switzerland against Burgundy. Married to get the land of Brittany. Their marriage united Aragon & Castile kingdoms.
Objective #3- Holy Roman Empire Holy Roman Emperor Had no real authority over the empire. Germany was ruled by territorial princes Italy was divided by the Papal States ruled by the Pope. The electors of the emperor would not choose a powerful prince. The Habsburgs used their position to arrange marriages with powerful families. Through these marriages the Habsburgs gained control of Austria and other territories and became the most powerful family in Europe
Section 5 Review Q’s Section 5: Wars and the Nations 1.What were the causes of the Hundred Years’ War? 2.What new weapons were developed and used during this time frame? 3.What was the “War of the Roses”? 4.What was Joan of Arc’s purpose? 5.Why did Italy and Germany fail to become unified during the later Middle Ages?